Genotype-by-environment interaction of yield in guata potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the Department of Nariño (Colombia)

Interacción genotipo ambiente para rendimiento de papa guata (Solanum tuberosum L.) en el departamento de Nariño (Colombia)

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Astrid Viviana Santacruz-Benavides
Wilmer Libey Delgado-Gualmatán
Tulio César Lagos-Burbano
David-Esteban Duarte-Alvarado

Abstract

Estimating the genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI) of yield in potato genotypes is very useful for the identification of outstanding genetic material that can adapt to specific environmental conditions and shows productive potential for breeding programs, selection processes and recommendation of cultivars, since it allows to improve the efficiency of the genetic improvement process. The objective of this work was to determine the GEI of yield, expressed as t ha-1, in 21 potato genotypes. Four municipalities in the Department of Nariño were considered, namely Tangua, Pupiales, Imués, and Pasto. A randomized complete block design was conducted and an additive main effects and multiplicative interaction model (AMMI model) was used to analyze the data. Highly significant differences between environments were found across genotypes and GEI. Of the total variation, 42.43% was explained by the environment, 13.84% by the genotypes, and 15.49% by the GEI. The genotypes that showed stable behaviors were UdenarStGua55, UdenarStGua78, UdenarStGua24, UdenarStGua61, UdenarStGua20, and UdenarStGua98, genotypes UdenarStGua78 and UdenarStGua98 stood out with 53.49 and 48.42 t ha-1. Furthermore, genotypes UdenarStGua93, UdenarStGua97, and UdenarStGua91 showed a positive interaction with the environments of Tangua and Pupiales. Similarly, genotypes UdenarStGua58, UdenarStGua83, UdenarStGua57, and UdenarStGua87 positively interacted with Pasto, while genotypes UdenarStGua78 and UdenarStGua98 showed positive interactions with Imués. The genotypes displayed different behaviors in response to the areas where they were established, which varied regarding altitude, soil type, and environmental conditions.

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