Optical Transport Architecture for the Fronthaul Segment in a 5G NR Network based on Polarization and Wavelength Multiplexing





5G, polarization multiplexing, wavelength multiplexing, network slicing, fronthaul network, OFDM


This paper presents the design of an optical transport architecture for the fronthaul segment in a 5G New Radio (NR) network based on both polarization and wavelength multiplexing using Polarization Splitters (PS) and an Arrayed Waveguide Grating (AWG), respectively. The proposed architecture is assessed by the transport of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) services, which allows the definition of different numerologies and service profiles; those are key aspects in the framework of 5G RN. The proposed design shows a flexible and scalable management of numerologies per polarized light component, featuring a suitable response in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) and Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) measurements for 15 kHz, 30 kHz, and 60kHz subcarrier spacing of an OFDM based on 4QAM modulation format.


Download data is not yet available.


A. Ghosh, A. Maeder, M. Baker, D. Chandramouli, "5G Evolution: A View on 5G Cellular Technology Beyond 3GPP Release 15," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 127639-127651, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2939938

M. Agiwal, H. Kwon, S. Park, H. Jin, "A Survey on 4G-5G Dual Connectivity: Road to 5G Implementation," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 16193-16210, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3052462

M. Cantero, S. Inca, A. Ramos, M. Fuentes, D. Martín-Sacristán, J. F. Monserrat, "System-Level Performance Evaluation of 5G Use Cases for Industrial Scenarios," IEEE Access, vol. 11, pp. 37778-37789, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3266981

H. Yang et al., "Data-Driven Network Slicing From Core to RAN for 5G Broadcasting Services," IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 23-32, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBC.2020.3031742

H. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, M. Tornatore, "Energy-efficient dynamic lightpath adjustment in a decomposed AWGR-based passive WDM fronthaul," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 749-759, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.10.000749

A. Yazar, H. Arslan, "A flexibility metric and optimization methods for mixed numerologies in 5G and beyond", IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 3755-3764, 2018.

J. Flores de Valgas, J. F. Monserrat, H. Arslan, "Flexible Numerology in 5G NR: Interference Quantification and Proper Selection Depending on the Scenario," Mobile Information Systems, vol. 2021, e6651326, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6651326

B. Yang, L. Zhang, O. Onireti, P. Xiao, M. A. Imran, R. Tafazolli, "Mixed-Numerology Signals Transmission and Interference Cancellation for Radio Access Network Slicing," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 5132-5147, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2020.2989399

A. Kaloxylos, "A Survey and an Analysis of Network Slicing in 5G Networks," IEEE Communications Standards Magazine, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 60-65, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOMSTD.2018.1700072

C. L. Plazas, A. M. de Souza, D. R. Celino, M. A. Romero, “Optimization of arrayed waveguide grating-filtering response for efficient analog radio-over-fiber fronthaul over a wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical network,” Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, vol. 2021, no. 32, e4113. https://doi.org/10.1002/ett.4113

C. Xie et al., "Bidirectional WDM Multi-Nodes Analog Radio-Over-Fiber Mobile Fronthaul Link Enhanced by Photonic Integrated Devices," IEEE Photonics Journal, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1-7, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2022.3220821

Y. Nakamura, A. Kariyawasam, J. Maeda, "An Experimental Study on Polarization-Multiplexed Analog RoF Transmission," in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Pisa, Italy, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1109/MWP53341.2021.9639405

D. N. Nguyen et al., "Polarization Division Multiplexing-Based Hybrid Microwave Photonic Links for Simultaneous mmW and Sub-6 GHz Wireless Transmissions," IEEE Photonics Journal, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1-14, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2020.3036440

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, A. R. Islam, “On the Extended Relationships Among EVM, BER and SNR as Performance Metrics,” in International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, pp. 408-411, Dhaka, 2006.

NTT, Athermal AWG for narrow channel spacing DWDM system, 2023. https://www.ntt-electronics.com/en/products/photonics/athermal-awg_50ghz.html

Rohde & Schwarz, LTE: System Specifications and Their Impact on RF & Base Band Circuits, 2023. https://scdn.rohde-schwarz.com/ur/pws/dl_downloads/dl_application/application_notes/1ma221/1MA221_0e.pdf



  • Abstract
  • PDF

How to Cite

Balero-Lozada, I-K, Pérez-Mateus, C-A, & Puerto-Leguizamón, G-A. (2023). Optical Transport Architecture for the Fronthaul Segment in a 5G NR Network based on Polarization and Wavelength Multiplexing. Revista Facultad de Ingeniería, 32(65), e16054. https://doi.org/10.19053/01211129.v32.n65.2023.16054