Diseño e implementación de un sistema de control activo de ruido (CAR) desarrollado en tecnología FPAA

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Autores

Jorge Enrique Mondragón Estupiñan
Francisco Ernesto Moreno García
Marlon Mauricio Hernández Cely
José Armando Becerra Vargas

Abstract

Presenta el diseño e implementación de un sistema de Control Activo del Ruido (CAR) en un sistema de arreglos análogos como controlador (FPAA). El principio de funcionamiento de esta metodología de control es el fenómeno de interferencia destructiva y superposición lineal de ondas, la idea es generar una señal idéntica a la señal de ruido que se desea cancelar, logrando atenuar el ruido que se propaga en el interior del entorno acústico. Para la validación de esta aplicación se construyó un prototipo experimental, durante las pruebas realizadas se lograron atenuar niveles de presión sonora en el orden de los 20 a 40 dB, dependiendo la frecuencia fundamental del ruido. El desarrollo de este proyecto es un aporte a la solución de problemas y a la generación de alternativas de bajo costo para la adquisición y adaptación tecnológica en el área de comunicaciones industriales y automatización industrial en la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander-Colombia.

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