Computational simulation of concentration by osmotic evaporation of passion fruit juice (Passiflora edullis)

Main Article Content


Freddy Forero-Longas
Adriana Patricia Pulido-Díaz
Kelly Johana Pedroza-Berrio


This study aimed at implementing a comprehensive strategy for the multiphysics simulation of the osmotic evaporation process applied in the concentration of passion fruit juice. The phenomena of mass and momentum transfer were analyzed in Comsol® and Matlab®, using a two-dimensional axial geometry as a simplification of the membrane module. Computer simulations were validated through comparisons with experimental data obtained from osmotic evaporation of passion fruit juice previously ultrafiltrated. The juice was concentrated to 52.25 ± 0.36 (°Brix) of soluble solids, reaching a final flux of 0.63 (kg/m2h) after 6 hours. The concentrate retained the organoleptic and physicochemical quality characteristics of the original juice when it was reconstituted in water. The models and simulations developed can be used to describe, analyze, and efficiently improve the osmotic evaporation process applied to the concentration of juices.


Article Details


All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors who publish in this Journal accept the following conditions:

a. The authors retain the copyright and transfer the right of the first publication to the journal, with the work registered under the Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use what is published as long as they mention the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.

b. Authors can make other independent and additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (eg, include it in an institutional repository or publish it in a book) provided they clearly indicate that the work It was first published in this Journal.

c. Authors are allowed and recommended to publish their work on the Internet (for example on institutional or personal pages) before and during the process.
review and publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges and a greater and faster dissemination of published work.

d. The Journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the content of the publication, as long as the source is cited, that is, the name of the Journal, name of the author (s), year, volume, publication number and pages of the article.

e. The ideas and statements issued by the authors are their responsibility and in no case bind the Journal.


[1] W. Kujawski, A. Sobolewska, K. Jarzynka, C. Guell, M. Ferrando, and J. Warczok, “Application of osmotic membrane distillation process in red grape juice concentration,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 116 (4), pp. 801-808, Jun. 2013. DOI:

[2] A. L. R. Souza, M. M. Pagani, M. Dornier, F. S. Gomes, R. V. Tonon, and L. M. C. Cabral, “Concentration of camu–camu juice by the coupling of reverse osmosis and osmotic evaporation processes,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 119 (1), pp. 7-12, Nov. 2013. DOI:

[3] F. L. Forero, C. A. P. Vélez, and A. P. A. Sandoval, “Ultrafiltration and osmotic evaporation applied to the concentration of cholupa (passiflora maliformis) juice,” Ingenieria e Investigacion, vol. 33, pp. 35-40, 2013.

[4] F. Forero Longas, A. P. Pulido Díaz, and S. A. Cabrera Navarro, “Modelación y simulación computacional del proceso de evaporación osmótica,” Tecnura, vol. 20 (49), pp. 29-44, Sep. 2016. DOI:

[5] R. C. Castro-Domingues, A. Araujo-Ramos, V. Luiz-Cardoso, and M. H. Miranda-Reis, “Microfiltration of passion fruit juice using hollow fibre membranes and evaluation of fouling mechanisms,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 121, pp. 73-79, Jan. 2014. DOI:

[6] D. M. Warsinger, J. Swaminathan, E. Guillen-Burrieza, H. A. Arafat, and J. H. Lienhard, “Scaling and fouling in membrane distillation for desalination applications: A review,” Desalination, vol. 356, pp. 294-313, Jan. 2015. DOI:

[7] A. P. Pulido-Díaz, F. Forero-Longas, and S. A. Cabrera-Navarro, “Evaporación osmótica: fundamentos y aplicaciones en la concentración de jugos de fruta,” Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial, vol. 14 (2), pp. 135-144, 2016. DOI:

[8] C. Zambra, J. Romero L. Pino, A. Saavedra, and J. Sanchez, “Concentration of cranberry juice by osmotic distillation process,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 144, pp. 58-65, Jan. 2015. DOI:

[9] M. A. E.-R. Abu-Zeid, Y Zhang, H. Dong, L. Zhang, H.-L. Zhen, and L. Hou, “A comprehensive review of vacuum membrane distillation technique,” Desalination, vol. 356, pp. 1-14, Jan. 2015. DOI:

[10] F. Forero Longas and C. A. Velez, “Analysing transfer phenomena in osmotic evaporation,” Ingenieria e Investigacion, vol. 31, pp. 40-49, 2011.

[11] F. Forero Longas and C. A. Vélez, “Optimization of the concentration by osmotic evaporation of passion fruit juice (Passifora edullis),” DYNA (Colombia), vol. 80, pp. 90-98, 2013.

[12] B. Chen, Z. Gao, W. Jin, and S. Zheng, “Analytical mass transfer solution of longitudinal laminar flow of Happel’s free surface model,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 54 (17-18), pp. 4000-4008, Aug. 2011. DOI:

[13] F. Vaillant, P. Millan, G. O’Brien, M. Dornier, M. Decloux, and M. Reynes, “Crossflow microfiltration of passion fruit juice after partial enzymatic liquefaction,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 42 (4), pp. 215-224, Dec. 1999. DOI:

[14] A. V. Bui, H. M. Nguyen, and M. Joachim, “Prediction of water activity of glucose and calcium chloride solutions,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 57 (3), pp. 243-248, May. 2003. DOI:

[15] A. V. Bui and M. H. Nguyen, “Prediction of viscosity of glucose and calcium chloride solutions,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 62 (4), pp. 345-349, May. 2004. DOI:

[16] G. J. Maximo, A. J. A. Meirelles, and E. A. C. Batista, “Boiling point of aqueous d-glucose and d-fructose solutions: Experimental determination and modeling with groupcontribution method,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 299 (1), pp. 32-41, Dec. 2010. DOI:

[17] A. Wahab and S. Mahiuddin, “Isentropic Compressibility and Viscosity of Aqueous and Methanolic Calcium Chloride Solutions,” Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, vol. 46 (6), pp. 1457-1463, Nov. 2001. DOI:

[18] C. Hongvaleerat, L. M. C. Cabral, M. Dornier, M. Reynes, and S. Ningsanond, “Concentration of pineapple juice by osmotic evaporation,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 88 (4), pp. 548-552, Oct. 2008. DOI:

[19] F. Tasselli, A. Cassano, and E. Drioli, “Ultrafiltration of kiwifruit juice using modified poly(ether ether ketone) hollow fibre membranes,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 57 (1), pp. 94-102, Oct. 2007. DOI:

[20] B. Ravindra Babu, N. K. Rastogi, and K. S. M. S. Raghavarao, “Concentration and temperature polarization effects during osmotic membrane distillation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 322 (1), pp. 146-153, Sep. 2008. DOI:

[21] S. Zhao, P. H. M. Feron, Z. Xie, J. Zhang, and M. Hoang, “Condensation studies in membrane evaporation and sweeping gas membrane distillation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 462, pp. 9-16, Jul. 2014. DOI:

[22] H. Yu, X. Yang, R. Wang, and A. G. Fane, “Numerical simulation of heat and mass transfer in direct membrane distillation in a hollow fiber module with laminar flow,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 384 (1-2), pp. 107-116, Nov. 2011. DOI:

[23] X. Yang, E. O. Fridjonsson, M. L. Johns, R. Wang, and A. G. Fane, “A non-invasive study of flow dynamics in membrane distillation hollow fiber modules using low-field nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 451, pp. 46-54, Feb. 2014. DOI:

[24] Y. M. Manawi, M. A. M. M. Khraisheh, A. K. Fard, F. Benyahia, and S. Adham, “A predictive model for the assessment of the temperature polarization effect in direct contact membrane distillation desalination of high salinity feed,” Desalination, vol. 341, pp. 38-49, May. 2014. DOI:

[25] R. Naim and A. F. Ismail, “Effect of fiber packing density on physical CO2 absorption performance in gas–liquid membrane contactor,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 115, pp. 152-157, Aug. 2013. DOI:

[26] M. Rezakazemi, S. Shirazian, and S. N. Ashrafizadeh, “Simulation of ammonia removal from industrial wastewater streams by means of a hollow-fiber membrane contactor,” Desalination, vol. 285, pp. 383-392, Jan. 2012. DOI:


Download data is not yet available.