Potencial en el uso de las propiedades químicas como indicadores de calidad de suelo. Una revisión

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Joan Sebastián Gutiérrez D. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6052-9588
William Andrés Cardona http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9610-4135
Oscar Iván Monsalve C. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2302-805X

Resumen

La necesidad de entender y evaluar la calidad de los suelos en sistemas de productivos agrícolas es un tema de creciente importancia en la actualidad, debido al interés sobre la determinación de los impactos de las distintas prácticas de manejo en la sostenibilidad del recurso suelo. El objetivo de esta revisión es brindar un panorama general sobre el concepto de calidad de suelo, indicadores para su evaluación y exponer algunas investigaciones realizadas con respecto al potencial de las propiedades químicas para ser usadas como indicadores de calidad de suelos. Entre las propiedades químicas que pueden considerarse como indicadores se encuentran la disponibilidad de nutrimentos, el contenido de carbono orgánico total y carbono orgánico lábil, el pH, la capacidad de fijación de fosfatos, la conductividad eléctrica, la capacidad de intercambio catiónico, contenido de nitrógeno total y mineralizable, y de materia orgánica. Se resalta la importancia de las técnicas multivariantes para definir aquellas propiedades químicas con potencial para ser indicadores de calidad de suelo. La creciente preocupación sobre el uso sostenible del recurso suelo, genera la necesidad de desarrollar enfoques y herramientas que permitan generar diagnósticos acerca de los efectos que tienen las prácticas de manejo implementadas en los sistemas de producción agrícola, es decir, que brinden información acerca de la calidad del suelo en un determinado contexto.

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