Current status of plant pathogens of agricultural importance for Colombia. A review

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Tiago Miguel Marques Monteiro Amaro
Jonathan Cope
Bárbara Franco-Orozco


Plant disease still plays a major role in limiting agricultural production worldwide. Pathogens and pests reduce crop yield and can cause large reductions in crop quality. Colombia is no exception, as it contends with many devastating pathogens, representing a major threat to the country’s agricultural sector. This review is important as it highlights four of the most damaging pathogens affecting economically important crops in Colombia - Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. manihotis (Xpm), Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), Phytophthora palmivora, and Hemileia vastatrix. This work was performed by an extensive literature search about plant diseases in Colombia in databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar. Moreover, this search was complemented with research about crop production in the country in databases made available by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The four pathogens reviewed in this work were chosen not only by their current devastating effects in Colombia’s agricultural production but also for their potential to cause further damage in the near future. The understanding of the current situation of these crop pathogens in Colombia is imperative so that state directives can be deployed aiming at developing informed and efficient control strategies.


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