Influence of climate, soil use and soil depth on soil organic carbon content at two Andean altitudinal sites in Norte de Santander, Colombia

Influencia del clima, uso del suelo y profundidad sobre el contenido de carbono orgánico en dos pisos altitudinales andinos del departamento Norte de Santander, Colombia

Main Article Content

Ibonne Geaneth Valenzuela B.
Efraín Francisco Visconti M.

Abstract

The increase and stabilization of soil organic carbon (SOC) represent a feasible alternative for mitigating greenhouse effect. But, SOC is severely affected by changes in soil use, and there is uncertainty about which types of soil use favor carbon sequestration. In addition, climate influences SOC dynamics; therefore, the effect generated by the use and management of soils is different in cold climates and warm climates. In order to understand how climate, soil use and soil depth influence SOC dynamics at two Andean sites in Norte de Santander, Colombia, the soil physical (sands, silts, clays, and bulk density) and chemical (pH, E.C., C.E.C. and S.B) properties were studied. Also, the total organic carbon (TOC), light fraction (LF), humic fraction (HF), microbiol biomass (MB) and organic carbon were measured. These evaluations were performed in two climates (cold and warm), with three soil uses per climate and three soil depths (0 to 5 cm, 5 to 10 cm and 10 to 20 cm). The amount of organic carbon was statistically higher in the cold climate soils for all compartments (TOC, OC of MB, OC of LF and OC of HF). The Forest and Pasture were more favorable for SOC storage in the cold climates, and the intensive crops presented a lower content of TOC, OC of MB and OC of LF. The humification rate and OC of HF were higher in the soils with intensive crops as the soil use in the warm climate.

Keywords:

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References (SEE)

Albaladejo, J., M. Martínez, M. Almagro, A. Ruiz y R. Ortiz. 2009. Factores de control en la dinámica del carbono orgánico de los suelos de la región de Murcia. pp. 155-158. En: Congreso Internacional sobre Desertificación. Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, España.

Alexander, M. 1998. Principles and applications of soil microbiology. 6a ed. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.

Arias, H., E. Malavassi, B. Alvarado y R. Chazdon. 2012. Biomasa sobre el suelo y carbono orgánico en el suelo en cuatro estadios de sucesión de bosques de la Península de Osa, Costa Rica. Rev. For. Mesoam. Kurú 9(22), 22-31. Doi: 10.18845/rfmk.v15i36.3422

Delgado, R. y M. España. 2000. Evaluación de la biomasa microbiana por los métodos de fumigación-incubación y fumigación-extracción y su relación con la disponibilidad de nitrógeno en suelos de Venezuela. Agron. Trop. 50(4), 537-551.

Elliott, E. y C. Cambardella. 1991. Physical separation of soil organic matter. Agric Ecosyst. Environ. 34, 407-419. Doi: 10.1016/0167-8809(91)90124-G

Ferreira, E., M. Bustamante, D. Resck, C. Figueiredo, A. Pinto y J. Malaquias. 2016. Carbon stocks in compartments of soil organic matter 31 years after substitution of Native Cerrado vegetation by agro-ecosystems. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo 40, e0150059. Doi: 10.1590/18069657rbcs20150059

Figueiredo, C., D. Resck y M. Carneiro. 2010. Labile and stable fractions of soil organic matter under management systems and Native Cerrado. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo 34, 907-916. Doi: 10.1590/S0100-06832010000300032

Ghimire, R., S. Lamichhane, B. Acharya, P. Bista y U. Sain-ju. 2017. Tillage, crop residue, and nutrient management effects on soil organic carbon in rice-based cropping systems: a review. J. Integr. Agric. 16, 1-15. Doi: 10.1016/S2095-3119(16)61337-0

Gobernación de Norte de Santander. 2016. Plan de Desarrollo del departamento Norte de Santander presentado para el periodo 2016-2019. Cúcuta, Colombia.

IGAC. 2006a. Estudio general de suelos y zonificación de tierras del departamento Norte de Santander. Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, Bogotá, Colombia.

IGAC. 2006b. Métodos analíticos de laboratorio de suelos. 6a ed. Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, Bogotá, Colombia.

Kassa, H., S. Dondeyne, J. Poesen, A. Frankl y J. Nys-sen. 2017. Impact of deforestation on soil fertility, soil carbon and nitrogen stocks: the case of the Gacheb catchment in the White Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 247, 273-282. Doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2017.06.034

Lavelle, P. 1997. Faunal activities and soil processes: adaptative strategies that determine ecosystem function. Adv. Ecol. Res. 27, 93-132. Doi: 10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60007-0

Lozano, Z., R. Hernández y A. Ojeda. 2005. Manual de métodos para la evaluación de la calidad física, química y biológica de los suelos. Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela.

Macías, F. y M. Camps-Arbestain. 2010. Soil carbon sequestration in a changing environment. Mitig. Adapt. Strateg. Glob. Change 15, 511-529. Doi: 10.1007/s11027-010-9231-4

Manlay, R., C. Feller y M. Swift. 2007. Historical evolution of soil organic matter concepts and their relationships with the fertility and sustainability of cropping systems. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 119, 217-233. Doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2006.07.011

Oliveira, F., J. Oliveira y F. Xavier. 2016. Changes in soil organic carbon fractions in response to cover crops in an orange orchard. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo 40. Doi: 10.1590/18069657rbcs20150105

Olson, K., S. Ebelhar y J. Lang. 2014 Long-term effects of cover crops on crop yields, soil organic carbon stocks and sequestration. Open J. Soil Sci. 4, 284-292. Doi: 10.4236/ojss.2014.48030

Pla, I. 2010. Medición y evaluación de propiedades físicas de los suelos: dificultades y errores más frecuentes. I – Propiedades mecánicas. Suelos Ecuat. 40(2), 75-93.

Sánchez, P. 1976. Properties and management of the soils of the tropics. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, USA.

Six, J., R. Conant, E. Paul y K. Paustian. 2002. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: implications for c-saturation of soils. Plant Soil 241, 155-176. Doi: 10.1023/A:1016125726789

Ussiri, D. y R. Lal. 2013. Land management effects on carbon sequestration and soil properties in reclaimed farmland of Eastern Ohio, USA. Open J. Soil Sci. 3, 46-57. Doi: 10.4236/ojss.2013.31006

Varela, A. y D. Rueda. 2010. Organismos del suelo. pp. 397-438. En: Burbano O., H. y F. Silva M. (eds.). Ciencia del suelo principios básicos. Sociedad Colombiana de la Ciencia del Suelo, Bogotá, Colombia.

Citado por: