Bloque de tierra comprimida como material constructivo

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Autores

Karen Tatiana Arteaga Medina
Óscar Humberto Medina
Óscar Javier Gutiérrez Junco

Abstract

La construcción con tierra es poco usada en la actualidad debido a la falta de difusión e investigación, y a que es relacionada con la pobreza, por ende, se desaprovechan muchas de sus ventajas, como la abundancia demateria prima, la localización, la disponibilidad, el reciclaje, la producción sin consumo de energía (calorífica), el bajo costo y la resistencia –con un adecuado estudio del material tierra, de la estructuración y del suelo de fundación–, otras de sus ventajas son el aislamiento térmico y acústico. Con el paso del tiempo se han mejorado las técnicas constructivas con tierra, realizando estabilizaciones e implementando el uso de maquinaria y herramienta mecánica para elaborar bloques de tierra comprimida, y así facilitar el trabajo y obtener mayor rendimiento. Este artículo presenta la tierra como material constructivo, las técnicas o sistemas constructivos, los bloques de tierra comprimida (BTC) y algunos ensayos realizados a estos bloques.

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