Impacto del uso de antimicrobianos en medicina veterinaria




contaminación de alimentos, farmacorresistencia bacteriana, medicina veterinaria, profilaxis antibiótica


Actualmente, la resistencia a los antimicrobianos es de gran interés a nivel mundial, debido a su impacto en la salud animal y humana y en la contaminación ambiental y a su costo económico. Se presentan diversos datos sobre la utilización de antibacterianos en la explotación pecuaria; sobre el porcentaje de antibacterianos detectados en el estiércol o en la orina animal, el tiempo que tarda en su degradación en el ambiente y la consecuente contaminación de varios ambientes, y sobre el impacto en la fauna salvaje. Se han descrito diferentes hipótesis sobre la resistencia a antimicrobianos, pero actualmente existen evidencias que indican que la utilización desmesurada de los antibacterianos en la medicina humana y la producción pecuaria es el factor determinante para el desarrollo de dicho mecanismo en los microorganismos.


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How to Cite

Hernández-Barrera, J. C., Angarita-Merchán, M., & Prada-Quiroga, C. F. (2017). Impacto del uso de antimicrobianos en medicina veterinaria. Ciencia Y Agricultura, 14(2), 27–38.