Three doses evaluation of a microbial preparation obtained in Ecuador, in the productive and sanitary response of post-weaning pigs

Main Article Content

Autores

Luis Gerardo Flores-Mancheno
Yaneisy García-Hernández
Fredy Bladimir Proaño-Ortiz
William Orlando Caicedo-Quinche

Abstract

To evaluate three doses of a microbial preparation obtained in Ecuador (4x106 CFU of lactic bacterias, 1.5x105 CFU of yeast per milliliter), in the productive and health performance in pigs during the post-weaning stage, a completely randomized design was used, with four treatments and four replicates per treatment: T1 concentrated, T2, T3, T4 (concentrate plus 5 mL / kg of body weight (BW), 10 mL / kg BW, 15 mL/kg BW of microbial preparation, respectively). 160 barrows of the crossing Landrace x Large White with White Belgian x Pietrain, of 28 days of age and 6.99 kg of BW were used. The higher final body weight and the best gain of total and daily weight (P <0.0001) was obtained in the group of pigs in which 15 mL / kg BW of microbial preparation was added, with values of 25.78 kg, 18.78 kg and 447.25g, respectively. In the same experimental group more efficient conversions of dry matter, crude protein and metabolizable energy were found, 1.54 kg! kg BW and gain in body weight of 383.92 g/ kg BW and 23.16 Ml / kg BW, respectively. Also in this group the least presence of animals with diarrhea (P < 0,0001) 6.85% was recorded. It is concluded that the addition of 15 mL / kg BW improves the productive and sanitary performance of weaned piglets.

Keywords:

Article Details

Licence

Licencia de Creative Commons

All papers included in the Revista Ciencia y Agricultura are published under  Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

References

Brooks, P.H., Moran, C.A., Beal, J.D., Demeckova, V. & Campbell., A. 2001. Liquid feeding for the young piglets. In: M. A. Varley, J. R. Wiseman (eds), The Weaner Pig: Nutrition and Management. CAB International, Wallinford, Oxon. p. 153. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851995328.0153.

Williams, I. 2003. Growth of the weaned pig. In: J. R. Pluske, J. V. Le Dividich, M. W. A. Verstegen (eds), Weaning the Pig: Concepts and Consequences, Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands. p. 25-27.

Lalles, J., Boudry, G., Favier, C., Le Floc’h, N., Lurona, I., Montagne, L., Oswald, I. P., Pie, S., Piel, C. & Seve, B. 2004. Gut function and dysfunction in young pigs: physiology. Animal Research 53: 301-316. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/animres:2004018.

Cajaeville, C., Brambillasca, S. & Zumino, P. 2011. Utilización de prebióticos en monogástricos: aspectos fisiológicos y productivos relacionados al uso de subproductos de agroindustrias y de pasturas en lechones Revista Porcicultura Iberoamericana 1:2.

Maron, D., Smith, T. & Nachman, K. (2013). Restrictions on antimicrobial use in food animal production: an international regulatory and economic survey. Globalization and Health. 9: 1-11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-9-48.

Faria, D., Torres, K., Campos, D. & Rosa, P. 2006. Probiotics for broiler chickens in Brazil: systematic review and meta-analysis. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 8: 89-97. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1516-635x2006000200004.

Guartazaca, L. 2011. Valoración en la alimentación de los lechones post destete con la utilización de dos probióticos. Tesis de Ingeniería. Universidad del Azuay. Cuenca, Ecuador. 62 p.

Gaibor, C. 2012. Comparación de la respuesta biológica de un probiótico comercial vs un antbiótico en las etapas de crecimiento y engorde en porcinos. Tesis de Ingeniería. Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo. Riobamba, Ecuador. 62 p.

Quemac, M. 2014. Evaluación de tres dosis de probiótico (Rhodopseudomonas spp, Lactobacillus spp, Saccharomyces spp) en la alimentación para el engorde de cerdos. Tesis de Ingeniería. Universidad Estatal Politécnica del Carchi. Tulcán, Ecuador. 48 p.

Díaz, B. 2014. Evaluación de residuos agrícolas post cosecha en ensilajes inoculados con preparados microbianos nativos para alimentación de vacas lecheras en Ecuador. Tesis presentada para la opción de Doctor en Ciencias Veterinarias. Mayabeque, Cuba. 112. p.

NRC. 2012. Nutrient Requirement of Domestic Animals. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. National Academic Press.Washington, District
of Columbia, version electronic disponible en disco compacto.

Neogen (2011). Salmonella Shigella Agar (7152). Acumedia. Disponible en: . Consultado, Junio 2015.

Petrifilm 3M. (2010). Placas para recuento de E. coli/Coliform. Disponible en Consultado, Junio 2015.

InfoStat. 2012. Di Rienzo J., Casanoves F., Balzarini M., Gonzalez L., Tablada, M. & Robledo, C. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Versión 1.0 para Windows.

Duncan, D.B. (1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1.

ComparPro versión 1. 2007. Font H. Noda Aida, Torres Verena, Herrera Magaly, Lizazo D., Sarduy Lucía y Rodríguez Lourdes: Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Dpto Biomatemática.

Kim, E., Hong, H., Hong, N., Choi, K., Hann, Y., Kangwan, N., Chao, Y. & Hahn, K. 2012. Concentrated Probiotics Improve Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Better that Commercial Concentration ofo Probiotics. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. 20: 292-295.

Noriega, L., Gueimonde, M., Sánchez, B., Margolles, A. & de los Reyes, C. 2004. Effect of the adaptation to high bile salts concentrations on glycoside activity, sorvival ta low pH and cross-resistance to bile salts in Bifidobacterium. International Journal Food Microbiol. 94: 79-86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.01.003.

FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization). Guidelines for the evaluation of probiotics in food. Report of a joint FAO/WHO working group on drafting guidelines for the evaluation of probiotics in food. April 30 and May 1. London Ontario, Canadá. Disponible en: . Consultado, enero 2015.

Gorbach, S. 1991. Lactobacillus. Probiotics in poultry. The Journal Applied. Poultry Research. 14: 750-756.

Iñiguez, C., Jiménez, R., Vázquez, L., Ramos, G. & Acedo, E. 2011. Protein-carbohydrate interactions between Lactobacillus salivarius and pig mucins. Journal of Animal Science. 89: 3125–3131. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-2996.

Jurado. H., Ramírez, C. & Martínez, J. 2013. In vivo evaluation of Lactobacillus platarum as an alternative to antibiotics in piglets. Rev. MVZ Córdova. 18: 3648-3657.

Spanhaak, S., Havenaar, R. & Schaafsma, G. 1998. The effect of consumption of milk fermented by Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota on the intestinal microflora and immune parameters in humans. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 52: 899-907. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600663.

Matsuzaki, T. 1998. Immunomodulation by treatment with Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 41: 133-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(98)00046-4.

Boucourt, R., Savón, L. & Díaz, J. 2002. Efecto de la actividad probiótica de Lactobacillus rhamnosus en indicadores fisiológicos, productivos y de salud de cerdos jóvenes. En: Memorias XVIII Congreso Panamericano de Ciencias Veterinarias (PANVET). 18-22 de noviembre. Palacios de las Convenciones, Ciudad Habana, Cuba. p 135.

Sanz, Y., Collado, M.C. & Dalmau, J. 2003. Probióticos: criterios de calidad y orientaciones para el consumo. Acta Pediátrica Española. 61: 476-482.

Boyle, R., Robins-Browne, R. & Tang, M.2006. Probiotic use in clinical practice: what are the risks? The American Journal Clinical Nutrition. 83: 1256-1264.

Castro, M. & Rodríguez, F. 2005 Levaduras: probióticos y prebióticos que mejoran la producción animal. Revista Corpoica. 6: 26-38.

Fuller, R. 1992. Chapter 1. History and development of probiotic. En: Probiotics. The Scientific Basic. Fuller, R. (ed.). Chapman & Hall, London, UK. p. 4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2364-8.

Sadler, M., Strain, J. & Caballero, B. 1998. Probiotics and prebiotics. Definition and role. En: Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition. Academic Press (ed.). London & New York. p. 1633.

Gauthier, R. 2002. Nuevas alternativas en terapéutica aviar. En: XVIII Congreso Latinoamericano de Avicultura. 7-10 de octubre. Santa Cruz, Bolivia. p. 156.

Tahara, T. & Kanatani, K. 1997. Isolation and partial aminoacid sequence of bacteriocins produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 61: 884-886. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.61.884.

Gillor, O., Etzion, A. & Riley, M. 2008. The dual role of bacteriocins as anti- and probiotics. Applied Microbiology Biotechnology. 81: 591-606. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-008-1726-5.

Chukeatirote, E. 2003. Potencial use of probiotics. Songklanakarin Journal Science Technological. 25: 275-282.

García, R., Hernández, K., Kawas, J., Salinas, J., Vega, A., Ruiloba, M. & Fimbres, H. 2014. Efecto de nucleótidos y péptidos de Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NUTRO) en la alimentación de cerdos post destete. Revista Científica Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad de Zulia. 24: 29-37.

Roján, L. 2009. Efecto de un producto biológicamente activo (Vitafert) en indicadores productivos y de salud en preceba porcina. Tesis de Maestría. Instituto de Ciencia Animal. Cuba. 76 p.

Wang, Y., Cho, J., Chen, Y., Yoo, J., Huang, Y., Kim, H. & Kim, I. 2009. The effect of probiotic BioPlus 2B® on growth performance, dry matter and nitrogen digestibility and slurry noxious gas emission in growing pigs. Livestock Science. 120: 35-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2008.04.018

Trckova, M., Faldyna, M., Alexa, P., Sramkova. Z., Gopfert, E., Kumprechtova, D., Auclair, E. & Auclair, R. 2014. The effects of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on postweaning diarrhea, immune response, and growth performance in weaned piglets. Journal of Animal Science. 92: 767-774. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2013-6793.

Liu, H., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Yang, F., Thacker, PA. & Zhang, G. 2014. Oral administration of L. fermentum I5007 favors intestinal development and alters the intestinal microbiota in formula-fed piglets. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62: 860-866. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf403288r.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.