Selection of half-sib families of creole melon (Cucumis melo L.) on the Ecuadorian coast

Main Article Content

Autores

Francisco Espinosa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0161-6483
Franco Alirio Vallejo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2739-0745
Lauden Rizzo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0732-7036

Abstract

The creole melon cantaloupe is a horticultural species, whose fruits are used for human nutrition. However, no research has been reported on their genetic variability for starting breeding processes. The objective of this study was to take advantage of the variability of creole melons for genetic improvement. 20 creole melon half-sib families were selected and evaluated for production characteristics and fruit quality in order to obtain improved populations. The study was carried out in Palenque canton, Ecuador. Seeds from 20 half-sib families were used, arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The differences between the families were significant for all the studied characteristics. Family 93 presented higher averages for fruit weight, fruit diameter and production (per hectare), and family 196 did so for soluble solids. The phenotypic correlations were positive and significant between the fruit weight and fruit diameter, fruit length, pulp thickness, fruit cavity, soluble solids and production. The coefficients of genetic variation, in general, were lower than the coefficients of environmental variation. The estimates of heritability broadly had a moderate magnitude (30-60%) for the 10 evaluated characteristics, and the magnitude of the expected genetic progress was low (<10%) for the fruit weight, production, and soluble solids, so the selection for high production should focus on fruit weight and soluble solids.

Keywords:

Article Details

Licence

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The copyright of the articles and illustrations are the property of the Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas. The editors authorize the use of the contents under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). The correct citation of the content must explicitly register the name of the journal, name (s) of the author (s), year, title of the article, volume, number, page of the article and DOI. Written permission is required from publishers to publish more than a short summary of the text or figures.

References

Abraham, M.R., I. Espitia-Vázquez, R. Guzmán-Mendoza, V. Olalde-Portugal, G.M.L. Ruiz-Aguilar, J.L. García-Hernández, L. Herrera-Isidrón, and H.G. Núñez-Palenius. 2018. Development, yield, and quality of melon fruit (Cucumis melo L.) inoculated with mexican native strains of Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg). Agrociencia 52(1), 91-102.

Aragão, F.A., G.H. Souza Nunes, and M.A. Queiróz. 2015. Genotype x environment interaction of melon families based on fruit quality traits. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 15(2), 79-86. Doi: 10.1590/1984-70332015v15n2a15

Chacón, X. and M. García. 2016. Redes de custodios y guardianes de semillas y casas comunitarias de semillas nativas y criollas. Guía metodológica. Edición SWISSAID; Corporación Biocomercio Sostenible, Bogota.

Eguiarte, L.E., J.A. Aguirre-Liguori, L. Jardón-Barbolla, E. Aguirre-Planter, and V. Souza. 2013. Genómica de poblaciones: nada en evolución va a tener sentido si no es a la luz de la genómica, y nada en genómica tendrá sentido si no es a la luz de la evolución. TIP Rev. Esp. Cienc. Quím. Biol. 16(1), 42-56. Doi: 10.1016/S1405-888X(13)72077-1

FAO. 2014. Anuario Estadístico de la FAO: la Alimentación y la Agricultura en América Latina y el Caribe. Santiago: Oficina Regional de la FAO para América Latina y el Caribe, Santiago.

FAO. 2018. FAOSTAT – Crop. In: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC; consulted: March, 2018.

GADCQ, Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado del Cantón Quevedo. 2014. Plan de desarrollo y de ordenamieto territorial. Quevedo, Ecuador.

Guis, M., J.P. Roustan, C. Dogimont, M. Pitrat, and J.C. Pech. 1998. Melon biotechnology. Biotechnol. Genet. Eng. Rev. 15(1), 289-312.

INAMHI, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Ecuador. 2016. Boletín climático semestral. Quito.

Latrasse, D., N.Y. Rodriguez-Granados, A. Veluchamy, K.G. Mariappan, C. Bevilacqua, N. Crapart, C. Camps, V. Sommard, C. Raynaud, C. Dogimont, A. Boualem, M. Benhamed, and A. Bendahmane. 2017. The quest for epigenetic regulation underlying unisexual flower development in Cucumis melo. Epigenet. Chromatin 10, 22. Doi: 10.1186/s13072-017-0132-6

Monge, J.E. 2016. Evaluación de 70 genotipos de melón (Cucumis melo L.) cultivados bajo invernadero en Costa Rica. InterSedes 17(36). Doi: 10.15517/isucr.v17i36.26944

Monge-Pérez, J.E. 2013. Producción y exportación de melón (Cucumis melo) en Costa Rica. Tecnol. Marcha 27(1), 93-103. Doi: 10.18845/tm.v27i1.1700

Pavan, S., A.R. Marcotrigiano, E. Ciani, R. Mazzeo, V. Zonno, V. Ruggieri, C. Lotti, and L. Ricciardi. 2017. Genotyping-by-sequencing of a melon (Cucumis melo L.) germplasm collection from a secondary center of diversity highlights patterns of genetic variation and genomic features of different gene pools. BMC Genomics 18, 59. Doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-3429-0

Pitrat, M. 2008. Melon. pp. 283-315. In: Prohens, J. and F. Nuez (eds.). Handbook of plant breeding. Vol 1: vegetables I. Springer, New York, NY. Doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-30443-4_9

Pistorale, S.M., L.A. Abbott, and A. Andrés. 2008. Diversidad genética y heredabilidad en sentido amplio en agropiro alargado, Thinopyrum ponticum. Cien. Inv. Agr. 35(3), 259-264. Doi: 10.4067/S0718-16202008000300003

UPOV, Unión Internacional para la Protección de las Obtenciones Vegetales. 2008. Adenda del documento C/41/12 Add. Ginebra. In: http://www.upov.int/edocs/mdocs/upov/es/c/41/c_41_12_add.pdf; consulted: October, 2017.

Rakhi, R. and L. Rajamony. 2005. Short communication Variability , heritability and genetic advance in landraces of culinary melon (Cucumis melo L .). J. Trop. Agric. 43(1-2), 79-82.

Reddy, B.P.K., H. Begum, N. Sunil, and M.T. Reddy. 2013a. Variance component analysis of quantitative traits in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Trakia J. Sci. 11(2), 118-124.

Reddy, B.P.K., H. Begum, N. Sunil, M.T. Reddy, J.D. Babu, and R.S.K. Reddy. 2013b. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Suranaree J. Sci. Technol. 20(2), 135-149.

Sebastian, P., H. Schaefer, I.R.H. Telford, and S.S. Renner. 2010. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and melon (C. melo) have numerous wild relatives in Asia and Australia, and the sister species of melon is from Australia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(32), 14269-14273. Doi: 10.1073/pnas.1005338107

Wang, Y.-H., D.-H. Wu, J.-H. Huang, S.-J. Tsao, K.-K. Hwu, and H.-F. Lo. 2016. Mapping quantitative trait loci for fruit traits and powdery mildew resistance in melon (Cucumis melo). Bot. Stud. 57, 19. Doi: 10.1186/s40529-016-0130-1

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.