Best practices of interoperability among heterogeneous software systems: a Semat-based representation

Main Article Content


Diana María Torres-Ricaurte
Carlos Mario Zapata-Jaramillo


Interoperability among heterogeneous software systems is a software quality sub-characteristic. Some methods for dealing with interoperability exhibit differences in aspects like generality, development method, and work products, among others. However, some authors understand interoperability as a non-functional requirement with general-purpose practices for identifying and specifying such requirement. Other authors assess and achieve interoperability by using work products falling beyond defined practices. Consequently, in this paper we propose four best practices in order to accomplish interoperability among heterogeneous software systems. Our best practices are represented with the Semat (Software Engineering Method and Theory) kernel, since it includes a language with simple and precise elements. Definition of interoperability best practices enables unification of the effort focused on software systems interoperability.


Article Details


The journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the published article, as long as the source, including the name of the Journal, author(s), year, volume, issue, and pages are cited.

The ideas and assertions expressed by the authors are their solely responsibility and do not represent the views and opinions of the Journal or its editors.

All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors  keep copyright, however, once the work in the Journal has been published, the authors must always allude to it.

The Journal allows and invites authors to publish their work in repositories or on their website after the presentation of the number in which the work is published with the aim of generating greater dissemination of the work.


[1] Systems and software Engineering-Systems and software Quality Requirements and Evaluation, ISO/ IEC 25000: 2014.

[2] C4ISR Interoperability Working Group, Levels of information systems interoperability (LISI). Washington, DC, 1998.

[3] L. Chung, B. A. Nixon, E. Yu, and J. Mylopoulos, Non-functional requirements in software engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2000. DOI:

[4] B. Paech and D. Kerkow, “Non-functional requirements engineering-quality is essential,” in Proc. 10th International Workshop on Requirements Engineering Foundation for Software Quality, Riga, Latvia, 2004, pp. 237-250.

[5] W. M. Farid, “The NORMAP Methodology: Lightweight Engineering of Non-functional Requirements for Agile Processes,” in Proc. 2012 19th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, Hong Kong, China, Dec. 2012, pp. 322-325. DOI:

[6] S. Supakkul, E. Oladimeji, and L. Chung, “Toward component non-functional interoperability analysis: A uml-based and goal-oriented approach,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration, Waikoloa, USA, 2006, pp. 351-358.

[7] I. Brito, A. Moreira, and J. Araújo, “A requirements model for quality attributes,” in Proc. Aspect-Oriented Requirements Engineering and Architecture Design, Enschede, Netherlands, 2002, pp. 1-7.

[8] C. M. Zapata (Traductor), I. Jacobson, P. P. W. Ng, P. E. McMahon, I. Spence, and S. Lidman, “La Esencia de la Ingeniería de Software: El Núcleo de Semat,” Revista Latinoamericana de Ingeniería de Software, vol. 1(3), pp. 71-78, Jun. 2013.

[9] I. Jacobson, P. Ng, P. McMahon, I. Spence, and S. Lidman, Kernel and Language for Software Engineering Methods (Essence), Needham, MA: OMG, 2014.


Download data is not yet available.