Impact of Planting Density on the Effectiveness of Laboratory-Scale Artificial Wetlands Planted with Limonium Perezzi for Tannery Wastewater Treatment

Impacto de la densidad de plantación en la eficacia de humedales artificiales a escala de laboratorio plantados con Limonium Perezzi para el tratamiento de aguas residuales de curtiembres

Main Article Content

Abstract

The impact of the planting density of Limonium perezzi on the effectiveness of laboratory-scale artificial wetlands for the soaking stage wastewater treatment in tanneries was analyzed. The planting densities were 10.27 plants/m2 (HAP4) and 15.4 plants/m2 (HAP6). The hydraulic retention time in each wetland was 4.5 days, and the experiments were conducted for 32 days, when the plants began to wither and water samples were taken for the respective analysis. The wetlands were operated for 8 weeks to observe their deterioration with respect to time. The stabilization period of the wetlands varied between 7 and 10 days until the concentration of the effluent was little variable. The statistical analysis of the results indicates that the planting density influences the effectiveness of the wetland in terms of percentage of concentration decrease, the wetlands planted with 15.4 plants/m2 were more efficient, which was determined with the Student’s T test (p<0.05). The percentages of decrease in the chemical demand for oxygen, chlorides, and Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) for the highest planting density were 81%, 54%, and 55%, respectively. As in previous studies, it was observed that the planted species has the ability to absorb salt and release it through leaves and stems, as observed from the seventh day of operation.

Keywords:

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biographies (SEE)

Lina-Marcela Saenz-Reyes, Universidad Libre

Roles: Investigation, Methodology, Witing-review & editing, Funding acquisition.

Rafael-Nikolay Agudelo-Valencia, Universidad Libre

Roles:  Investigation, Methodology, Witing-review & editing, Supervision.

Stivenzo-Rafael Ortiz-de-la-Hoz, Universidad Libre

Roles: Formal analysis.

Siby-Inés Garcés-Polo, Universidad Libre

Roles: Formal analysis, Supervision.

References (SEE)

M. K. Marichamy, A. Kumaraguru, N. Jonna, “Particle size distribution modeling and kinetic study for coagulation treatment of tannery industry wastewater at response surface optimized condition,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 297, e126657, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126657

S. Garcia-Segura, J. D. Ocon, M. N. Chong, “Electrochemical oxidation remediation of real wastewater effluents — A review,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol. 113, pp. 48–67, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2017.09.014

S. Tamersit, K. E. Bouhidel, “Treatment of tannery unhairing wastewater using carbon dioxide and zinc cations for greenhouse gas capture, pollution removal and water recycling,” Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 34, e101120, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.101120

A. D. Villalobos-Lara, F. Álvarez, Z. Gamiño-Arroyo, R. Navarro, J. M. Peralta-Hernández, R. Fuentes, T. Pérez, “Electrocoagulation treatment of industrial tannery wastewater employing a modified rotating cylinder electrode reactor,” Chemosphere, vol. 264, e128491, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128491

V. Sodhi, A. Bansal, M. K. Jha, “Investigation of activated sludge characteristics and their influence on simultaneous sludge minimization and nitrogen removal from an advanced biological treatment for tannery wastewater,” Environmental Technology & Innovation., vol. 24, e102013, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2021.102013

A. B. Mpofu, O. O. Oyekola, P. J. Welz, “Anaerobic treatment of tannery wastewater in the context of a circular bioeconomy for developing countries,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 296, e126490, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126490

T. Tran, D. A. Le, N. Hong Hai, T. Phi Hung, N. Cong Danh, L. Van Tan, V. T. Dieu Hien, X.-T. Bui, “Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride (PFC) dosage treating tannery wastewater,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 38, pp. 2981–2987, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.09.320

K. Sivagami, K. P. Sakthivel, I. M. Nambi, “Advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of tannery wastewater,” Journal of environmental chemical engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 3656–3663, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.06.004

T. D. H. Vo, X.-T. Bui, B.-T. Dang, T.-T. Nguyen, V.-T. Nguyen, D. P. H. Tran, P.-T. Nguyen, M. Bollera, K.-Y. Andrew Lin, S. Varjani, P. L. Show, “Influence of organic loading rates on treatment performance of membrane bioreactor treating tannery wastewater,” Environmental Technology & Innovation, vol. 24, e101810, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2021.101810

Q. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Qin, R. Wang, H. Li, F. Xu, Y. Du, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Kong, “Sulfate removal performance and co-occurrence patterns of microbial community in constructed wetlands treating saline wastewater,” Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 43, e102266, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2021.102266

F. Younas, N. Khan Niazi, I. Bibi, M. Afzal, K. Hussain, M. Shahid, Z. Aslam, S. Bashir, M. M. Hussain, J. Bundschuh, “Constructed wetlands as a sustainable technology for wastewater treatment with emphasis on chromium-rich tannery wastewater,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 422, e126926, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126926

R. Bakhshoodeh, N. Alavi, C. Oldham, R. M. Santos, A. A. Babaei, J. Vymazal, P. Paydary, “Constructed wetlands for landfill leachate treatment: A review,” Ecological Engineering, vol. 146, e105725, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2020.105725

J. Du, Q. Li, R. Zhao, J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Chen, M. Zhang, D. Zhao, S. An, “Effect of influent salinity on the selection of macrophyte species in floating constructed wetlands,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 282, e111947, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.111947

M. Dassanayake, J. C. Larkin, “Making plants break a sweat: The structure, function, and evolution of plant salt glands,” Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 8, e406, 2017. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPLS.2017.00406

E. Medina, A. M. Francisco, R. Wingfield, O. L. Casañas, “Halofitismo en plantas de la costa caribe de Venezuela: halófitas y halotolerantes,” Acta Botánica Venezuelica, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 49-80, 2008.

A. R. F. Hotterer, G. Hertenberger, J. Polanía, “Sobre la ecofisiología de plantas halofitas y desérticas,” Acta Biológica Colombiana, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 9–21, 1990.

J. Chen, Variety comparison and modelling flowering of limon. 2005.

American Public Health Association, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. Washington: American Public Health Association, 1995.

C. S. C. Calheiros, P. V. B. Quitério, G. Silva, L. F. C. Crispim, H. Brix, S. C. Moura, P. M. L. Castro, “Use of constructed wetland systems with Arundo and Sarcocornia for polishing high salinity tannery wastewater,” Journal of environmental management, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 66–71, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.10.003

M. F. Castillo-Castañeda, R. N. Agudelo-Valencia, “Artificial wetland planted with Limonium Perezzi, for the treatment of wastewater from tanning: Humedal artificial plantado con Limonium Perezzi, para el tratamiento de aguas residuales provenientes del curtido,” Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia, no. 97, pp. 103–108, 2020. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20200263

Y. Liang, H. Zhu, G. Bañuelos, B. Yan, Q. Zhou, X. Yu, X. Cheng, “Constructed wetlands for saline wastewater treatment: A review,” Ecological Engineering, vol. 98, pp. 275–285, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.11.005

J. M. Chyan, S. C. Huang, C. J. Lin, “Impacts of salinity on degradation of pollutions in hybrid constructed wetlands,” International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, vol. 124, pp. 176–187, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2017.05.018

Citado por: