Vulnerabilidad macroeconomica en latinoamerica y el caribe

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Giovanni E. Reyes


Este estudio aborda lo que se consideran son las características principales y comparativas, concernientes a la vulnerabilidad de las economías de los países latinoamericanos y caribeños. El período que se revisa es de 2000 a 2005. El objetivo fundamental es establecer comparaciones basadas en estudio por agrupaciones, las cuales a su vez se fundamentan en discriminaciones derivadas de promedios y desviaciones estándar. La finalidad es establecer hasta que punto las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas tienen márgenes de maniobra macroeconómica en función de sus condiciones a corto y mediano plazo. Los resultados muestran que los países mejor posicionados son aquellos que combinan un prudente manejo macroeconómico con notables ingresos externos de divisas, ya sea que los mismos se obtengan de servicios financieros, turismo e inversiones (Bahamas) o de turismo y exportaciones petroleras (Trinidad y Tobago).


This study examines the main and comparative features, concerning different levels of national economic vulnerability of Latin American and the Caribbean nations. The period under revision is from 2000 to 2005. It contains a qualified approach based on cluster analysis, which in turn is founded on delimiting divisions by means of standard deviations. The main objective of this article is to establish to what degree Latin American and the Caribbean nations have margin of macroeconomic manoeuvre, within their short and medium term conditions. Results show the best positioned countries regarding this issue are those which have been able to combine, a well-organized macroeconomic management, with high external revenues, either derived from financial services, tourism of investments (Bahamas) or tourism and oil exports (Trinidad and Tobago).

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