Characterization of Green Infrastructure at the Local Level with Geographical Information System, Tunja (Colombia)

Main Article Content

Autores

Cristian Camilo Hernández-Rojas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8394-0158
Rigaud Sanabria-Marín, Ph. D. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3914-3407

Abstract

This article presents a characterization of the areas likely to integrate a Green Infrastructure (GI) for the Tunja city at local scale and spatial analysis is mainly applied to the land cover and land use of the study area. To identify the areas that could be integrated into the GI, four thematic dimensions were first zoned (ecological connectivity, multifunctionality, ecological status and accessibility to the population); they were later normalized on a scale of 1 to 10 to make them comparable; the dimensions were combined by an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and finally those areas whose pixel values ​​were above the third quartile were selected in the integration of the dimensions. The zoned dimensions the following weights were obtained: ecological connectivity (48%), multifunctionality (30%), ecological status (13%) and accessibility to the population (9%). It was found that the main areas likely to integrate into the GI are concentrated in the western fringe of the city; however, the northwestern area has a greater fragmentation and lower ecological status than the southwestern zone (which refers mainly to the Protective Forest Reserve El Malmo). Likewise, several areas or patches were identified to the south of the city (referring mainly to wooded areas and presence of wetlands) as well as small wooded areas in the urban perimeter, but with greater isolation among the other areas of GI. Within the urban perimeter the zoning of areas that could be integrated into a GI was practically null.

Keywords:

Article Details

Licence

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors who publish in this Journal accept the following conditions:

a. The authors retain the copyright and transfer the right of the first publication to the journal, with the work registered under the Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use what is published as long as they mention the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.

b. Authors can make other independent and additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (eg, include it in an institutional repository or publish it in a book) provided they clearly indicate that the work It was first published in this Journal.

c. Authors are allowed and recommended to publish their work on the Internet (for example on institutional or personal pages) before and during the process.
review and publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges and a greater and faster dissemination of published work.

d. The Journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the content of the publication, as long as the source is cited, that is, the name of the Journal, name of the author (s), year, volume, publication number and pages of the article.

e. The ideas and statements issued by the authors are their responsibility and in no case bind the Journal.

References

[1] Comisión Europea, Construir una infraestructura verde para Europa. Oficina de Publicaciones Oficiales de la Unión Europea, Luxemburgo. pp. 1-24. 2014. https://doi.org/10.2779/2738.

[2] M. Canto, “La ordenación de la Infraestructura Verde en el sudeste Ibérico (Comunidad Valenciana, España),” Cuadernos de Biodiversidad, vol. 45, pp. 10-22, 2014. https://doi.org/10.14198/cdbio.2014.45.03.

[3] Environmental Systems Research Institute-ESRI, Green Infrastructure for the US: Maps and Apps to connect the most valuable landscapes in the nation. United States of America, pp. 1-35, 2016. Available at: https://www.naco.org/sites/default/files/event_ attachments/ESri_Green_Infrastructure_Booklet.pdf.

[4] A. Vásquez, “Infraestructura verde, servicios ecosistémicos y sus aportes para enfrentar el cambio climático en ciudades: el caso del corredor ribereño del río Mapocho en Santiago de Chile,” Revista de Geografía Norte Grande, vol. 63, pp. 63-86, 2016. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34022016000100005.

[5] S. Jones, and C. Somper, “The role of green infrastructure in climate change adaptation in London,” The Geographical Journal, vol. 180 (2), pp. 191-196, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12059.

[6] O. Moreno, C. Lillo, and V. Gárate, “La infraestructura verde como espacio de integración: análisis de experiencias y estrategias sustentables para su consideración en la planificación, diseño y gestión del paisaje en la Intercomuna Temuco - Padre las Casas, Chile,” in XI Simposio de la Asociación Internacional de Planificación Urbana y Ambiente, Argentina, 2014. Available at: https://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/53434.

[7] Environmental Systems Research Institute-ESRI, Planning a Sustainable Community Begins with You: Six Step Process to Green Infrastructure. United States of America, 2018. Available at: https://www.esri.com/about-esri/greeninfrastructure/plan.

[8] F. Aguilera, V. Rodríguez, and M. Gómez, “Definición de infraestructuras verdes: una propuesta metodológica integrada mediante análisis espacial,” Documents D'Anàlisi Geogràfica, vol. 64 (2), pp. 313-337, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/dag.419.

[9] C. Liquete, S. Kleeschulte, G. Dige, J. Maes, B. Grizzetti, B. Olah, and G. Zulian, “Mapping green infrastructure based on ecosystem services and ecological networks: A Pan-European case study,” Environmental Science & Policy, vol. 54, pp. 268-280, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2015.07.009.

[10] F. Remolina, “Figuras municipales de conservación ambiental en Colombia: ¿áreas protegidas, redes ecológicas o infraestructuras verdes?,” Revista nodo, vol. 11 (6), pp. 65-76, 2011.

[11] Alcaldía municipal de Tunja, Análisis de la situación de salud con el modelo conceptual de determinantes sociales de la salud. Colombia, pp. 1-138, 2013. Available at: https://www.boyaca.gov.co/SecSalud/images/Documentos/ASIS_2013/ASIS%20%TUNJA%202013.pdf.

[12] M. Rincón, “Procesos de transformación urbana: El caso de Tunja 1900-2005,” Perspectiva Geográfica, vol. 1 (14), pp. 13-44, 2009.

[13] J. Marull, and J. Mallarach, “La conectividad ecológica en el Área Metropolitana de Barcelona,” Ecosistemas, vol. 2, pp. 1-22, 2002.

[14] J. Mallarach, Análisis y diagnóstico de la conectividad ecológica y paisajística en el sector sur del Anillo Verde de Vitoria-Gasteiz: Estudio de opciones y alternativas para maximizar el beneficio social y ecológico de los enlaces potenciales del Anillo Verde con los Montes de Vitoria. Vitoria-Gasteiz, pp. 1-21, 2004.

[15] J. Marull, “Metodologías paramétricas para la evaluación ambiental estratégica,” Ecosistemas, vol. 2, pp. 1-9, 2005.

[16] Unidad de Planificación Rural Agropecuaria-UPRA, Evaluación de Tierras para la Zonificación con fines Agropecuarios: Metodología a Escala General (1:100.000). Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, Colombia, pp. 1-111, 2013. Available at: https://www.upra.gov.co/documents/10184/13821/Metodolog%C3%ADa_Evaluaci%C3%B3n_de_Tierras+1-100000.pdf.

[17] L. García Leyton, Aplicación del análisis multicriterio en la evaluación de impactos ambientales, Doctoral thesis, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Departament de Projectes d’Enginyeria, 2004. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/6830.

[18] K. McGarigal, Fragstats Help. University of Massachusetts, Amherst. pp. 1-182. 2015. Available at: https://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html.

[19] Universidad Nacional De Colombia, Primera Revisión POT de Tunja: Anexo Técnico Físico Biótico. Alcaldía de Tunja, Colombia, pp. 1-111, 2014.

[20] A. Acero, and F. Cortés, “Propagación de especies nativas de la microcuenca del río La Vega, Tunja, Boyacá, con potencial para la restauración ecológica,” Ciencias Naturales, vol. 38 (147), pp. 195-205, 2014.

[21] Corpoboyacá, Cartilla Plan de Manejo Ambiental Acuífero de Tunja, pp. 1-32. Available at: https://www.corpoboyaca.gov.co/nuestra-gestion/planes/plan-de-manejo-ambiental-acuifero-de-tunja/.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.