Sanjaya Lall: la competitividad industrial y las capacidades tecnológicas

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Daniel Osorio-Barreto https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0848-6394
Carlos David Cardona-Arenas https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0089-1109
Cristhian Guillermo Naranjo Herrera https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2886-0067

Resumen

Este artículo busca identificar el desarrollo teórico y empírico del campo de investigación de la competitividad industrial en torno al concepto de capacidades tecnológicas propuesto por Sanjaya Lall en el marco de las firmas. Se emplea una metodología que consiste en la revisión sistemática de literatura durante el periodo comprendido entre 1987 y 2019. Como principal hallazgo, el estudio permitió identificar claramente tres líneas futuras de investigación sobre la dinámica de las capacidades tecnológicas, la estructura de incentivos y el análisis de las variables macrofundamentales, lo que permite concluir que existe un campo de estudio emergente con relación a las interacciones entre las capacidades tecnológicas, desde su perspectiva económica, y los recursos y capacidades desde la literatura estratégica y administrativa. Con lo cual este estudio aporta de manera significativa a la reflexión teórica en la relación que existe entre las capacidades tecnológicas y la gestión, las métricas de los recursos de la firma y los escenarios, ambientes y procesos de aprendizaje en el ámbito individual, colectivo, organizativo e interorganizativo de las firmas.

Palabras clave:

Detalles del artículo

Licencia

Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.

La revista está autorizada por una licencia Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional



 

Referencias

1. Adei, S. (1990). Technological Capacity and Aborted Industrialization in Ghana: The Case of Bonsa Tyre Company. World Development, 18(11), 1501–1511. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(90)90039-Z

2. Ahmad, R., & Bin Mohammad, H. (2019). Exploring the Relationship of Intellectual Capital, Board Characteristics and Business Performance: A Literature Review. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(2), 185-202. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3431798

3. Alam, G. (1985). India’s Technology Policy and Its Influence on Technology Imports and Technology Development. Economic and Political Weekly, 20(45, 46, 47), 2073-2080.

4. Albort-Morant, G., Leal-Rodríguez, A., Fernández-Rodríguez, V. & Ariza-Montes, A. (2018). Assessing the Origins, Evolution and Prospects of the Literature on Dynamic Capabilities: A Bibliometric Analysis. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 24, 42-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iedeen.2017.06.004

5. Al Jinini, D. K., Dahiyat, S. E., & Bontis, N. (2019). Intellectual Capital, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Technical Innovation in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. Knowledge and Process Management, 26(2), 69-85. https://doi.org/10.1002/kpm.1593

6. Ambrosini, V., Bowman, C. & Collier, N. (2009). Dynamic Capabilities: An Exploration of How Firms Renew their Resource Base. British Journal of Management, 20(1), S9–S24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2008.00610.x

7. Amsden, A.H. & Hikino, Takashi. (2006). Economic Nationalism and Income Distribution in Late Industrializing Countries. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/295756539_Economic_nationalism_and_income_distribution_in_late_industrializing_countries

8. Antrim, C. L. (2005, September). What Was Old Is New Again: Economic Potential of Deep Ocean Minerals the Second Time Around. In Proceedings of OCEANS 2005 MTS/IEEE (pp. 1311-1318). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/OCEANS.2005.1639936

9. Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). Bibliometrix: An R-Tool for Comprehensive Science Mapping Analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11(4), 959–975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2017.08.007

10. Arvanitis, R., Villavicencio, D., & Wei, Z. (2014). L’apprentissage technologique dans les pays émergents. Revue D’anthropologie Des Connaissances, 8, 3(3), 495. https://doi.org/10.3917/rac.024.0495

11. Arya, A., & Bhaduri, S. (2018). Technological Capabilities in the Indian Ayurveda Medicine Industry: Lessons for ‘Industrialisation’ of Alternative Medicine in the Post-WTO Regime. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 10(3), 287-298. https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2018.1455314

12. Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99–120. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639101700108

13. Barro, R. (1991). Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(425), 407-443.

14. Barro, R., & Lee, J.-W. (1994). Sources of economic growth. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 40, 1-46. https://doi.org/10.2307/2937943

15. Barro, R., & Sala-i-Martin, X. (2004). Economic Growth. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

16. Bell, M. (2006). Time and Technological Learning in Industrialising Countries: How Long Does it Take? How Fast Is it Moving (if at All)? International Journal of Technology Management, 36(1/2/3), 25–39. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2006.009959

17. Bell, M., & Pavitt, K. (1992). Accumulating Technological Capability in Developing Countries. The World Bank Economic Review, 6(suppl 1), 257–281. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/6.suppl_1.257

18. Beyhan, B., & Cetindamar, D. (2013). No Escape from The Dominant Theories: The Analysis of Intellectual Pillars of Technology Management in Developing Countries. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 78, 103–115. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4887-6_2

19. Biggs, T., Shah, M., & Srivastava, P. (1995). Technological Capabilities and Learning in African Enterprises. World Bank Technical Paper. http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/649901468773714947/pdf/multi0page.pdf

20. Bowonder, B. (1998). Industrialisation and Economic Growth of India: Interactions of Indigenous and Foreign Technology. International Journal of Technology Management, 15(6-7), 622-644. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.1998.002624

21. Brown, F., & Domínguez, L. (2004). Medición de las capacidades tecnológicas en la industria mexicana. Revista CEPAL, (83), 135–151. https://www.cepal.org/es/publicaciones/10969-medicion-capacidades-tecnologicas-la-industria-mexicana

22. Carattoli, M. (2013). Capacidades dinámicas: líneas promisorias y desafíos de investigación. Cuadernos de Administración, 26(47), 165-204. http://www.scielo.org.co/pdf/cadm/v26n47/v26n47a08.pdf

23. Cass, D. (1965). Optimum Growth in an Aggregative Model of Capital Accumulation. The Review of Economic Studies, 32(3), 233-240. https://doi.org/10.2307/2295827

24. Chang, H. J. (2012). The Manufacturing Sector and the Future of Malaysia’s Economic Development. Journal Pengurusan, 35, 3–12. http://journalarticle.ukm.my/5799/

25. Chen, L. C. (2013). Jumping Over Latecomers’ Upgrading Barriers: The Exploration of China’s Upgrading Opportunities By Taiwan’s Machine Tool Industry. In Proceeding of the 2013 “Suzhou-Silicon Valley-Beijing” International Innovation Conference: Technology Innovation and Diasporas in a Global Era, SIIC 2013, (pp. 320–325) IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/SIIC.2013.6624208

26. Chica, R. (2007a). Elementos de política de desarrollo productivo. Universidad Autónoma de Manizales.

27. Chica, R. (2007b). Latinoamérica frente a la globalización: una estrategia alternativa de desarrollo. Universidad Autónoma de Manizales.

28. Coombs, J. E., & Bierly, P. E. (2006). Measuring Technological Capability and Performance. R and D Management, 36(4), 421–438. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9310.2006.00444.x

29. Cusumano, M. A., & Elenkov, D. (1994). Linking International Technology Transfer With Strategy And Management: A Literature Commentary. Research Policy, 23(2), 195–215. https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(94)90053-1

30. Dahlman, C. J., Ross-Larson, B., & Westphal, L. E. (1987). Managing Technological Development: Lessons from the Newly Industrializing Countries. World Development, 15(6), 759–775. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(87)90058-1

31. De Pablos, P. O., & Edvinsson, L. (Eds.). (2020). Intellectual Capital in the Digital Economy. Routledge.

32. Dutrénit, G. (2004). Building Technological Capabilities in Latecomer Firms: A Review Essay. Science, Technology and Society, 9(2), 209–241. https://doi.org/10.1177/097172180400900202

33. Dutrénit, G. (2007). The Transition from Building‐Up Innovative Technological Capabilities to Leadership by Latecomer Firms. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation, 15(2), 125–149. https://doi.org/10.1080/19761597.2007.9668640

34. Dutrénit, G., & Capdevielle, M. (1993). El perfil tecnológico de la industria mexicana y su dinámica innovadora en la década de los ochenta. El Trimestre Económico, (239), 643–674.

35. Dutrénit, G., Natera, J. M., Puchet Anyul, M., & Vera-Cruz, A. O. (2019). Development Profiles And Accumulation of Technological Capabilities in Latin America. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 145, 396–412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.03.026

36. Enos, J. (1991). The Creation of Technological Capability in Developing Countries, a study prepared for the International Labour Office (ILO) within the framework of the World Employment Programme. Pinter Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1080/08109029408629390

37. Fessehaie, J. (2013). The Impact of Privatisation on Technological Upgrading: A Case Study. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 5(6), 499–509. https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2013.820456

38. Fransman, M., & King, K. (1984). Technological Capability in the Third World. Macmillan. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-17487-4_1

39. Figueiredo, P. N. (2014). Beyond Technological Catch-Up: An Empirical Investigation of Further Innovative Capability Accumulation Outcomes in Latecomer Firms with Evidence from Brazil. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 31, 73-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2013.10.008

40. Freeman, C. (1994). The Economics of Technical Change. Cambridge Journal of Economics. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/24231814

41. Gammeltoft, P. (2003). Embedded Flexible Collaboration and Development of Local Capabilities: A Case Study of the Indonesian Electronics Industry. International Journal of Technology Management, 26(7), 743. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2003.003454

42. Gammeltoft, P. (2004). Development of Firm-Level Technological Capabilities: The Case of the Indonesian Electronics Industry. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 9(1), 49–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/13547860310001628294

43. García, F. E., & Navas, J. E. (2007). Las capacidades tecnológicas y los resultados empresariales. Un estudio empírico en el sector biotecnológico español. Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa, 10(32), 177–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1138-5758(07)70095-6

44. Gaviria, M., Merigó, J. M., & Baier-Fuentes, H. (2019). Knowledge Management: A Global Examination Based on Bibliometric Analysis. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 140, 194-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.07.006

45. Gonsen, R. (1998). Tecnhological Capabilities in Developing Countries: Industrial Biotechnology in Mexico. Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-26369-1

46. Hansen, U. E., & Ockwell, D. (2014). Learning and Technological Capability Building in Emerging Economies: The Case of the Biomass Power Equipment Industry in Malaysia. Technovation, 34(10), 617–630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2014.07.003

47. Hansen, E. U., & Lema, R. (2019). The Co-Evolution of Learning Mechanisms and Technological Capabilities: Lessons from Energy Technologies in Emerging Economies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 140, 241–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TECHFORE.2018.12.007

48. Hsu, J. Y., Poon, J. P., & Yeung, H. W. C. (2008). External Leveraging and Technological Upgrading Among East Asian Firms in the US. European Planning Studies, 16(1), 99–118. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654310701747993

49. Iguchi, C. (2008). Determinants of Backward Linkages: The Case of TNC Subsidiaries in Malaysia. Asian Business and Management, 7(1), 53–73. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.abm.9200244

50. Ince, H., Imamoglu, S. Z., & Turkcan, H. (2016). The Effect of Technological Innovation Capabilities and Absorptive Capacity on Firm Innovativeness: A Conceptual Framework. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235, 764–770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.11.078

51. İpek, İ. (2019). Organizational Learning in Exporting: A Bibliometric Analysis and Critical Review of the Empirical Research. International Business Review, 28(3), 544-559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2018.11.010

52. Jonker, M., Romijn, H., & Szirmai, A. (2006). Technological Effort, Technological Capabilities and Economic Performance: A Case Study of the Paper Manufacturing Sector in West Java. Technovation, 26(1), 121–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2004.10.002

53. Jun, I. W., & Rowley, C. (2019). Competitive Advantage and the Transformation of Value Chains Over Time: The Example of A South Korean Diversified Business Group, 1953–2013. Business History, 61(2), 343-370. https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2018.1430141

54. Kaldor , N. (1970). The Case for Regional Policies. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 17(3), 337-348.

55. Kaldor, N. (1961). Capital Accumulation and Economic Growth. The Theory of Capital. Macmillan. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-08452-4_10

56. Kaldor, N. (1975, Dec.). Economic Growth and the Verdoorn Law. A Coment on Mr. Rowthorn´s Article. The Economic Journal, 15, 891-896. https://doi.org/10.2307/2230633

57. Kale, D. (2019). From Small Molecule Generics to Biosimilars: Technological Upgrading and Patterns of Distinctive Learning Processes in the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 145, 370-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.09.020

58. Kiamehr, M. (2017). Paths of Technological Capability Building in Complex Capital Goods: The Case of Hydro Electricity Generation Systems in Iran. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 122, 215–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.03.005

59. Kim, L. (1999). Building Technological Capability for Industrialization: Analytical Frameworks and Korea’s Experience. Industrial and Corporate Change, 8(1), 111–136. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/8.1.111

60. Kim, L., & Kim, Y. (1985). Innovation in a Newly Industrializing Country: A Multiple Discriminant Analysis. Management Science, 31(3), 312–322.

61. Kogut, B., & Zander, U. (1992). Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology. Organization Science, 3(3), 383–397. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.3.3.383

62. Kook, S. H., Kim, K. H., & Lee, C. (2017). Dynamic Technological Diversification and its Impact on Firms’ Performance An Empirical Analysis of Korean IT Firms. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071239

63. Koopmans, T. (1965). On the Concept of Optimal Economic Growth. In T. Koopmans, The Econometric Approach to Development Planning. North Holland.

64. Lall, S. (1991). Explaining Industrial Success in the Developing World. In V. Balasubramanyam, & S. Lall (Eds.), Current Issues in Development Economics (pp. 118-155). Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-21587-4_7

65. Lall, S. (1992). Technological Capabilities and Industrialization. World Development, 20(2), 165–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(92)90097-F

66. Lall, S. (2001). Competitiveness, Technology and Skills. Edward Elgar Publishing.

67. Lavarello, P., Mancini, M., & Sarabia, A. (2017). Respuestas nacionales frente a la desindustrialización. Algunas lecciones de la política industrial de Argentina 2003-2015. Cuadernos del Cendes, 34(95), 67–89.

68. Lee, C. W., Hayter, R., & Edgington, D. W. (2010). Large and Latecomer Firms: The Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company and Taiwan’s Electronics Industry. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 101(2), 177–198. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9663.2009.00539.x

69. Liu, S. J. (1998). Industrial Development and Structural Adaptation in Taiwan: Some Issues of Learned Entrepreneurship. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 45(4), 338–348. https://doi.org/10.1109/17.728575

70. López, A. (2010). Innovation and IPR in a Catch-Up-Falling-Behind Process. Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch Up: An International Comparative Study: An International Comparative Study. Oxford Scholarship Online. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0008

71. Lorentzen, J., Muller, L., Manamela, A., & Gastrow, M. (2011). Smart Specialization and Global Competitiveness: Multinational Enterprises and Location-Specific Assets in Cape Town. African Journal of Business Management, 5(12), 4782–4791. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM10.980

72. Lucas, R. (1988). On the Mechanism of Economic Development. Journal of Monetary Economics, 22, 3-42.

73. Lucas, R. (1990). Why Doesn ́t Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Nations? American Economic Review, 80(2), 92-96. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2006549

74. Madanmohan, T. R., Kumar, U., & Kumar, V. (2004). Import-Led Technological Capability: A Comparative Analysis of Indian and Indonesian Manufacturing Firms. Technovation, 24(12), 979–993. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4972(03)00030-0

75. Martín, G., Díez-Vial, I., & Delgado-Verde, M. (2019). Intellectual Capital and the Firm: Evolution and Research Trends. Journal of Intellectual Capital. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-12-2018-0221

76. Martins, V. W. B., Rampasso, I. S., Anholon, R., Quelhas, O. L. G., & Leal Filho, W. (2019). Knowledge Management in the Context of Sustainability: Literature Review and Opportunities for Future Research. Journal of Cleaner Production, 229, 489-500. https://doi.org/j.jclepro.2019.04.354

77. Miller, D. (2019). The Resource-Based View of the Firm. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.013.4

78. More, R. Z., & Jain, K. (2013). Innovation and Competitiveness Among the Firms in the Indian Automobile Cluster. Innovation and Development, 3(2), 187-204.

79. Moreira, A. C. (2008). Upstream Linkages Between Tncs and Local Suppliers: Evidences from Portugal. World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 5(1), 28–48. https://doi.org/10.1504/WRSTSD.2008.017811

80. Myint, M. M., Rasiah, R., & Singaravelloo, K. (2015). Globalization of Industrialization and its Impact on Clothing Workers in Myanmar. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 20(1), 100–110. https://doi.org/10.1080/13547860.2014.974330

81. Oliva, F.L., Couto, M.H.G., Santos, R.F. & Bresciani, S. (2019). The Integration Between Knowledge Management and Dynamic Capabilities in Agile Organizations. Management Decision, 57(8), 1960-1979. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-06-2018-0670

82. Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B. (2003). Knowledge Networks and Technological Capabilities in the African Manufacturing Cluster. Science, Technology and Society, 8(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/097172180300800101

83. Pack, H., & Westphal, L. E. (1986). Industrial Strategy and Technological Change: Theory Versus Reality. Journal of Development Economics, 22(1), 87–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3878(86)90053-2

84. Peerally, J. A., & Cantwell, J. A. (2012). Changes in Trade Policies and the Heterogeneity of Domestic and Multinational Firms’ Strategic Response: The Effects on Firm-Level Capabilities. World Development, 40(3), 469–485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.09.020

85. Pérez-Escatel, A., & Pérez, V. (2009). Competitividad y acumulación de capacidades tecnológicas en la industria manufacturera mexicana. Investigación Económica, 68(268), 159–187.

86. Pérez-Hernández, C. C. (2020). Drivers of Technological Capability in Mexico: The Mesoeconomic Factors that Impulse the Techno-Scientific Products. Contaduría y Administración, 65(1). https://doi.org/10.22201/FCA.24488410E.2019.2057

87. Poon, J. P. H., & Sajarattanochote, S. (2010). Asian Transnational Enterprises and Technology Transfer in Thailand. European Planning Studies, 18(5), 691–707. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654311003594026

88. Popli, M., Akbar, M., Kumar, V., & Gaur, A. (2017). Performance Impact of Temporal Strategic Fit: Entrainment of Internationalization with Pro-Market Reforms. Global Strategy Journal, 7(4), 354–374. https://doi.org/10.1002/gsj.1160

89. Porter, M. (1990). La ventaja competitiva de las naciones. Vergara.

90. Ramsey, F. (1928). A Mathematical Theory of Saving. The Economic Journal, 38(152), 543-559. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2224098

91. Rasiah, R. (2004). Foreign Firms, Technological Capabilities and Economic Performance. Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asieco.2005.08.008

92. Rebelo, S. (1991). Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth. The Journal of Political Economy, 99(3), 500-521. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2937740

93. Reddy, N. M., & Zhao, L. (1990). International Technology Transfer: A Review. Research Policy, 19(4), 285–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(90)90015-X

94. Santos, J., Zawislak, P., Franzoni, G., & Vieira, H. (2015). Searching for a Path: A Bibliometric Study on Innovation and Technological Capabilities. International Journal of Innovation 58. https://doi.org/10.5585/iji.v3i2.58

95. Shi, Y. (2005). Technological Capabilities and Foreign Direct Investment in China. Resources, Technology and Strategy, 10, 243. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203982259

96. Solow, R. (1956). A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70(1), 65-94. https://doi.org/10.2307/1884513

97. Sussangkarn, C., & Manupipatpong, W. (2015). A View from ASEAN. In M. Kawai, Y. Park, & C. Wyplosz (Eds.), Monetary and Financial Cooperation in East Asia. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714156.001.0001

98. Swan, T. (1956). Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation. Economic Record, 32(2), 334-361. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4932.1956.tb00434.x

99. Teece, D., & Pisano, G. (2003). The Dynamic Capabilities of Firms. In Handbook on Knowledge Management (pp. 195-213). Springer. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-540-24748-7_10

100. United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (2017). Industrial Development Report 2018: Demand for Manufacturing: Driving Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development. UNIDO. https://www.unido.org/sites/default/files/files/2017-11/IDR2018_OVERVIEW_ENGLISH.pdf

101. Usawa, H. (1965). Optimum Technical Change in An Aggregative Model of Economic Growth. International Economic Review, 6(1), 18-31. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2525621

102. Villavicencio, D., & Arvanitis, R. (1994). Transferencia de tecnología y aprendizaje tecnológico. Reflexiones basadas en trabajos empíricos. El Trimestre Económico, 61(2)(242), 257–279.

103. Wong, P. K., & Mathews, J. (2005). Competitive Strategies of Asian High-Tech Firms: The Challenge of Late-Industrialisation. International Journal of Technology Management, 29(1-2), 1-5. http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/44381

104. Zhou, H. J., Wu, D., Wu, X. B., & Peng, X. M. (2009). Strategic Technology Alliance and Rapid Accumulation of Technological Capabilities in Emerging Economies. IEEM 2009-IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, 39–43. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEM.2009.5373461

105. Zuo, L., Fisher, G. J., & Yang, Z. (2019). Organizational Learning and Technological Innovation: The Distinct Dimensions of Novelty and Meaningfulness that Impact Firm Performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 47(6), 1166-1183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-019-00633-1

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.