Manihot cultivation yield using organic and chemical fertilizers in an acid soil


  • Enrique Miguel Combatt-Cabellero Universidad de Córdoba (Montería-Córdoba, Colombia)
  • Janer Miguel Polo-Santos Universidad de Córdoba (Montería-Córdoba, Colombia)
  • Alfredo De Jesús Jarma-Orosco Universidad de Córdoba (Montería-Córdoba, Colombia)



composting, corms, crop residues, manihot esculenta, plant nutrition, soils, vermicompost.


Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is the founh most important world food product after rice, wheat and corn, and is part of diet of more than 100 million people worldwide; therefore, it is necessary to implement its establishment in environmentally friendly agriculture conditions. This study aimed at determining the cassava crop yield, applying bokashi organic fertilizer at different doses. The experiment was conducted in the municipality of Ciénaga de Oro (Cordoba), where the variety ICA-costena with a 12 300 plants/ha density was established. At planting, 50 % of bokashi and vermicompost was incorporated, 25 % was added a month later, and the rest two months later. The treatments were 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 kg ha-1 of bokashi, plus 200 kg.ha" of vermicompost, additionally a treatment without application, and a chemical treatment.

The data were collected 240 days after the crop was established, and the evaluated variables were a) number of roots, b) dry root weight, c) harvest index, and d) total production per hectare. A randomized complete block design with four replications was used. The 74.57 % harvest index was the best response, and was obtained with 1500 kg ha-1 of boskashi and plus 200 kg.ha" of vermicompost. The highest number of roots, dry root mass, and yield were found with the application of 2000 kg ha‘l of bokashi plus 200 kg.ha-1 of vermicompost.


Download data is not yet available.


Heredia P, Del Castillo S, Bejarano P, Gordillo M. Información nutricional para tres regiones de Colombia Costa Atlántica, Nariño, Cauca y Valle (CIAT). 2007.

Aguilera DM. La yuca en el Caribe colombiano: de cultivo ancestral a agroindustrial. Documento de trabajo sobre economía regional. 2012. Núm. 58. 64 p.

EVA. Evaluaciones Agropecuarias Municipales. Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural. Dirección de Política sectorial. Departamento de Córdoba. Municipio de Ciénaga de Oro. 2013. 1-5 p.

Jaraba J, Lozano Z, Espinosa M. Nemátodos agalladores asociados al cultivo de papaya (Carica papaya L.) en el departamento de Córdoba, Colombia. Agronomía Colombiana. 2007; 25(1): 124-130.

Banger K, Kukal S, Toor G, Sudhir S, Hanumanthraju TH. Impact of long-term additions of chemical fertilizers and farmyard manure on carbon and nitrogen sequestration under rice–cowpea cropping system in semi-arid tropics. Plant and Soil 2009; 318: 27–35. DOI: http://doi.org10.1007/s11104-008-9813-z.

Eghball B, Ginting D, Gilley E. Residual effects of manure and compost applications on corn production and soil properties. Agronomy Journal. 2004; 96: 442–447. DOI:

Gosling P, Hodge A, Goodlass G, Bending GD. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2006; 113: 17-35. DOI:

Soto G, Muñoz C. Consideraciones teóricas y prácticas sobre el compost, y su empleo en la agricultura. Manejo integrado de plagas y Agroecología. Sección Agricultura Orgánica. Agricultura Ecológica CATIE, Turrialba. Costa Rica. 2002; 65: 123-125.

Rosas A. Agricultura orgánica práctica. Alternativas tecnológicas para la agricultura del futuro. Santa Fe de Bogotá. 2003.

Leblanc HA, Cerrato ME, Miranda A, Valle G. Determinación de la calidad de abonos orgánicos a través de bioensayos. Tierra Tropical: Sostenibilidad. Ambiente y Sociedad. 2007; 3(1): 97-107.

Álvarez E, Llanos G. Enfermedades del cultivo de la yuca y métodos de control, En: CLAYUCA, CIAT, FENEVI, MADR (Ed), La yuca en el tercer milenio: Sistemas modernos de producción, procesamiento, utilización y comercialización, Cali, Colombia. 2002; 131-147p.

Fukuda WMG., Guevara CL., Kawuki R., Ferguson ME. Selected morphological and agronomic descriptors for the characterization of cassava. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) (ed.), Ibadan, Nigeria. 2010, 19 p.

Chiew LK, Rahman ZA. The effects of oil palm empty fruit bunches on oil palm nutrition and yield, and soil chemical properties. Journal of Oil Palm Research. 2002; 14: 1–9.

Pieri C, Steiner KGL. importance de la fertilite' du sol pour l’agriculture durable-le cas particulier de l’Afrique. Agric. Dev. Rural. 1997; 1: 23–26.

Strudley MW, Green TR, Ascough JC. Tillage effects on soil hydraulic properties in space and time: state of the science. Soil Till. Res. 2008; 99: 4–48. DOI:

Rasool R, Kukal SS, Hira GS. Soil organic carbon and physical properties as affected by long-term application of FYM and inorganic fertilizers in maize– wheat system. Soil and Tillage Research 2008; 101: 31–36. DOI:

Bhattacharyya R, Prakash V, Kundu S, Srivastva AK, Gupta HS, Mitra S. Long-term effects of fertilization on carbon and nitrogen sequestration and aggregate associated carbon and nitrogen in the Indian sub-Himalayas. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 2009; 86: 1-6. DOI:

Sikora LJ, Enkiri NK. Uptake of 15N fertilizer in compost- amended soils. Plant and Soil. 2001; 235: 65–73. DOI:

Yu H, Ding W, Luo J, Geng R, Cai Z. Long-term application of organic manure and mineral fertilizers on aggregation and aggregate-associated carbon in a sandy loam soil. Soil & Tillage Research. 2012; 124: 170-177. DOI:

Kalantari S, Hatami S, Ardalan MM, Alikhani HA, Shorafa M. The effect of compost and vermicompost of yard leaf manure on growth of corn. African J. Agric. Res. 2010; 5:1317-1323.

Alban A, Narváez RJ, Madriñán M, Cadavid L, Ospina PB. Efecto del uso de fertilizantes órgano-minerales en la producción sostenible de yuca. Acta Agronómica. 2004; 53. 1: 53-58.



How to Cite

Combatt-Cabellero, E. M., Polo-Santos, J. M., & Jarma-Orosco, A. D. J. (2017). Manihot cultivation yield using organic and chemical fertilizers in an acid soil. Ciencia Y Agricultura, 14(1), 57–64.