Morphological Characterization of 160 Accessions of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) from the Colombian Germplasm Bank

Main Article Content


Johanna Paola Garnica Montaña
Óscar Jair Rodríguez- Rodríguez
Camilo Ignacio Jaramillo-Barrios
Jorge Enrique Villamil Carvajal
Jorge Alberto Valencia Montoya


Sesame seed is an important plant in the production of high-quality edible oil for its high nutritional and therapeutic value. The characterization of accessions is necessary for the identification of parents with characteristics of interest for obtaining new genetic materials. 160 accessions of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) were characterized in the Nataima, municipality of El Espinal (Tolima), managed by the National Germplasm Banks System for Food and Agriculture, of which, 136 are from 25 countries; 81 descriptors were used, 30 quantitative and 51 qualitative. Factor analysis of mixed data was performed, and homogeneous groups were generated by cluster analysis for five groups of variables: plant and seedling, stem and root, leaf, seed and capsule and flower. 25 discriminating variables were selected from the previous structures and a new cluster analysis was performed. This generated five main groupings influenced by qualitative variables: habit, type of growth and height in plant and seedling; type of branching, pubescence and number of primary branches in stem and root; position, petiole length and leaf width; position of the capsule, color of the cover and number of capsules in seed and capsule and coloration of the corolla, extrafloral nectary and number of flowers per armpit in flower. The accessions TEHUANTEPEC SELEC, L-AJ-M-67, L-AJ-M-51, BROWN HAIR, CREOLE WHITE, NP-61, BACCHUS, INSTITUTE 104, RED CHINESE, R 198 and ACARIGUA present characteristics of interest that differentiate the formed groups. The discriminant variables and the identified materials allow the generation of varieties for future breeding programs in Colombia.


Article Details


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Licencia de Creative Commons

All papers included in the Revista Ciencia y Agricultura are published under  Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International


Azeez, M. A., Olowookere, M. B., Animasaun, D. A., & Bello, B. O. (2017). Utility of Some Floral Characters in the Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 109(1), 61–70.

Bedigian, D., Smyth, C. A., & Harlan, J. R. (1986). Patterns of Morphological Variation in Sesamum indicum. Economic Botany, 40, 353–365.

Cristaldo, R. (2007). Introducción y selección de cultivares de sésamo. En Jornada técnica científica del cultivo de sésamo (pp. 2–8). San Lorenzo, Campus Universitario.

Delgado, C. M. (1994). Correlations and Path Coefficients in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Bioagro, 6(1), 18–23.

Falusi, O. A., Yahaya, S. A., Gado, A. A., Daudu, O. A. Y., Akinbo, O. A., & Teixeira da Silva, O. A. (2015). Morphological Evaluation of Selected Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Genotypes from Five States in Northern Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(37), 3657–3661.

Furat, S., & Uzun, B. (2010). The Use of Agro-Morphological Characters for the Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Plant Omics, 3(3), 85–91. En

Hata, N., Hayashi, Y., Okazawa, A., Ono, E., Satake, H., & Kobayashi, A. (2012). Effect of Photoperiod on Growth of the Plants, and Sesamin Content and CYP81Q1 Gene Expression in the Leaves of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany, 75, 212–219.

Hidalgo, R. (2003). Variabilidad genética y caracterización de especies vegetales. En T. L. Franco & R. Hidalgo (eds.), Análisis estadístico de datos de caracterización morfológica de recursos fitogenéticos (pp. 77–84). Boletín Técnico n.º 8, Instituto Internacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos IPGRI.

Husson, F., Lê, S., & Pagès, J. (2010). Exploratory Multivariate Analysis by Example Using R. In Exploratory Multivariate Analysis by Example Using R. CRC Press.

IPGRI & NBPGR. (2004). Descriptors for Sesame (Sesamum spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy; and National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, India.

Ismaila, A., & Usman, A. (2014). Genetic Variability for Yield and Yield Components in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(9), 63–66.

Laurentin, H. (2017). UCLA-2, un nuevo cultivar de ajonjolí (Sesamum indicum L.) para los llanos occidentales de Venezuela. Bioagro, 29(1), 61- 64.

Laurentin, H., Montilla, D., & García, V. (2004). Relación entre el rendimiento de ocho genotipos de ajonjolí (Sesamum indicum L.) y sus componentes. Comparación de metodologías. Bioagro, 16(3), 153–162.

Mazzani, E., Marín, C., & Romero, J. R. (2007). Clasificación del banco de germoplasma de ajonjolí de Venezuela basada en escalas cualitativas. Agronomía Tropical, 57(1), 15–24.

Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones –MINTIC-. (2018). Evaluaciones agropecuarias municipales EVA.

Mooi, E., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). Cluster Analysis. In E. Mooi & M. Sarstedt (eds.), A Concise Guide to Market Research (pp. 237–284). Springer.

Morris, J. B. (2009). Characterization of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Germplasm Regenerated in Georgia, USA. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 56(7), 925–936.

Mustafa, H., Hasan, E., Ali, Q., Anwar, M., Aftab, M., & Mahmood, T. (2015). Selection Criteria for Improvement in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 9(4), 1–13.

Pacheco, C. A., Vergara, M. C., & Ligarreto, G. A. (2009). Clasificación de 85 accesiones de arveja (Pisum sativum L.), de acuerdo con su comportamiento agronómico y caracteres morfológicos. Agronomía Colombiana, 27(3), 323–332.

Pagès, J. (2004). Analyse factorielle de donnees mixtes: príncipe et exemple d’application. In Actes des XXXVIémes Journées de Statistique á Montpellier.

Pérez-Bolaños, J. D. J., & Salcedo-Mendoza, J. G. (2018). Componentes del rendimiento en cultivares de ajonjolí Sesamum indicum L. (Pedaliaceae), en el departamento de Sucre (Colombia). Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, 19(2), 263–273.

Pham, T. D., Nguyen, T. D. T., Carlsson, A. S., & Bui, T. M. (2010). Morphological Evaluation of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties from Different Origins. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 4(7), 498–450.

R Core Team (2017). A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

Rey, L. (1999). Recursos genéticos y mejoramiento. En L. Rey, E. Barragán, P. P. Herrera, E. Echeverry, A. Henao, M. D. Lozano, L. E. Gómez, R. Simmods, H. L. Vargas, & N. Sánchez (eds.), El cultivo de ajonjolí, producción y utilización (p. 200). Corpoica, Regional 6.

Valencia, R. A., Lobo A, M., & Ligarreto M, G. A. (2010). Estado del arte de los recursos genéticos vegetales en Colombia: sistema de bancos de germoplasma. Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, 11(1), 85–94.

Zárate, C. L., Oviedo, R. M., & González, D. D. (2011). Rendimiento del cultivo de sésamo (Sesamum indicum L.), variedad Mbarete, en diferentes épocas de siembra y poblaciones de plantas. Investigación Agraria, 13(2), 67–74.


Download data is not yet available.