El Protocolo de Kyoto y el mercado de capitales: oportunidades y riesgos en el mercado financiero

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Autores

Clara Inés García Moreno

Abstract

El Protocolo de Kyoto estableció mecanismos financieros y creó un mercado de certificados de emisión con el objeto de flexibilizar y disminuir los costos de la reducción de emisiones de los países industrializados, el cual plantea una serie de oportunidades para los países en desarrollado. Los proyectos bajo el mecanismo de desarrollo limpio (MDL) plantean desde la estructuración hasta la emisión de los certificados, una serie de procesos dentro de los cuales se vislumbran oportunidades para el sector financiero en los proyectos y en el mercado de los certificados. Así mismo, la valoración ambiental por parte del sector financiero se perfila como un elemento a considerar en el futuro, por los riesgos que esta conlleva, en la medida que los proyectos objeto de crédito presenten dificultades en su ejecución por el no cumplimiento de las normas ambientales.

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