Evaluation of Parameters in the Removal of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate Anionic Surfactant Using Electrocoagulation

Main Article Content


Angel Villabona-Ortíz, M.Sc. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8488-1076
Candelaria Tejada-Tovar, M.Sc. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2323-1544
Lenis De-La-Rosa-Jiménez


The objective of the present investigation was to construct an electrocoagulation cell in a batch system and to evaluate its capacity to remove the anionic surfactant of the linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), which is present in gray water determining the effect of the type of electrodes (Al or Fe), distance between electrodes (1, 1.5 and 2 cm) and voltages (10, 15 and 20 V). The experimental tests were carried out for 20 min. The dimensions of the short wave electrolysis cell built in glass were 26 cm long, 7 cm wide and 12 cm high, with 10 electrodes of 12x6 cm supported by a PVC structure. The concentration of LAS in the solution was determined by employing UV-Vis spectrometry applying the Methylene Blue Active Substances (MBAS) method. A higher removal of 65.55% was obtained when aluminum electrodes were used, and 69.11% with iron electrodes a separation of 1.5 cm and a voltage of 20 V, presenting less change in pH, conductivity, and energy consumption when using the Al3 electrode. When evaluating the effect of time at the best experimental configuration (Al, 1.5 cm, 20 V) it was established that the removal efficiency increased to 75.13% in 60 min. Electrocoagulation with aluminum electrodes is presented as an efficient alternative for the removal of LAS in solution.


Article Details


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

All articles included in the Revista Facultad de Ingeniería are published under the Creative Commons (BY) license.

Authors must complete, sign, and submit the Review and Publication Authorization Form of the manuscript provided by the Journal; this form should contain all the originality and copyright information of the manuscript.

The authors who publish in this Journal accept the following conditions:

a. The authors retain the copyright and transfer the right of the first publication to the journal, with the work registered under the Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use what is published as long as they mention the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.

b. Authors can make other independent and additional contractual agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (eg, include it in an institutional repository or publish it in a book) provided they clearly indicate that the work It was first published in this Journal.

c. Authors are allowed and recommended to publish their work on the Internet (for example on institutional or personal pages) before and during the process.
review and publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges and a greater and faster dissemination of published work.

d. The Journal authorizes the total or partial reproduction of the content of the publication, as long as the source is cited, that is, the name of the Journal, name of the author (s), year, volume, publication number and pages of the article.

e. The ideas and statements issued by the authors are their responsibility and in no case bind the Journal.


[1] C. Juliano, G. A. Magrini, “Cosmetic ingredients as emerging pollutants of environmental and health concern. A mini-review,” Cosmetics, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 11, 2017. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics4020011

[2] C. Teodosiu, A. F. Gilca, G. Barjoveanu, S. Fiore, “Emerging pollutants removal through advanced drinking water treatment: A review on processes and environmental performances assessment,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 197, pp. 1210-1221, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.247

[3] C. Peña-Guzmán, S. Ulloa-Sánchez, K. Mora, R. Helena-Bustos, E. Lopez-Barrera, J. Alvarez, M. Rodriguez-Pinzón “Emerging pollutants in the urban water cycle in Latin America: A review of the current literature,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 237, pp. 408-423, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.100

[4] J. Martín, M. del M. Orta, S. Medina-Carrasco, J. L. Santos, I. Aparicio, E. Alonso, “Removal of priority and emerging pollutants from aqueous media by adsorption onto synthetic organo-funtionalized high-charge swelling micas,” Environmental Research, vol. 164, pp. 488-494, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.03.037

[5] A. A. Siyal, M. R. Shamsuddin, A. Low, N. E. Rabat, “A review on recent developments in the adsorption of surfactants from wastewater,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 254, e109797, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109797

[6] A. Shukla, S. P. Trivedi, “Anionic Surfactant, Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate Induced Oxidative Stress and Hepatic Impairments in Fish Channa punctatus,” Proceedings of the Zoological Society, vol. 71, pp. 382-389, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-017-0223-1

[7] J. J. Jiang, C. L. Lee, M. Der Fang, “Emerging organic contaminants in coastal waters: Anthropogenic impact, environmental release and ecological risk,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 85, pp. 391-399, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.12.045

[8] B. Mohebrad, A. Rezaee, S. Dehghani, “Anionic Surfactant Removal Using Electrochemical Process: Effect of Electrode Materials and Energy Consumption,” Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 939-946, 2018.

[9] A. Takdastan, M. Farhadi, J. Salari, B. Hashemzadeh, M. J. Mohammadi, S. Rehimi, Y. O. Khaniabadi, M. Vosoughim S. Sadeghi, A. Zahedi, “Electrocoagulation Process for Treatment of Detergent and Phosphate,” Archives of Hygiene Sciences, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 66-74, 2017. https://doi.org/10.29252/archhygsci.6.1.66

[10] M. Bermeo Garay, O. Tinoco Gómez, “Remoción de colorantes de efluente sintético de industria textil aplicando tecnología avanzada,” Industrial Data, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 91-95, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15381/idata.v19i2.12844

[11] D. B. Wellner, S. J. Couperthwaite, G. J. Millar, “Influence of operating parameters during electrocoagulation of sodium chloride and sodium bicarbonate solutions using aluminium electrodes,” Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 177, pp. 363-373, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.12.014

[12] Rusdianasari, Y. Bow, T. Dewi, “Peat Water Treatment by Electrocoagulation using Aluminium Electrodes,” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 258, no. 1, e012013, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/258/1/012013

[13] J. Llanos, J. Isidro, C. Sáez, P. Cañizares, M. A. Rodrigo, “Development of a novel electrochemical coagulant dosing unit for water treatment,” Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 216-221, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5767

[14] F. A. Nugroho, M. M. Sani, F. Apriyanti, P. T. P. Aryanti, “The Influence of Applied Current Strength and Electrode Configuration in Laundry Wastewater Treatment by Electrocoagulation,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1477, no. 5, pp. 1-7, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1477/5/052018

[15] C. A. Martínez-Huitle, S. Ferro, “Electrochemical oxidation of organic pollutants for the wastewater treatment: Direct and indirect processes,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 11, pp. 62-71, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1039/b517632h

[16] M. Dolati, A. A. Aghapour, H. Khorsandi, S. Karimzade, “Boron removal from aqueous solutions by electrocoagulation at low concentrations,” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 5150-5156, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.09.055

[17] Camcioǧlu, B. Özyurt, I. C. Doǧan, H. Hapoǧlu, “Application of response surface methodology as a new PID tuning method in an electrocoagulation process control case,” Water Science and Technology, vol. 76, no. 12, pp. 3410-3427, 2017. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.506

[18] M. G. Harinarayanan Nampoothiri, A. M. Manilal, P. A. Soloman, “Control of Electrocoagulation Batch Reactor for Oil removal from Automobile Garage Wastewater,” Procedia Technology, vol. 24, pp. 603-610, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2016.05.136

[19] C. Tejada-Tovar, A. Villabona-Ortiz, A. D. Gonzalez-Delgado, E. Marrugo-Cantillo, M. Pajaro-Montero, “Effect of bed height and biomass array on removal of an anion surfactant using a continuous rapid-mixed biofilter,” Contemporary Engineering Sciences, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 297-305, 2018. https://doi.org/10.12988/ces.2018.8227

[20] V. A. Kolesnikov, V. I. Il’in, A. V. Kolesnikov, “Electroflotation in Wastewater Treatment from Oil Products, Dyes, Surfactants, Ligands, and Biological Pollutants: A Review,” Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 251-273, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0040579519010093

[21] A. Dimoglo, P. Sevim-Elibol, Dinç, K. Gökmen, H. Erdoğan, “Electrocoagulation/electroflotation as a combined process for the laundry wastewater purification and reuse,” Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 31, e100877, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100877

[22] Z. B. Gönder, G. Balcıoğlu, Y. Kaya, I. Vergili, “Treatment of carwash wastewater by electrocoagulation using Ti electrode: optimization of the operating parameters,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8041-8052, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-019-02413-4

[23] E. K. Maher, K. N. O'Malley, J. Heffron, J. Huo, Y. Wang, B. K. Mayer, P. J. McNamara, “Removal of estrogenic compounds: Via iron electrocoagulation: Impact of water quality and assessment of removal mechanisms,” Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 956-966, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ew00087a

[24] A. K. Verma, “Treatment of textile wastewaters by electrocoagulation employing Fe-Al composite electrode,” Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 20, pp. 168-172, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.11.001

[25] M. Yoosefian, S. Ahmadzadeh, M. Aghasi, M. Dolatabadi, “Optimization of electrocoagulation process for efficient removal of ciprofloxacin antibiotic using iron electrode; kinetic and isotherm studies of adsorption,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 225, pp. 544-553, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.11.093

[26] I. Moulood, B. A. Abdul-Majeed, “Treatment of Simulated Carwash Wastewater by Electrocoagulation with Sonic Energy,” Journal of Engineering, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 30-40, 2019. https://doi.org/10.31026/j.eng.2019.09.3

[27] E. Nariyan, A. Aghababaei, M. Sillanpää, “Removal of pharmaceutical from water with an electrocoagulation process; effect of various parameters and studies of isotherm and kinetic,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 188, pp. 266-281, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2017.07.031

[28] M. S. Ramya Sankar, V. Sivasubramanian, E. V. V. Vijay, M. Jerold, J. Kanimozhi, P. Sinu, N. Shankar, “Kinetic, isothermal and thermodynamic investigation on electrocoagulation of congo red dye removal from synthetic wastewater using aluminium electrodes,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 122, pp. 399-350, 2018. http://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2018.23082


Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)