Effects of the HDI on CO2 Emissions in Latin America and the Caribbean

Los efectos del IDH sobre las emisiones de CO2 en América Latina y el Caribe

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Virginia Elizabeth Rodríguez López
Tanya Shyrna Andino Chancay

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to assess the effect of the Human Development Index (HDI) on carbon dioxide emissions per capita with data from 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean for the period 1990-2019 with annual frequency. Regarding the level of human development, the indices of the income, health and education dimensions were estimated. A quantile regression was used to evaluate the effect of the HDI regressor on the different quantiles of the distribution of emissions per capita. According to the results, the effect is greater in the upper deciles of the distribution of emissions, therefore, if specific policies are not assumed in the environmental dimension, the achievement of higher levels of human development, indicated by a higher HDI, would have pernicious consequences on emissions, making development not go hand in hand with environmental sustainability. 

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Author Biographies (SEE)

Leobaldo Enrique Molero Oliva, Universidad del Zulia

  • Magíster en Economía, Economista, Docente en la Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo - Venezuela, correo electrónico leobaldo_molero@fces.luz.edu.veORCID 0000-0002-4024-7441

Virginia Elizabeth Rodríguez López, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí

  • Magíster en Comercio y Finanzas Internacionales, Ingeniero en Comercio Exterior y Negocios Internacionales, Docente en la Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, Manta - Ecuador, correo electrónico: rodriguez@uleam.edu.ecORCID 0000-0001-7462-0702

Tanya Shyrna Andino Chancay, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí

  • Magíster en Comercio y Finanzas Internacionales, Ingeniero en Comercio Exterior y Negocios Internacionales, , Docente en la Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, Manta - Ecuador,

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