La estrategia de inflación objetivo en Colombia

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Johanna Cárdenas Pinzón


El  artículo  examina  las  principales  características  que  debe  tener  una economía para adoptar este  tipo de régimen (Esquema de Inflación Objetivo),además hace énfasis en el manejo de la política monetaria en Colombia en la década de los noventa, en 1991 la Constitución Política de Colombia le otorga independencia al Banco de la República y le adjudica como principal objetivo velar por el poder adquisitivo de  la moneda, de esta  forma  se da  inicio al cambio de régimen monetario, se empiezan a adoptar algunos de los elementos del esquema de inflación objetivo. En 1994 se cambia de régimen cambiario,se pasa del esquema de minidevaluaciones diarias (crawling peg) al sistema de bandas cambiarias, en 1999 se deja flotar del todo la tasa de cambio y a principios del nuevo milenio se adopta completamente el esquema de inflación objetivo utilizando como principal instrumento las Operaciones de Mercado Abierto (OMAs).


The article examines the most important characteristic that should have ann economy to adopt this régime type (Inflation Targeting), also makes emphasis in the monetary politics’s handling in Colombia in the decade of the ninety, in 1991 the Political Constitution of Colombia grants independence to the Bank of the Republic and it awards as main objective to look after the purchasing power of the currency, this way it is given it began to the change of monetary régime, they are begun to adopt some of the elements of the objective inflation. In 1994 it is changed exchange régime, spends of the outline of daily crawling peg, in 1999 it is allowed to float the rate of change completely and at the beginning of the new millennium it is adopted the inflation Targeting outline completely using as main instrument the Operations of Open Market (OMAs).




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