BrIM 5D models and Lean Construction for planning work activities in reinforced concrete bridges

Main Article Content


Omar Giovanny Sánchez-Rivera
José Alberto Galvis-Guerra
Hernán Porras-Díaz
Yerson Damián Ardila-Chacón
César Augusto Martínez-Martínez


Integrating Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Lean Construction (LC) can improve the reinforced concrete bridging planning process, due to the possibility of managing the project information with BIM to obtain accurate input data that benefit the application of LC principles. The application of BIM to bridges is called Bridge Information Modeling (BrIM). In this paper, we study the feasibility of jointly apply BrIM technology and LC philosophy, instead of the individual use of BrIM models for planning reinforced concrete bridges. We used an investigative approach based on a case study, divided into two stages: in the first, we planned the case study with BrIM 3D models; and in the second, with BrIM 5D models and LC. The integration of BrIM and LC improve the results of the project planning stage by early detecting problems and constraints; this detection has the visualization and information management advantages provided by BIM, which along with the application of LC principles improve project planning, and encourage waste reduction. 


Article Details


The journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the published article, as long as the source, including the name of the Journal, author(s), year, volume, issue, and pages are cited.

The ideas and assertions expressed by the authors are their solely responsibility and do not represent the views and opinions of the Journal or its editors.

All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors  keep copyright, however, once the work in the Journal has been published, the authors must always allude to it.

The Journal allows and invites authors to publish their work in repositories or on their website after the presentation of the number in which the work is published with the aim of generating greater dissemination of the work.


J. Gaitán, “Uso de la metodología BrIM (bridge information modeling) como herramienta para la planificación de la construcción de un puente de concreto en Colombia,” Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia, 2013.

W. C. Wang, S. W. Weng, S. H. Wang, et al., “Integrating building information models construction process simulations for project scheduling support,” Automation in Construction, vol. 37, pp. 68-80, Jan. 2014. DOI:

C. Chen, “Applying BIM and simulation to schedule construction projects,” M.S. Thesis, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 2011.

B. Koo, and M. Fisher, “Feasibility study of 4D CAD in comercial construction,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 126 (4), pp. 251-260, Jul. 2000. DOI:

A. Mahalingam, R. Kashyap, and C. Mahajan, “An evaluation of the applicability of 4D CAD on construction projects”, Automation in Construction, vol. 19 (2), pp. 148-159, Mar. 2010. DOI:

M. Marzouk, and M. Hisham, “Implementing earned value management using bridge information modeling,” Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 18 (5), pp. 1302-1313, May. 2014. DOI:

E. Mikulakova, et al., “Knowledge-based schedule generation and evaluation,” Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 24 (4), pp. 389-403, Nov. 2010. DOI:

M. Marzouk, and M. Hisham, “Applications of building information modeling in cost estimation of infrastructure bridges,” International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling, vol. 1 (2), pp. 17-29, Jun. 2012. DOI:

B. K. Al-Dosary, “Integrating 3D CAD and cost estimating at the conceptual design stage of bridge projects,” M.S Thesis, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, 2015.

Z. Mallasi, “Dynamic quantification and analysis of the construction workspace congestion utilising 4D visualization,” Automation in Construction, vol. 15 (5), pp. 640-655, Sep. 2006. DOI:

H. J. Wang, J.P Zhang, K.W. Chau, et al., “4D dynamic management for construction planning and resource utilization,” Automation in Construction, vol. 13 (5), pp. 575-589, Sep. 2004. DOI:

R. Al-Aomar, “Analysis of lean construction practices at Abu Dhabi construction industry,” Lean Construction Journal, pp. 105-121, 2012.

M. Tauriainen, P. Marttinen, B. Dave, and L. Koskela, “The effects of BIM and lean construction on design management practices,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 164, pp. 567-574, 2016. DOI:

Y. Arayici, P. Coates, L. Koskela, M. Kagioglou, C. Usher, and K. O’Reilly, “Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice,” Automation in Construction, vol. 20 (2), pp. 189-195, Mar. 2011. DOI:

L. Koskela, “Application of the new production philosophy to construction,” CIFE Center for Integrated Facility Engineering - Stanford University, vol. 72, pp. 1-87, 1992.

H. Porras, O. Sánchez, and J. Galvis, “Filosofía lean construction para la gestión de proyectos de construcción: una revisión actual,” Revista Avances Investigación en Ingeniería, vol. 11 (1), pp. 10-32, Jun. 2014.

T. Nath, M. Attarzadeh, L.K. Tiong, et al., “Productivity improvement of precast shop drawings generation through BIM-based process re-engineering,” Automation in Construction, vol. 54, pp. 54-68, Jun. 2015. DOI:

H. M. Shin, H. M. Lee, S. J. Oh, et al., “Analysis and design of reinforced concrete bridge column based on BIM,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 14, pp. 2160-2163, 2011. DOI:

L. Alarcón, and E. Pellicer, “Un nuevo enfoque en la gestión: La construcción sin pérdidas,” Revista de Obras Públicas, vol. 3, pp. 45-52, Feb. 2009.

Y. Kim, and G. Ballard, “Management thinking in the earned value method system and the last planner system,” Journal of Management in Engineering, vol. 26 (4), pp. 223-228, Oct. 2010. DOI:

G. Ballard, and G. Howell, “Lean project management,” Building Research & Information, vol. 31 (2), pp. 119-113, Jan. 2003. DOI: ⁄0961321031000083922.

O. Seppanen, G. Ballard, and S. Personen, “The combination of last planner system and location based management system,” Lean Construction Journal, pp. 43-54, 2010.

B. McGuire, R. Atadero, C. Clevenger, et al., “Bridge information modeling for inspection and evaluation,” Journal Bridge Engineering, vol. 21 (4), Apr. 2016. DOI:

X. Mao, and X. Zhang, “Construction process reengineering by integrating lean principles and computer simulation techniques,” Journal of construction Engineering and Management, vol. 134 (5), pp. 371-381, May. 2008. DOI:

H. Porras-Díaz, O. Sánchez, J. Galvis, et al., “Tecnologías “building information modeling” en la elaboración de presupuestos de construcción de estructuras en concreto reforzado,” Entramado, vol. 11 (1), pp. 230-249, Jun. 2015. DOI:

S. Senaratne, and A. Ekanayake, “Evaluation of application of lean principles to precast concrete bridge beam production process,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, vol. 18 (2), pp. 94-106, Jun. 2012. DOI:

R. Sacks, L. Koskela, B. Dave, et al., “Interaction of lean and building information modeling in construction,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 136 (9), pp. 968-980, Sep. 2010. DOI:

J. Won, J. Cheng, and G. Lee, “Quantification of construction waste prevented by BIM-based design validation. Case studies in South Korea,” Waste Management, vol. 49, pp. 170-180, Mar. 2016. DOI:

D. Bhargav, K. Sylvain, F. Kary, et al., “Opportunities for enhanced lean construction management using Internet of Things standards,” Automation in construction, vol. 61, pp. 86-97, Jan. 2016. DOI:

P. Simonsson, “Industrial bridge construction with cast in place concrete-new production methods and lean construction philosophies,” M.S Thesis, Lulea University of Technology, Lulea, Suecia, 2008.

B. K. Al-Dosary, “Integrating 3D CAD and cost estimating at the conceptual design stage of bridge projects”, M.S Thesis, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, 2015.

M. Marzouk, M. Hisham, and K. Al-Gahtani, “Applications of bridge information modeling in bridges life cycle,” Smart Structures and Systems, vol. 13 (3), pp. 407-418, Mar. 2014. DOI:

T. Kivimäki, and R. Heikkilä, “Integrating 5D product modelling to On-site 3D surveying of bridges,” in 26th international symposium on automation and robotics in construction (ISARC), pp. 445-450. 2009.

T. Kivimäki, and R. Heikkilä, “Bridge information modeling (BrIM) and model utilization at worksites in Finland,” in 27th international symposium on automation and robotics in construction (ISARC), pp. 505-513, 2010.

M. Abaud, F. Shanti, and A. Pratama, “Simulation of construction operation: search for a practical and effective simulation system for construction practitioners,” in Proceeding of the First Makassar International Conference on Civil Engineering, pp. 1311-1319, 2010.

C. S. Shim, N. R. Yun, and H. H. Song, “Application of 3D bridge information modeling to design and construction of bridges,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 14, pp. 95-99, 2011. DOI:

A. Nikakhtar, A. Hosseini, K. Wong, et al., “Application of lean construction principles to reduce construction process waste using computer simulation: a case study,” Int. J. services and operations management, vol. 20 (4), pp. 461-480, 2015. DOI:

S. A. Abbasian, A. Nikakhtar, and P. Ghoddousi, “Flow production of construction processes through implementing lean construction principles and simulation,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 4 (4), pp. 475-479, Aug. 2012. DOI:


Download data is not yet available.