Design and Implementation of a Low Power Wind Turbine Emulator Through the Induction Motor-Permanent Magnet Generator Arrangement

Main Article Content


David Felipe Bajonero-Sandoval
Jeyson Sanabria-Vargas
César Leonardo Trujillo-Rodriguez, Ph. D.


This paper presents the design and construction stage of a low power wind turbine emulator, which is used at the laboratory level, to reproduce different wind profiles. There are several types of wind emulators, among which the wind tunnel emulators stand out. These emulators use a motor with a propeller on their axis to obtain the desired wind speed. However, in the present work -and done from a computer- speed control is developed for a three-phase induction motor, thus driving a permanent magnet generator. The motor-generator group is controlled through a program developed in the Labview software. Also, it has the particularity of operating automatically, being able to load different speed data. Such data is associated with a particular power that takes into account the selected wind profile and can operate through manual control of the wind speed. However, this depends on the frequency given. The emulator operation is validated experimentally through two scenarios: the first one emulates the curve presented by the Eolos turbine and subsequently compares the results obtained, whereas the second one loads the wind profile of Uribía-Guajira -a region in Colombia-  achieving that the emulated wind profile can be accurately seen in the loaded wind profile.


Article Details


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors who publish in this Journal accept the following conditions:

a. The authors retain the copyright and transfer the right of the first publication to the journal, with the work registered under the Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use what is published as long as they mention the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.

b. Authors can make other independent and additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (eg, include it in an institutional repository or publish it in a book) provided they clearly indicate that the work It was first published in this Journal.

c. Authors are allowed and recommended to publish their work on the Internet (for example on institutional or personal pages) before and during the process.
review and publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges and a greater and faster dissemination of published work.

d. The Journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the content of the publication, as long as the source is cited, that is, the name of the Journal, name of the author (s), year, volume, publication number and pages of the article.

e. The ideas and statements issued by the authors are their responsibility and in no case bind the Journal.


[1] J. G. González-Hernández, and R. Salas-Cabrera, “Representation and estimation of the power coefficient in wind energy conversion systems,” Revista Facultad de Ingeniería, vol. 28 (50), pp. 77-90, 2019.

[2] F. Blaabjerg, Z. Chen, and S. B. Kjaer, “Power electronics as efficient interface in dispersed power generation systems,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 19 (5), pp. 1184-1194, 2004.

[3] Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century-REN21, Renewables 2015: Global Status, REN21 Secretariat, Paris, France, 2015.

[4] Global Wind Energy Council-GWEC, Global Wind Report 2014, Global Wind Energy Council, Brussels, Belgium, 2015.

[5] I. Khorsand, C. Kormos, E. G. Macdonald, and C. Crawford, “Wind energy in the city: An interurban comparison of social acceptance of wind energy projects,” Energy Research & Social Science, vol. 8, pp. 66-77, 2015.

[6] Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética-UPME, Plan de Expansion de Referencia Generación Transmisión 2015-2029, Ministerio de Minas y Energía de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia, 2016.

[7] I. Moussa, A. Bouallegue, and A. Khedher, “New wind turbine emulator based on DC machine: Hardware implementation using FPGA board for an open-loop operation,” IET Circuits, Devices & Systems, vol. 13 (6), pp. 896-898, 2019.

[8] M. El Mokadem, V. Courtecuisse, C. Saudemont, B. Robyns, and J. Deuse, “Experimental study of variable speed wind generator contribution to primary frequency control,” Renewable Energy, vol. 34 (3), pp. 833-844, 2009.

[9] J. M. Guerrero, C. Lumbreras, D. D. Reigosa, P. Garcia, and F. Briz, “Control and Emulation of Small Wind Turbines Using Torque Estimators,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 53 (5), pp. 4863-4876, 2017.

[10] F. Martinez, L. C. Herrero, and S. de Pablo, “Open loop wind turbine emulator,” Renewable Energy, vol. 63, pp. 212-221, 2014.

[11] N. Thodsaporn, C. Choorak, and V. Kinnares, “Wind turbine simulator based grid connected asymmetrical two-phase induction generator,” in 18th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, 2016.

[12] Z. Dekali, L. Baghli, and A. Boumediene, “Experimental Emulation of a Small Wind Turbine under Operating Modes Using DC Motor,” in 4th International Conference on Power Electronics and their Applications, 2019.


Download data is not yet available.