Bilateral Trade Agreements: the Colombian Case (1990-2015)

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Carolina Rojas Sánchez
Álvaro Pío Gómez Olaya


The proliferation of bilateral trade agreements has created a phenomenon known in the literature as “hub and spoke” bilateralism. In this context, Colombia’s trade policy is geared towards the signing of bilateral trade agreements. This article evaluates the policy of signing bilateral agreements implemented by Colombia between 1990 and 2015. We analyse trade flows between Colombia and several countries using Baldwin’s HM index of hub-ness (2004) and the matrix of Chen (2008). The results obtained
question the Colombian policy of signing trade agreements.


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