Focus and Scope


Apuntes del CENES is a biannual publication of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, which from its inception in September 1981 until today has generated a scientific forum to publish the written work of scholars and national and foreign researchers on issues related to economic theory, economic policy, regional economics, finance and other topics regarding economics in national and international context.

Target Audience

Apuntes del CENES is aimed at academic and research communities of public and private, national and international institutions and others interested in issues related to the economy, research and development. This journal is distributed through exchanges with centers and research groups as well as libraries and schools of economic, administrative and social sciences of the main universities in Colombia, Latin America and elsewhere.


The journal Apuntes del CENES has as its mission to contribute to economic and academic development, as well as to the progress of the socio-political environment of Ibero-American countries and the rest of the world, based on the quality of published research.

Peer Review Process

The postulated articles will be submitted to an editorial process that will be carried out as follows: The articles received will be evaluated by the members of the Scientific / Editorial Committee, the Editor and the editorial assistant, who will determine the pertinence of their evaluation. Once established that the article meets the thematic requirements, in addition to the editorial standards indicated in these instructions, will be sent to two referees (peer reviewers external to the publishing institution), who will determine anonymously:

a. to publish without changes
b. publish after making adjustments, whether minor or important; and
c. do not publish

 In case of discrepancy between the arbitrators, the text will be sent to a third party, whose decision will define its publication.

∙ The arbitration process of the articles is done in double blind mode, guaranteeing the confidentiality and anonymity of authors and arbitrators. In case of discrepancy between both results, the text will be sent to a third arbitrator, whose decision will define its publication.
∙ When an article or essay is classified as "publishable with adjustments," the concept or concepts that support it are put to the author's consideration to effect the proposed reforms. The review team will inform the author (s) during the different stages of the editorial process.
Evaluation Times: The process of evaluating a document takes about six (6) months between the call of the evaluators, their acceptance and delivery of the concept. This period may be longer or shorter and depends mainly on the achievement of the relevant evaluator, his notification of acceptance of the evaluator and his promptness in sending the concept.
Delivery of corrections: If the concepts of the pairs suggest slight modifications, the authors must adhere to a timeline that does not exceed eight (8) weeks. If an article receives concepts that suppose substantial modifications, and the committee considers that it can be accepted for a new cycle of evaluations, the authors will have to remit their adjustments in a period no longer than 16 weeks. In all cases, an attached report must be submitted, relating the changes that were made to the proposal.
Rejection of articles: The purpose of the evaluation process in the Journal Apuntes of CENES, besides validating the advances in knowledge in our thematic areas, is to offer an opportunity to authors to improve their proposals and refine their approaches, towards construction of more solid items. In this regard, we hope that the authors will benefit from the comments of the evaluators when their document is discarded for publication.
Although the journal is willing to receive re-considered articles, the authors are asked not to submit a corrected version of a rejected article until the next call. The author must inform the editor in detail that the article has been restructured according to the previous comments. The editor will inform the authors of the time they should wait, if they express interest in resubmitting their article. The definitive rejection of an article will be given when it does not correspond to the editorial or thematic line of the journal.

Notes of interest: The Editor and the Editorial Committee of the journal Apuntes del CENES, are the instances that decide the publication of the originals. We clarify that the sending of material does not oblige its publication. The errors of format and presentation, the non-compliance with the rules of the journal or the orthographic and syntactic incorrectness, may be reason for rejection of the work without passing it to evaluation.

Apuntes del CENES may publish, in case it has been found, the following scientific malpractices: plagiarism, falsification or invention of data, individual appropriation of collective authorship and duplicate publication for it, all articles are submitted to the  Turnitin anti-plagiarism software.

The articles will be received taking into account the dates established in the call
s for papers.
If the journal's coordination does not acknowledge receipt of a job submission within a period of eight (8) days or if it has not received a response to any type of message within that period, please redirect its message to the email:

The editorial team will inform the author (s) during the different stages of the editorial process.

Publication Frequency

Apuntes del CENES is a biannual publication (published in January and June).
Articles will be received given the dates set out in the calls.

Open Access Policy

Apuntes del Cenes provides immediate open access to its content, based on the principle that providing the public with free access to research helps a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Publishing and reproduction of titles, abstracts and full content for academic, scientific, cultural and nonprofit purposes is allowed, when the respective source is acknowledged. This work cannot be used for commercial purposes.

Apuntes del is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
Apuntes del Cenes  does not charge authors for submission or publication

The journal is licensed by Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional


Statement Of Ethics And Best Practices

Ethical guidelines for publishing (The following guidelines are based on existing ELSIEVER policies and best practice guidelines for editors of scientific journals COPE)

Apuntes del Cenes is a double-blind, peer-reviewed publications. Since inception, the Apuntes del Cenes has been committed to delivering high quality research output and upholding high standards with respect to publication ethics and publication malpractice. In line with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Apuntes del Cenes has developed the following criteria for all of the relevant parties involved in the entire publication process.

Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia as editor of Apuntes del CENES, is aware of its duties at all stages of a serious publication, declares the recognition of its own ethical responsibilities and those of its peers.  Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia is committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenues have no impact or influence on editorial decisions. Besides, the Publishing House of the University and the Editorial Board of the journal are based on communication with other journals and/or publishers, wherever useful and necessary.

The publisher and Apuntes del Cenes have a policy of “Zero Tolerance on the Plagiarism”. We check the plagiarism issue through two methods: reviewer check and plagiarism prevention tool (Turnitin). All submissions will be checked by Turnitin and before being sent to reviewers.

Duties of authors (These guidelines are based on the policies proposed by COPE and ElSEVIER).

Information Standards: The authors of the original research articles must give an accurate account of the works, as well as an objective discussion of their significance. The underlying data must be accurately represented in the document. The articles must be clear, detailed and have references to enable others to replicate the work. The fraudulent knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review articles and other professional publications must also be precise and objective and works of editorial opinion shall be clearly identified as such.

Retention and access to data: The authors are invited to provide the original data into a document for editing, and should facilitate public access to these data, or ensure the availability of data after publication.

Originality and plagiarism: Authors must be assured that they have written entirely original works, if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, they should ensure that these have been duly cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from passing a document of others as their own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of a document of others (without attributing acknowledgement), claiming as their own the results of research carried out by other. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical behavior, which is unacceptable in scientific publications.

Concurrent, multiple or redundant publication: In general, an author should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research published in more than one journal or primary publication. The presentation of the same manuscript to more than one journal is simultaneously unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit an article prior to consideration of another journal. The publication of some types of articles (for example, methodological guides, translations) in more than one magazine, is justifiable in some cases provided specific conditions are met. The authors and publishers of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication which should reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Proper attribution of sources: Always give proper recognition to the work of others. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without express written permission from the source. The information obtained in the course of confidential, such as arbitration manuscripts or grant applications services should not be used without the express written permission of the author of the work which the information is taken.

The authorship of the document: The authorship of the document should be limited to a maximum of three, which have made a significant contribution in the conception, design, execution and interpretation of the article. If there are other professionals who have participated in substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized and listed as contributors. The main author must ensure that all co-authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the document, agreeing unanimously submission for publication.

Conflicts of interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial conflict of interest or other interest that might arise in the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should have credits allocated to them. Some examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be manifest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership and professional fees, paid expert testimony, patent or registrations applications and scholarships or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest possible stage of the editorial process.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his article, it is his obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or editorial board and cooperate with the editor to remove or correct the document. If the editor finds out through a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the editor briefly correct the article and provide evidence to the author of the correctness of the original document.

All authors must fill and send back the next forms:

Form 6. Copyright Transfer Form

Form 7. Conflict Relation-Interests Form

Form 8. Compliance with Ethical and Scientific Principle

Form 9. Data Set


Duties of reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions: Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through communications with the author may also help improve the drafting and document quality. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and is in the heart of the scientific method. Apuntes del CENES shares the opinion of many researchers who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to participate fairly in the process of peer review.

Punctuality: Any selected referee who does not feel qualified to review the article should promptly report it is impossible to review its decision informing the editor.

Notice: All manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They should not be presented or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity: Comments should be carried out objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly, supported by arguments.

Proper recognition of sources: Reviewers should identify relevant published works which have not been cited by the authors. Any statement, observation, derivation, or argument has been previously registered should be accompanied by the appropriate citation. A reviewer should also call the attention of the editor of any substantial or partial similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any other published having personal knowledge of the document.

Disclosure of conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a paper presented at the selection process should not be used Authors' own research without the express written consent of the author. Inside information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not evaluate articles that have conflicts of interest resulting from the relationship or connections of competence, collaboration or otherwise with any of the authors, companies or institutions related texts to evaluate.

Our Policy Regarding Malpractice

About plagiarism:
The Journal is allowed to remember that the plagiarism in the articles will be penalized, vetoing the author (s) for two years. It is recalled that plagiarism is the action by which segments of works of other authors are reproduced or paraphrased without the corresponding referencing or recognition. It plagiarizes when:

- Fragments of the works of other people are included or used in the work without quotation marks or reference of the source.
- It is copied and pasted, directly, from other sources without referencing it or without indicating that it is a textual citation.
- Includes images, tables or diagrams without recognition of their origin.

It is pertinent to clarify that plagiarism, be it conscious or not, is a serious and judicializable fault.
In summary, when a work is submitted to the Journal, it is understood that the authors guarantee that:
- The work has not been previously published, nor is it being reviewed by another Magazine or physical or electronic means of disclosure.
- All authors endorse having reviewed and approved the final version of the document.
- If accepted, the work can not be reproduced in another place or language without citing the Journal.
- The authors authorize the Journal to perform an anti-plagiarism evaluation, using specialized software, of the work submitted.

Apuntes del Cenes has a policy of "Zero Tolerance with respect to Plagiarism". We check the problem of plagiarism through three methods: check by the committee, the reviewer and plagiarism prevention tool (Turnitin).

1. As soon as any alleged misconduct or unethical behaviour on the part of any author(s) or reviewer(s) comes to the attention of the editorial office, the Editor shall immediately begin a proper and thorough investigation. The accused shall be given an adequate opportunity to defend his/her actions and explain his/her position. Based on the available evidence, if it is ascertained that the breach is minor, the Editor shall give to the accused a written stern warning not to repeat the infraction in the future.
2. However, if the breach is determined to be of a serious nature, then the Editor shall inform the editorial advisors within the Apuntes del Cenes and a proper and thorough investigation will commence. The accused shall be given an adequate opportunity to respond to any allegation(s) of wrong doing. Based on available evidence, if the accused is found to be guilty of misconduct, then, in addition to a stern warning note, the employer of the accused shall be notified about the incident and/or the wrongdoer shall be permanently placed on a blacklist with regard to theApuntes del Cenes.
3. Alternatively, in the event that the available evidence does not lead to a finding of wrongdoing, the accused will be notified in writing of the conclusion of the investigation.
4. In dealing with ethical breach, Apuntes del Cenes shall not discriminate against any accused based on race, religion, gender, age, ethnicity, political belief, sexual orientation, country of origin, etc. All allegations shall be taken seriously and treated in the same manner until a final decision or definitive conclusion is reached.
5. The investigation process shall be carried out in such a way that details of the incident do not spread beyond those individuals with a need to know.


Functions of the scientific committee of the journal:

1. Provide support to the Editorial Committee and the Editor-Editor in formulating editorial policy.
2. Advise the Editorial Committee and the Editor-Director in defining the ethical and scientific quality parameters of the journal.
3. Invite recognized members of the national and international academic community to publish their papers.
4. Promote the dissemination of the journal in national and international academic circles.
5. Participate as evaluators of the papers received for publication or suggest other experts as academic peers.

Functions of the journal's editorial committee:

1. Establish joint editorial policy with the Director-Editor.
2. To propose to the Editor, in the cases he requests, the readers or evaluators for the articles postulated in the journal.
3. Serve as support for editorial coordination of the journal.
4. Promote the dissemination of the journal in national and international academic circles.
5. Participate as an evaluator of the papers received for publication or suggest other experts as academic peers.

Duties of the Editorial Board

Publication decisions: The editor of Apuntes del CENES (refereed by academic peer) and the Editorial Committee are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The approval of the work in question and its importance for researchers and readers are part of these decisions. The editor is guided by the policies of the Editorial Board of the magazine, invoking the in force legal aspects regarding libel, violation of copyright and plagiarism. The editor can seek support from other editors or reviewers for making this decision.

Fair play: An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy of the authors.

Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, if appropriate.

Disclosure of conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a manuscript submitted for publication in the journal should not be used in an editor's own without the express and written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Editors should not conceptualize on an article if it considers that the document may create conflicts of interest resulting from competitive relations or connections, collaboration or otherwise with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to magazines.

Participation and cooperation in investigations: The editor must respond when complaints arise regarding a published article, whose cooperation the respective credit claim. Such measures shall promptly notify the author of the article also apply due process to the request, shall also provide information deemed relevant to the competent institutions and research organizations, and if the complaint is sustained, the publication should make the correction, retraction The expression of concern, or other note, which may be relevant to clarify the situation. Every act of unethical conduct identified in the publication will be considered, albeit discovered years after publication.


Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas