Fruit characterization of 36 cape gooseberry hybrids for identification of its industrial or fresh consumption potential use

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Autores

Tulio César Lagos-Burbano https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9222-4674
Diego Fernando Mejía-España https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6707-5803
Oscar Arango-Bedoya https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4693-2212
Zulma Yizeth Villaquirán-Samboni https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1456-0685
Liz Katherine Lagos-Santander https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9932-0909
David Esteban Duarte-Alvarado http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8896-3594

Abstract

Cape gooseberry is the second most exported fruit of Colombia. There is, however, little information available concerning genetic improvement processes and limited research regarding the components of the fruit itself. The objective of this work was to characterize the fruit of 36 hybrids obtained from double haploid lines of cape gooseberry from the Tibaitatá Research Center of Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research. Hybrids that have potential to be useful in transformation processes or for fresh consumption were identified using Hierarchical Cluster (HC) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) with 20 physical, physicochemical, compositional, and physiological fruit descriptors obtained from four trials located in the Andean region of southern Colombia. According to the PCA, three components represented 73.6% of the total variability: postharvest (37.5%), sensory and nutritional quality (21.3%) and cracking percentage (14.8%). Six conglomerates were identified. Groups two, four, and six, showed aptitude for fresh consumption due to the size of the berry, high vitamin C content, maturity index and low cracking levels. Group one showed aptitude for processing and fresh consumption. Groups three and five registered high seed content, low maturity rates, and high cracking percentage.

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