Dorian Polo Cerón


En este trabajo se han sintetizado complejos de lantánidos a partir de los derivados cloruros de La(III), Ce(III), Sm (III) e Yb(III) con ligandos cinamato, presentando coordinación bidentada entre el grupo carboxilo del ligando y el metal lantánido. Estos compuestos se utilizaron como huéspedes de la β-ciclodextrina con el fin de obtener complejos de inclusión mediante el método de co-precipitación, utilizando N,N-dimetilformamida como disolvente. Los productos de inclusión obtenidos fueron caracterizados mediante espectroscopia IR-ATR, Raman, UV-vis, RMN 1H, RMN 13C, DRX, TGA-DSC, análisis elemental y complexometría con EDTA. Se realizaron pruebas de actividad antibacteriana empleando 6 cepas ATTC (S. aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 29213, E. coli ATCC 25922, P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853, S. Typhimurium ATCC 14028 y K. pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146) mediante el método de microdilución con caldo Mueller-Hinton; los resultados de actividad biológica para los complejos lantánidos permitieron evidenciar el efecto sinérgico entre el catión lantánido y el ligando cinamato. Igualmente, para los complejos de inclusión se observó una disminución de la concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI) respecto a los complejos lantánidos iniciales. Los resultados obtenidos con el ADN de timo de ternera y el ADN plasmídico pBR322 permiten proponer una interacción electrostática entre los complejos evaluados y la estructura molecular del ADN.

Palabras clave

actividad antibacteriana, complejos de inclusión, complejos lantánidos, interacción con ADN


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