Apertura económica en colombia y el sector externo (1990 -2004)

Main Article Content


Aura Isabel Nájar Martínez


La transición de una economía proteccionista basada en el modelo de sustitución de importaciones, a un modelo neoliberal de apertura económica en la década de los noventa, trajo efectos a la economía colombiana, especialmente para la industria
nacional, el sector agrícola y el desarrollo de las pequeñas y medianas empresas colombianas, provocando un crecimiento de las exportaciones no tradicionales y generando un aumento en la entrada de divisas para el país.
Paralelo a ello, también se incrementaron las importaciones de bienes intermedios, de bienes de consumo no durable y bienes de capital, estos últimos principalmente dirigidos hacia el sector industrial y equipos de transporte, induciendo a una inestabilidad
en la balanza comercial, que se reflejó en un creciente déficit en la cuenta corriente de la balanza de pagos, la cual fue compensada con la entrada de capital de largo plazo y su correspondiente endeudamiento público, que aunado a otros factores de orden nacional, hicieron que se dilatara de 1991 a 2004 en US$16.734,5
millones el saldo de la deuda externa de mediano y largo plazo del Gobierno Nacional.

Article Details


By submitting articles for evaluation, the author agrees to transfer the publishing rights to Revista Apuntes del CENES for publishing in any format or mean and that the attached partial use license will be signed. To increase their visibility, documents are sent to databases and indexing systems also can be viewed on the website and Redalyc - EBSCO - ProQuest - EconLit - DOAJ -  Scielo - Dialnet - ESCI(WoS) - Latindex  - DOTEC - REPECERIH PLUS - The WZB library -  Actualidad Iberoamericana  -   Publindex  - VCU -  Econpapers - EconBib - Bibilat  -  REDIB  -   Crossref - Worldcat -  CLASE - SHERPA ROMEO - Academia - EconBiz - Socionet - Vlex

The journal is under licence Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

For CC licenses, the principle is the creative freedom. This system complements the copyright without oppose it. The content of the items is the responsibility of each author, and does not compromise in any way, magazine or institution.

Publishing and reproduction of titles, abstracts and full content for academic, scientific, cultural and nonprofit purposes is allowed, when the respective source is acknowledged. This work cannot be used for commercial purposes.

Apuntes del Cenes is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

Apuntes del Cenes  does not charge authors for submission or publication

Form 6 Copyright Transfer Form

When sending an article to submit to the Apuntes del CENES journal, the author(s) certify and accept:

1.That the article has not been accepted for evaluation in another journal, nor has it been published.
2.That, in case a publication of a previous version as a working paper (or 'gray literature') has been reported on a website, and that, in the case of publication being accepted, it will be removed from the Internet site, where
will leave only the title, abstract, keywords and hyperlink to the journal.

That once published in Apuntes del CENES will not be published in another magazine.


Download data is not yet available.