Efectos de sitio por resonancia geométrica

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Autores

Juan Diego Jaramillo, Juan David Gómez y Doriam Restrepo

Abstract

Las  características  de  los movimientos  sísmicos  se modifican  cuando  las  ondas  cambian  de medio  de
propagación, el contacto entre el suelo y el aire es uno de estos casos, al igual que el contacto entre la corteza y  los  depósitos  de  suelo  superficiales,  a  estas modificaciones  del movimiento  se  les  denomina efectos locales, y se deben no sólo al contraste entre las  propiedades mecánicas  de  los  dos medios  en contacto,  sino  a  la  geometría  del  contacto. En  este artículo se caracterizan algunos efectos locales debidos a  la  geometría  del  contacto  entre  el medio  de propagación y la superficie. Para resolver el problema se utiliza, en  los casos más complejos, el método de elementos  de  frontera,  porque  permite modelar  de
manera exacta la condición de radiación, y para casos
más simples, pero muy ilustrativos, se utiliza la teoría
de rayos.

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