Mecanismos de adaptación a sequía en caupí (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). Una revisión

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Carlos Cardona Ayala
Alfredo Jarma Jarma Orozco
Hermes Araméndiz Tatis

Resumen

Este artículo presenta una revisión de los mecanismos de adaptación a sequía observados en fríjol caupí, mostrando las respuestas morfológicas, las relaciones hídricas e intercambio gaseoso, el ajuste osmótico, el sistema antioxidante y la actividad molecular. Se describen algunos indicadores que permiten la aproximación a un diagnóstico del nivel de estrés de las plantas tales como la relación raíz/parte aérea, densidad y profundidad de raíces, materia seca radical, área foliar específica, número de hojas y flores, senescencia foliar y abscisión foliar, componentes del rendimiento, conductancia estomática, transpiración, eficiencia en el uso del agua, contenido de osmolitos: prolina, glicina betaína y azucares, actividad de enzimas antioxidantes involucradas en procesos de detoxificación de las especies reactivas de oxígeno: catalasa, ascorbato peroxidasa, superóxido dismutasa y glutatión reductasa, así como la visualización de la frontera del conocimiento en este aspecto de gran importancia para el mejoramiento de la especie y los avances en biología molecular.

Detalles del artículo

Licencia

El copyright de los artículos e ilustraciones son propiedad de la Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas. Los editores autorizan el uso de los contenidos bajo la licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). La citación correcta de los contenido deben registrar de forma explícita el nombre de la revista, nombre(s) del (de los) autor(es), año, título del artículo, volumen, número, página del artículo y DOI. Se requiere un permiso escrito a los editores para publicar más que un resumen corto del texto o las figuras.

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