Evaluation of different calcium grain sizes in laying hens diet

Rosa Angélica Sanmiguel-Plazas, Giovanny Rodrigo Mejía-Rojas, Luisa María Lozano-Covaleda, Román David Castañeda-Serrano

Abstract


The calcium grain size is important for absorption efficiency and calcification of the egg, especially when the bird’s feeding decreases. In recent years, several studies have evaluated the effect of different calcium grain sizes on the feeding of laying hens; however, the results are controversial. This research evaluates the effect of particle size on the posture rate, feed intake, egg weight, and feed conversion. 120 Hy-line White 90 weeks old laying hens, randomly distributed, received 4 treatments, each one with different calcium particle size: T1 =less than 1 mm, T2=3 mm, T3=6 mm, and T4=9 mm. Each treatment was repeated 10 times with 3 birds per experimental unit. The posture percentage showed a quadratic effect, with the percentage increasing as the particle size increased until T3; however, T4 was the treatment with the lowest posture percentage and feed intake. Although there were no significant differences between treatments for egg weight, feed conversion had the lowest value with T4. In conclusion, particle sizes of 3 mm and 6 mm have no adverse effects on animal performance parameters in 90 weeks old laying hens.


Keywords


calcium; laying hens; particle size.

References


(1) Hernández-Sánchez J, Cuca-García M, Pró-Martínez A, González-Alcorta M, Becerril-Pérez C. Nivel óptimo biológico y económico de calcio en gallinas Leghorn blancas de Segundo ciclo de postura. Agrociencia. 2006; 40: 49-57.

(2) Ahmed N, Abdel A, Elamin K, Dafalla K, Malik H, Dousa B. Effect of dietary calcium sources on laying hens performance and egg quality. J Anim Prod Adv. 2013; 3 (7): 226-231. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/japa.20130718034818.

(3) Cuca M, Valdes V, Pro A, Suarez M, Figueroa J, González M. Nivel de calcio y relación carbonato de calcio pulverizado: granulado y su efecto en producción de huevo y calidad del cascarón en gallinas pelechadas. Sitio Argentino de Producción Animal. 2007; 1-5.

(4) Etches R. Calcium. Logistic in the laying hen. The J. of nutr. 1987; 117(3): 619-625.

(5) Leeson. La nutrición y la calidad de la cáscara. Nutrición Aviar Comercial. 2000; 178-304.

(6) Mogyca N, Morais R, Barbosa A, Barcellos M, Stringhini J, Gonzales E. Granulometria do calcário no desempenho e qualidade da casca de ovos de codornas japonesas. Ciência Anim Bras. 2006; 7(4): 381-387.

(7) Tsuyoshi D, de Faria D, Aiko E, Junqueira O, de Araujo L. Efeitos do fracionamento do cálcio dietário e granulometria docalcário sobre o desempenho e qualidade dos ovos de ponedeiras comerciais. Acta Sci Anim Sci. 2006; 28(2): 187-195.

(8) Geraldo A. Níveis de cálcio e granulometrias do calcário para frangas de reposição no período de 3 a 12 semanas de idade. R. Bras. Zootec. 2006; 35(1): 113-118. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982006000100014.

(9) Pelicia K, Garcia E, Faitarone A, Silva A, Berto D, Molino A, Vercese F. Calcium and Available Phosphorus Levels for Laying Hens in Second Production Cycle. Brazilian J Poult Sci. 2009; 11(1): 39-49. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1516-635x2009000100007.

(10) Moraes E, Ramos N, Kleszcz F, Barbosa J. Granulometria do calcário: desempenho e qualidade dos ovos de poedeiras em final de produção. Zootecnia Trop. 2012; 30(4): 311-316.

(11) Cubillos. Enciclopedia de la inspección veterinaria y análisis de los alimentos. España, Espasa-Calpe. 2003; 965-990.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.19053/01228420.v13.n2.2016.5554

Article Metrics

Abstract Views
320




Metrics Loading ...
_

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Revista Ciencia y Agricultura - ISSN: 0122-8420

Indexed by: Publindex(Categoría B)REDIBDialnet, Gale Cengage-Informe Académico.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Licencia de Creative Commons

Los artículos de la Revista Ciencia y Agricultura son difundidos bajo Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA Y TECNOLÓGICA DE COLOMBIA
Sede Central Tunja–Boyacá–Colombia
Avenida Central del Norte 39-115
PBX: (57+8) 7405626
portalweb@uptc.edu.co Comentarios de este sitio
Horario de atención y servicio telefónico
8:00 a.m. a 12:00 m y 2:00 p.m a 6:00 p.m.

Atención al Ciudadano
Línea Gratuita: 01 8000 942024
Tel: (57+8) 7428263
quejas.reclamos@uptc.edu.co
Notificaciones Judiciales
Notificaciones de aviso

Institución de Educación Superior sujeta a inspección y vigilancia por el Ministerio de Educación Nacional
Sistema OJS - Metabiblioteca |