Obtention of Cellulose Acetate Nanofibers From Sugar Cane Bagasse

Efren De Jesus Muñoz Prieto


Cellulose is one of the oldest natural polymers, it is renewable, biodegradable, and can be derivatized to manufacture useful products. The electrospinning, a technique for the manufacture of nanofibers, has garnered attention in recent years due to its versatility and potential for applications in various fields such as biomedicine, tissue engineering and
also filtration. In this study, cellulose acetate fibers have been obtained by electrospinning. To achieve these results, the cellulose was initially obtained from the sugar-cane bagasse of local plantations in Moniquira, Boyaca, then cellulose was modified to obtain cellulose acetate, which has enhanced properties for electrospinning. Yarn parameters were determined, such as needle-manifold distance, flow rate, voltage and polymer concentration, among others. Instrumental
analyses were carried out including Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). As a result, cellulose acetate fibers were obtained with an average diameter of 258 nm, with excellent properties such as temperature resistance. This was done in order to continue the work on nanofiber functionalization, as for example, cationization of cellulose and further addition of
reactive dyes.

Palabras clave

Electrospinning; Nanofibers; Bagasse; Cellulose Acetate; Cellulose

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


M. Ahmed, S. Azizi, F. Alloin, and A. Dufresne, “Review of Recent Research into Cellulosic Whiskers, Their Properties and Their Application in Nanocomposite Field,” pp. 612-626, 2005.

J. Simon, H. P. Miller, R. Koch, and V. Miiller, “Thermoplastic and biodegradable polymers of cellulose”, vol. 3910, no. 97, pp. 107-115, 1998.

W. Sn, “Sugarcane Bagasse: How Easy Is It to Measure Its Constituents?”, pp. 266-273, 2008.

A. Awal, S. B. Ghosh, and M. Sain, “Development and morphological characterization of wood pulp reinforced biocomposite fibers,” J. Mater. Sci., no.June, pp. 2876-2881, 2009.

A. Alemdar and M. Sain, “Biocomposites from wheat straw nanofibers?: Morphology, thermal and mechanical properties,” Compos. Sci. Technol., vol.68, pp. 557-565, 2008.

D. Klemm, F. Kramer, S. Moritz, T. Lindström, M.Ankerfors, D. Gray, and A. Dorris, “Nanocelluloses:A New Family of Nature-Based Materials,” Angew.Chemie Int. Ed., pp. 5438-5466, 2011.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.19053/01217488.v8.n2.2017.4674

Métricas de artículo

Vistas de resumen

Cargando métricas ...

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Copyright (c) 2017 CIENCIA EN DESARROLLO

Licencia de Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

Sede Central Tunja–Boyacá–Colombia
Avenida Central del Norte 39-115
PBX: (57+8) 7405626
portalweb@uptc.edu.co Comentarios de este sitio
Horario de atención y servicio telefónico
8:00 a.m. a 12:00 m y 2:00 p.m a 6:00 p.m.

Atención al Ciudadano
Línea Gratuita: 01 8000 942024
Tel: (57+8) 7428263
Notificaciones Judiciales
Notificaciones de aviso

Institución de Educación Superior sujeta a inspección y vigilancia por el Ministerio de Educación Nacional
Sistema OJS - Metabiblioteca |