Yield of chicory 'Folha larga' and 'Pão de açúcar' according to planting density

Main Article Content

Autores

Joara Secchi Candian http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8892-1741
Mateus Vinicius Narciso Redigolo http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6007-092X
Walter Luiz de Proença Antunes http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5552-427X
Antonio Ismael Inácio Cardoso http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3251-9491

Abstract

Plant density directly influences the productive potential of crops, and the best density is not the same for all cultivars. Because of a lack of research in this area with chicory, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of plant density on the production of two chicory cultivars, Folha Larga and Pão de Açúcar. Seven planting densities were evaluated (444,444; 370,370; 333,333; 277,778; 266,667; 222,222 and 185,185 plants/ha); the experiment design used a randomized block design with four replications. The fresh weight, plant height, leaf number and yield were evaluated. Despite the fact that density did not influence plant height, mass reduction was observed in the fresh weight and number of leaves per plant and there was an increase in yield of both cultivars with the higher density.

Keywords:

Article Details

Licence

The copyright of the articles and illustrations are the property of the Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas. The editors authorize the use of the contents under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). The correct citation of the content must explicitly register the name of the journal, name (s) of the author (s), year, title of the article, volume, number, page of the article and DOI. Written permission is required from publishers to publish more than a short summary of the text or figures.

References

Bezerra Neto, F., A.P. Barros Júnior, E.O. Silva, M.Z. Negreiros, E.Q. Oliveira, L.M. Silveira, M.J.T. Câmara, and G.H.S. Nunes. 2006. Qualidade nutricional de cenoura e alface cultivadas em Mossoró-RN em função da densidade populacional. Hortic. Bras. 24, 476-480. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362006000400016

Carvalho, L.B. and C.D. Guzzo. 2008. Increased beet density in weed management. Planta Daninha 26, 73-82. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582008000100008

Castoldi, R., E.A. André, L.T. Braz, and H.C.O. Charlo. 2012. Performance of cultivars of crisp mini-lettuce with respect to ground cover and spacing, in three planting times. Acta Hortic. 936, 379-384. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.936.50

Corrêa, C.V., A.I.I Cardoso, L.G. Souza, W.L.P. Antunes, and L.A. Magolbo, 2014. Yield of beet depending on spacing. Hortic. Bras. 32, 140-144.

Cunha, A.R. and D. Martins. 2009. Classificação climática para os municípios de Botucatu e São Manoel, SP. Irriga 14, 1-11. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15809/irriga.2009v14n1p01

Ferreira, D.F. 2011. Sisvar - Sistema de análise de variância. Versão 5.3. 2011. UFLA, Lavras-MG, Brazil.

Filgueira, F.A.R. 2008. Novo manual de olericultura: agrotecnologia moderna na produção e comercialização de hortaliças. 3rd ed. Ed. UFV, Viçosa, Brazil.

Flesch, R.D. and L.C. Vieira. 2004. Spacing and plant populations of hybrids with different cycles in the west of Santa Catarina, Brasil. Ciência Rural 34(1), 25-31. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782004000100005

Godoi, R.S., J.L. Andriolo, J.C.C. Madalóz, D.I. Janisch, and C.A.P. Barros. 2007. Growth and yield of chicory plants under total N concentrations containing NH4+ in the nutrient solution. Ciência Rural 37, 1170-1173. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782007000400043

Lopes, W.A.R., M.Z Negreiros, T.M.S. Teófilo, S.S.V. Alves, C.M. Martins, G.H.S Nunes, and L.C. Grangeiro. 2008. Produtividade de cultivares de cenoura sob diferentes densidades de plantio. Rev. Ceres 55(5), 482-487.

Moniruzzaman, M. 2006. Effects of plant spacing and mulching on yield and profitability of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). J. Agric. Rural Dev. 4, 107-111.

Novo, M.C.S.S., P.E. Trani, and K. Minami. 2003. Performance of three chicory cultivars grown in greenhouse. Hortic. Bras. 21(1), 84-87.

Oliveira, A.P., J.A. Silva, A.N.P. Oliveira, D.F. Silva, R.R. Santos, and N.V. Silva. 2010. Gherkin yield influenced by spacing between rows and between plants in a row. Hortic. Bras. 28(3), 344-347. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362010000300017

Oliveira, R.G., L.F.O.S. Rodrigues, S. Seabra Jr., M.B. Silva, M.T.R. Nohama, A.M. Inagaki, and M.C.M. Nunes. 2011. Performance of lettuce cultivars in different densities under greenhouse and open field. Hortic. Bras. 29, 110-118.

Pereira, A.V., R.F. Otto, and M.Y. Reghin. 2003. Respostas do feijão-vagem cultivado sob proteção com agrotêxtil em duas densidades de plantas. Hortic. Bras. 21(3) 564-569. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362003000300030

Pôrto, D.R.Q., A.B. Cecílio Filho, B.L.A Rezende, A.P Barros Júnior, and G.S. Silva. 2012. Population density and planting time on the growth and yield of cauliflower cv. Verona. Caatinga 25, 92-98.

Purquerio, L.F.V., L.A.R. Demant, R. Goto, and R.L. Villas-Boas. 2007. Effect of side dressing nitrogen fertilization and distance between plants on yield of rocket salad. Hortic. Bras. 25, 464-470. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362007000300028

Raij, B.V., H. Cantarella, J.A. Quaggio, and A.M.C. Furlani. 1997. Recomendações de adubação e calagem para o estado de São Paulo. 2nd ed. Instituto Agronômico e Fundação IAC, Campinas, Brazil.

Santos, F., P.E., M.C.S.S. Trani Novo, and F.A. Passos. 2013. Agronomic performance of four chicory cultivars. Hortic. Bras. 31, 153-156. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362013000100024

Silva, G.S., A.B. Cecílio Filho, J.C. Barbosa, and A.U. Alves. 2011. Growth and yield of red cabbage as affected by distances between rows and plants. Bragantia 70, 538-543. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052011000300008

Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 2004. Fisiologia vegetal. Artmed, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Takahashi, K. and A.I.I. CardosoI. 2014. Plant density in production of mini lettuce cultivars in organic system management. Hortic. Bras. 32, 342-347. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362014000300017

Trani, P.E., H. Nagai, F.A. Passos, and J.A. Azevedo Filho. 1996. Alface, almeirão, chicória, escarola, rúcula e agrião d'água. In: Raij, J.B. van, H. Cantarella, J.A. Quaggio, and A.M.C. Furlani (eds.). Recomendações de adubação e calagem para o Estado de São Paulo. IAC Boletim Técnico 100, 168-169. Instituto Agronômico, Campinas, Brazil. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362014000300017

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.