Factores que intervienen en el proceso de mineralización de nitrógeno cuando son aplicadas enmiendas orgánicas al suelo. Una revisión

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Oscar Iván Monsalve-C. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2302-805X
Johan Sebastián Gutiérrez-D. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6052-9588
William Andrés Cardona https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9610-4135


La aplicación de enmiendas orgánicas es una práctica que se hace regularmente en sistemas de cultivos, con el fin de mejorar propiedades físicas y químicas del suelo y aportar nutrientes como nitrógeno (N). Para que las plantas puedan absorberlo, gran cantidad del N que es aportado a través de las enmiendas orgánicas, debe ser transformado de sus formas orgánicas a inorgánicas, en un proceso denominado mineralización. Se han desarrollado una gran cantidad de investigaciones tendientes a entender este proceso, y, cómo el aporte de enmiendas orgánicas influye en su dinámica. Esta revisión proporciona una visión global sobre los factores, de suelo y enmienda, que intervienen en el proceso de mineralización de N cuando se aplican al suelo enmiendas orgánicas de diferentes fuentes.


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