Infestation, damage, and population dynamics of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae) in Bahia Concha, Santa Marta (Colombia)

Main Article Content

Autores

Manuel Socarrás
Hernando Suárez

Abstract

An experiment was conducted in the field and under laboratory conditions, in the farm El Centro located in Bahia Concha near Tayrona Park, Santa Marta (Colombia) and The Laboratory of Entomology at the University of Magdalena, respectively, during the first semester of 2004 and the second semester of 2005. Over an eight month period, the damage percentage, infestation, and population fluctuation were determined, as well as observations made, of natural enemies of the citrus crop miner Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae) in three species of citrus: tangelo Minneola, mandarin Clementina and common acid lime sown in an area of 14 ha. The results revealed an average 30.95% damage with the highest damage in lime of 47% at the mid-point of tree height. In mandarin, the damage was 36% and 18% in tangelo at the mid-point of tree height. The main population peaks were highest in September in mandarin and in November in lime. A direct relation between precipitation and population dynamics was observed. In the laboratory the parasite Elasmuis sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) emerged and, in the field, the most important predators identified were the wasp Polybia occidentalis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) and Chrysoperla sp. (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). C. reticulate x C. paradise. C. reticulata and C. limon. Field studies have revealed that P. citrella caused damage of 47% in lemon, 36% in mandarin and 18% in tangelo. Populations of the pest insect were important in September in mandarin and in November in lemon. A direct relation between precipitation and population dynamic were observed, while in the laboratory the parasitoid: Elasmus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) was identified, and in the field Polybia occidentalis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), were found to be the most effective predator.

Keywords:

Article Details

Licence

The copyright of the articles and illustrations are the property of the Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas. The editors authorize the use of the contents under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). The correct citation of the content must explicitly register the name of the journal, name (s) of the author (s), year, title of the article, volume, number, page of the article and DOI. Written permission is required from publishers to publish more than a short summary of the text or figures.

References

Debach, P. 1968 Control biológico de insectos plagas y malas hierbas. Primera Edición. Compañía Editorial Continental S.A., México. 929 p.

Bustillo, A. 1970 La mosca negra de los cítricos, un problema severo en el Tolima. Agricultura Tropical 26(10), 720-722.

Carrero, J. y S. Planes. 1994 Plagas del campo. Edición número 12. Editorial Mundi-Prensa, Madrid. pp. 359-547.

Castaño, O. 1995. El minador de los cítricos. Boletín Informativo Nº 2. Asociación Nacional de Productores de Cítricos, Pereira. 85 p.

Castaño, O. 1996. El minador de las hojas de los cítricos (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton). Memorias XXIII Congreso de la Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología. Cartagena de Indias, julio 17-19, 1996. pp. 9-23.

Cobo, M.G. y A. Tróchez. 1996a. Fluctuación del minador de la hoja de los cítricos Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae) con relación a su control natural y a la fisiología del cultivo). Memorias XXIII Congreso de la Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología. Cartagena de Indias, julio 17-19, 1996.

Cobo, M.G. y A. Tróchez. 1996b. Ciclo biológico y hospederos del minador de la hoja de los cítricos Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae) en el Valle del Cauca. Resúmenes XXIII Congreso Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología. Cartagena de Indias, julio 17-19, 1996. pp. 108.

Espadas, A.L. 1995 El minador de las hojas de los cítricos. Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton. Estrategias para un control eficaz. Phytoma Nº 68, 85 p.

García, G.E. 1995 Metodología para el control del minador de los brotes de los cítricos Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, Estrategias para un control eficaz. Phytoma Nº 68, 85 p.

Garrido, A. 1995. El Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, aspectos biológicos y enemigos naturales encontrados en España. Levante Agrícola, 13-21.

Peña, J.E. y R. Duncan. 1993. Control of citrus leaf miner in South Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort Soc. 106 p.

Peña, J.E. 1995 Informe de visita realizada a Colombia. Asocítricos, Pereira.

Rojas, A.J. y R.F. García. 1996. Control biológico natural del minador del follaje de los cítricos Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae). Resúmenes XXIII Congreso Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología. Cartagena de Indias, julio 17-19, 1996. pp. 110.

Suárez, G.H. y P.A. Marín. 2002. Los enemigos naturales de los insectos plagas. Colección Manuales de la Ingeniería Agronómica. Facultad de Ingeniería de Recursos Naturales, Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta. Manual Técnico Nº 1. 20 p.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.