LIFE CYCLE SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER GENERATION EXPANSION: THE CURRENT AND FUTURE SCENARIOS IN BRAZIL

Análisis de sostenibilidad del ciclo de vida de la expansión de energía en Brasil

Contenido principal del artículo

João Gabriel Lassio
Denise Matos
David Castelo Branco
Alessandra Magrini

Resumen

El paradigma de desarrollo centrado en la sostenibilidad no solo ha impulsado la actual transición energética hacia las fuentes renovables, sino que también se ha convertido en una prioridad para tener en cuenta todas aquellas cuestiones socio-ambientales a lo largo de la cadena de generación eléctrica, lo que implica una actualización de la forma en la que se planifica la expansión del suministro eléctrico en el futuro. En este contexto, este artículo explora la integración del Análisis de Sostenibilidad del Ciclo de Vida (ASCV) con un método de Análisis de Decisiones Multicriterio (ADM), denominado Técnica de Calificación de Atributos Múltiples Simples (SMARTER), para evaluar la sostenibilidad de la matriz eléctrica
actual y de los escenarios futuros en Brasil, proyectados por el Plan Decenal de Expansión Energética de Brasil 2027.
El análisis se realiza de acuerdo con nueve criterios distribuidos en las dimensiones ambiental, social y económica. Los resultados indican un mejor desempeño social, económico y ambiental de la matriz eléctrica nacional actual, así como, en sus escenarios futuros, principalmente, debido a la expansión de la participación de algunas fuentes de energía renovables. Con respecto a los escenarios futuros, aquellos con mayor participación de estas fuentes se asocian con el mejor desempeño en materia de sostenibilidad. No obstante, estos resultados no pretenden señalar el camino más adecuado para el Parque Nacional de Generación Eléctrica, ya que, para ello, también es necesario tomar en cuenta otros factores, además de los considerados en este artículo, como son los macroeconómicos, técnicos, de ubicación, políticas públicas, etc.

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Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a (VER)

João Gabriel Lassio, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, The Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Energy Planning Program, Brazil

Ph.D. candidate

Energy Planning Program

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Research fellow

Energy Transition and Sustainability Department of the Brazilian Electric Energy Research Center

(CEPEL), Brazil

M.Sc. in Sustainable Development and Transport

École Nationale de Ponts et Chaussées, France

Civil Engineering

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Denise Matos, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, The Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Energy Planning Program, Brazil

Ph.D. candidate

Energy Planning Program

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Researcher

Energy Transition and Sustainability Department of the Brazilian Electric Energy Research Center

(CEPEL), Brazil

M.Sc. in Population Studies and Social Research

National School of Statistical Sciences, Brazil

Geography

State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

David Castelo Branco, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, The Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Energy Planning Program, Brazil

Ph.D. in Energy Planning

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Assistant Professors of the Energy Planning Program

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

M.Sc. in Energy Planning

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Mechanical Engineering

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Alessandra Magrini, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, The Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Energy Planning Program, Brazil

Ph.D. in Business Administration

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

M.Sc. in Energy Planning

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Chemical Engineering

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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