Analysis of Satellite Images Using Deep Learning Techniques and Remotely Piloted Aircraft for a Detailed Description of Tertiary Roads

Análisis de imágenes satelitales usando técnicas de aprendizaje profundo y aeronaves remotamente pilotadas para la descripción a detalle de las vías terciarias

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Brayan-Daniel Sarmiento-Iscala
Fabián-Enrique Casares-Pavia
Yerson-Duvan Angulo-Rodríguez
Danilo-José Morales-Arenales

Abstract

This document presents the results of a proof of concept for describing with more detail the social and complementary infrastructure around the tertiary roads of the Taminango region in the department of Nariño, Colombia. A dataset with samples of free satellite images from Google Maps and OpenStreetMaps was obtained. Then, a supervised deep learning algorithm with FCN (Fully Convolutional Network) topology is applied for the points of interest labeling process and the identification of the state of the roads using Keras and TensorFlow. Subsequently, a system consisting of a desktop application and a mobile application that integrates the functionalities of the trained algorithm through an intuitive interface and simple logic that stimulates interaction with the consultant is proposed. The desktop application includes a GUI designed in Python for tagging points of interest. The mobile application was developed with Flutter and comprises a database with documentation of the routes and road network in the region. It includes an augmented reality system in Vuforia Engine and Unity with virtual content developed in Blender and SolidWorks; A 3D model of the map of the region has been recreated for easier interaction and visualization of the points of interest and the status of the studied roads. In addition, complementary information was collected through remotely piloted aircraft for data acquisition in environments difficult to access, and through the community participation for the description and identification of areas not visible on official maps or statistics. This study addresses a method for the classification and identification of state of tertiary road network of the studied region, as well as labeling points of interest for the efficient management of resources for the development of new infrastructure there.

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Author Biographies (SEE)

Maria-Camila Moreno-Vergara, Universidad de Pamplona

Roles: Supervision, Formal Analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – Review and editing.

Brayan-Daniel Sarmiento-Iscala, Universidad de Pamplona

Roles: Conceptualization, Investigation, Validation, Writing – Review and editing.

Fabián-Enrique Casares-Pavia, Universidad de Pamplona

Roles: Methodology, Conceptualization, Writing - Review and editing.

Yerson-Duvan Angulo-Rodríguez, Universidad de Pamplona

Roles: Investigation, Writing – Review and editing.

Danilo-José Morales-Arenales, Universidad de Pamplona

Roles: Validation, Writing – Review and editing.

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