Light Effect on Germination of Champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.) seeds

Main Article Content

Autores

Yenny Catherin Porras Merchan
Maria Camila Pedreros Benavides
Wendy Lorena Reyes Ardila
Helber Enrique Balaguera Lopez http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3133-0355

Abstract

Champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.), is a fruit species of the Mirtaceae family with high trading potential due to the palatability of its fruits. Its spread by seeds has difficulties related to a low germination percentage and a long time to complete this stage. Taking into account that the effect of the light on champa seeds is unknown, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of different light treatments on the germination of champa seeds under laboratory conditions. The plant material was collected in Miraflores, a municipality of Boyacá state in Colombia. An experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments corresponding to different light conditions, for which the seeds were sown in Petri dishes that were covered with aluminum foil (dark), red cellophane paper, blue cellophane paper and one group was not covered (control). Each treatment had 4 repetitions, the experimental unit was composed of a Petri dish with 35 seeds. Germination and viability (tetrazolium test) parameters were determined. The maximum germination percentage (57.85%) and the highest germination speed (0.39 germinated seeds/d) were obtained with the red light treatment, the opposite response was obtained with the seeds in the dark. The freshly harvested seeds presented 93.74% viability. The seeds that did not germinate had a representative percentage of viable seeds (between 15 and 20%). These results allow us to conclude that C. lineatifolia has a positive photoblastism behavior and presents dormancy conditions, possibly physiological dormancy.


 

Article Details

Licence

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Licencia de Creative Commons

All papers included in the Revista Ciencia y Agricultura are published under  Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

References

Álvarez, J. G., Galvis, J. A. & Balaguera, H. E. (2009). Determinación de cambios físicos y químicos durante la maduración de frutos de champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.). Agronomía Colombiana, 27, 253-259.

Arias, M. H., Velásquez, D., Mateus, H. Chaparro, Z. & Orduz-Rodríjuez, J. (2016). El rambután (Nephelium lappaceum), frutal asiático con potencial para Colombia: avances de la investigación en el piedemonte del Meta. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas 10(2), 262-2. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2016v10i2.5761

Balaguera, H. E, Herrera, A. & Cortés, D. (2012) Crecimiento de frutos de champa en condiciones agroecológicas de Miraflores, Boyacá, Colombia. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 47(12), 1722-1730. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2012001200007

Balaguera, H. E., Álvarez, J. G. & Bonilla, D. C. (2009). Crecimiento y desarrollo del fruto de champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia Ruiz & Pavón). Revista UDCA Actualidad y Divulgación Científica, 12(2), 113-123. Doi: https://doi.org/10.31910/rudca.v12.n2.2009.697

Baradwaj, R. G., Rao, M. V, Baskin, C. C. & Kumar, T. S. (2016). Non-deep Simple Morphophysiological Dormancy in Seeds of the Rare Alpinia galanga: A First Report for Zingiberaceae. Seed Science Research, 26(2), 165-170. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258516000039.

Baskin, C. C. & Baskin, J. M. (2014). Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. (2nd ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Bewley, D. J., Bradford, K. J., Hilhorst, H. W. M. & Nonogaki, H. (2013). Seeds: Physiology of Development, Germination and Dormancy. (Third ed.). Springer Science. 399 Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4693-4

Bonilla, A., Duque, C., Garzón, C., Takaishi, Y., Yamaguchi, K. Hara, N. & Fujimoto, Y. (2005). Champanones, Yellow Pigments from the Seeds of Champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia). Phytochem. 66, 1736-1740. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.05.025

Camargo, S., Rodrigues, D., Rodrigues, C., De Assis, A., De Faria, R. & Schuch, M. W. (2015). Fitorreguladores y espectros de luz na micropropagacao de Oncidium baueri Lindl. Ciência Rural, 45(11), 2007-2012. Doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20141780

Carranza, C., Castellanos, G., Deaza, D. & Miranda, D. (2016). Efecto de la aplicación de reguladores de crecimiento sobre la germinación de semillas de badea (Passiflora quadrangularis L.) en condiciones de invernadero. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas, 10(2), 284-291. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2016v10i2.5791

Castillo, M., Bustamante, O. R., Peña, F. T., Gutiérrez, V. L., Reyes, C. A., Arredondo, A. & Marey, M. (2013). Negative Photoblastism in the Invasive Species Eschscholzia californica Cham. (Papaveraceae): Patterns of Altitudinal Variation in Native and Invasive Range. Gayana Botanica, 70(2), 330-336. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-66432013000200010

Delahaie, J., Hundertmark, M., Bove, J., Leprince, O., Rogniaux, H. & Buitink, J. (2013). LEA Polypeptide Profiling of Recalcitrant and Orthodox Legume Seeds Reveals ABI3-regulated LEA Protein Abundance Linked to Desiccation Tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64(14), 4559–73. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ert274

Donohue, S., Alvarenga, A., Guimarães, R., Lara, T., Custódio, T. & Chaves, I. (2010). Ecofisiologia da germinação de sementes de Campomanesia pubescens. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, 41(8), 1362-1368. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782011000800011

Emer, A., Paolazzi, J., Fior, C. y& Schafer, G. (2018). Fotoblastismo e germinação de sementes de Campomanesia aurea (Myrtaceae). Biosci. J. Uberlândia, 34(6), 1505-1512.

Filho, M. (2015). Fisiologia de sementes de plantas cultivadas. Londrina, PR: Abrates.

Filho, M. (2016). Fisiología de semillas de plantas cultivadas. (2a ed.). Londrina, PR: Abrates.

Finch, W. & Leubner, G. (2006). Seed Dormancy and the Control of Germination. New Phytologist, 171, 501-523. Doi: 10.1111 / j.1469-8137.2006.01787.x

Gadotti, G. I. & Villela, F. A. (2016). Can the Tetrazolium Test be used as an Alternative to the Germination Test in Determining Seed Viability of Grass Species? Crop Science, 56(1), 707-715. Doi: https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2015.06.0399

Hartmann, H., Kester, D. E., Davies, F. T. & Geneve, R. L. (2011). Hartmann & Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices. (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall International.

International Seed Testing Association –ISTA-. (2019). Rules Proposals for the International Rules for Seed Testing. Retrieved from https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ista/rules.

Kawasaki, M. L. & Pérez, A. (2012). A New Species of Plinia (Myrtaceae) from Ecuador, with Demographic Notes from a Large Forest Plot. Harvard Papers in Botany, 17(1), 19-20. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3100/025.017.0105

Lamarca, E., Silva, C. & Barbedo, C. (2011). Limites térmicos para a germinação em função da origem de sementes de espécies de Eugenia (Myrtaceae) nativas do Brasil. Acta Botanica Brasilica, Belo Horizonte, 25(2), 293-300. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062011000200005.

Latsague, M., Sáez, P. & Coronado, L. (2010). Tratamientos pregerminativos para Myrceugenia exsucca (Myrtaceae). Bosque (Chile) 31(3), 243-246. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92002010000300008

Li, H., Xu, Z., Liu, X. & Han, X. (2012). Effects of Different Light Sources on the Growth of Non-heading Chinese Cabbage (Brassica campestris L.). Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(4), 262-273. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v4n4p262

Lima, D., Goldenberg, R. & Sobral, M. (2015). Gênero Campomanesia (Myrtaceae) no estado do Paraná, Brasil. Rodriguésia, Rio de Janeiro, 62(3), 683-693.

López, M. & Rodríguez, J. (1995). Diagnóstico del mercadeo de la champa en el Municipio de Miraflores Boyacá. (Tesis para optar al título de tecnólogo en Mercadeo). Instituto de Educación Abierta y a Distancia. Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja.

Maldonado, M., García, G., García, J., Ramírez, C., Hernández, A., Valdez, J., Torrez, T. & Cetina, V. (2016). Seed Viability and Vigour of two Nanche Species (Malpighia mexicana and Byrsonima crassifolia). Seed Sci & Technol, 44(1), 1-9. Doi: 10.15258/sst.2016.44.1.03

Mancipe, C., Calderón, M. & Pérez, V. (2018). Evaluación de viabilidad de semillas de 17 especies tropicales altoandinas por la prueba de germinación y la prueba de tetrazolio. Caldasia, 40(2), 366-382. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/caldasia.v40n2.68251.

Martínez, C.A. (2019). Efecto alelopático del extracto de semillas de chamba (Campomanesia lineatifolia) sobre la germinación y crecimiento de plántulas de cerraja (Sonchus oleraceus L.) en condiciones de laboratorio. (Tesis). Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (UNAD). Escuela de Ciencias Pecuarias y del Medio Ambiente.

Ortega, P., Galíndez, G., Sühring, S., Rojas, M., Daws, M. & Pritchard, H. (2011). Seed Germination of Echinopsis schickendantzii (Cactaceae): The Effects of Constant and Alternating Temperatures. Seed Sci Technol, 39, 219-224. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2011.39.1.21

Osorio, C., Alarcón, M., Moreno, C., Bonilla, A., Barrios, J., Garzón, C. & Duque, C. (2006). Characterization of Odor-active Volatiles in Champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 54(2), 509-516. Doi:10.1021 / jf052098c

Parra, A. (2014). Maduración y comportamiento poscosecha de la guayaba (Psidium guajava L.). Una revisión. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas, 8(2), 314-327. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2014v8i2.3223

Parra, A. & Fischer, G. (2013). Maduración y comportamiento poscosecha de la feijoa (Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret). Una revisión. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas, 7(1), 98-110. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2013v7i1.2039

Parra-O., C., Bayly, M., Drinnan, A., Udovicic, F. & Ladiges, P. (2014). Phylogeny, Major Clades and Infrageneric Classification of Corymbia (Myrtaceae), based on Nuclear Ribosomal DNA and Morphology. Australian Systematic Botany, 22(5), 384-399. Doi: 10.1071 / SB09028

Ranal, M. & Santana, D. G. (2006). How and why to Measure the Germination Process? Rev. Bras. Bot., 29(1), 1-11. Doi: 10.1590/S0100-84042006000100002

Rego, S., Cosmo, N., Gogosz, A., Kuniyoshi, Y. & Nogueira, A. (2011). Caracterização morfológica e germinação de sementes de Curitiba prismatica (D. Legrand) Salywon & Landrum. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, Londrina, 33(4), 616-625. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101- 31222011000400003

Salazar, S. A. & Cancino, G. O. (2012). Evaluación del efecto de dos suplementos orgánicos en la germinación in vitro de orquídeas nativas de la provincia de Pamplona, Colombia. Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología, 14(1), 53-59. Doi: 10.15446/rev.colomb.biote

Salinas, L. (2016). Efecto alelopático del extracto de semillas de Campomanesia lineatifolia (Myrtaceae) sobre la germinación y crecimiento de maíz y rábano. (Tesis de grado). Programa de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá.

Savaedi, Z., Parmoon, G., Moosavi, S. A. & Bakhshande, A. (2019). The Role of Light and Gibberellic Acid on Cardinal Temperatures and Thermal Time Required for Germination of Charnushka (Nigella sativa) Seed. Industrial Crops & Products, 132, 140-149. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.02.025

Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., Moller I. A. & Murphy, A. (2017). Fisiologia e desenvolvimento vegetal. (6th ed.). Porto Alegre, Brazil: Artmed.

Takaki, M. (2015). O fitocromo e a germinação de sementes de espécies florestais. En F. C. M. Piña, M. B. Figureliolia & A. Silva (eds.), Ecofisiologia da germinação de sementes. Sementes Florestais: da ecologia à produção. Londrina: Abrates.

Wang, Y. & Folta, K. M. (2013). Contributions of Green Light to Plant Growth and Development. American Journal of Botany, 100(1), 70-78. Doi: 10.3732/ ajb.1200354

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.