Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Physical characteristics of cashew apples from dwarf cashew (<i>Anacardium occidentale</i> L.) clones as a function of environmental and temporal variation

Abstract

Cashew apple physical quality variables include different external characteristics, such as appearance, size, color, shape, and firmness, among others, which are very important in commercialization because they are the first characteristics perceived by consumers, who usually buy what attracts them most. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the region, production year and genotype on the physical characteristics of dwarf cashew cashews (cashew apple + nut). The experiment design was completely randomized in a factorial scheme with repeated measurements over time, applying the confounding technique, with three clones (CCP 09, BRS 265 and PRO 555-1) in two different regions, sertão (Alto Santo-CE) and coast (Beberibe-CE), with four replications, collected in 2013 and 2014. In the laboratory, the cashews were evaluated for total mass (nut and cashew apple) (g), nut and cashew apple mass (g), length (mm), apical and basal diameters of the cashew apple (mm) and firmness of the cashew apple (N). It was observed that the region and the production year influenced the physical quality of the cashews. Among the clones that were studied, CCP 09 was the only one that presented a similar behavior in both regions, showing that it can obtain satisfactory quality in different environments. The other clones differed, presenting superior physical quality on the coast. In the sertão region, the best adapted clone was CCP 09 and, on the coast, it was the PRO 555-1 clone.

Keywords

Environmental conditions, size, physical quality, rainfall.

PDF (Português (Brasil))

References

  1. Alves, E.S., J.E. Cardoso, L.G.C. Silva e J.S. Lima. 2013. Interação das condições edafoclimáticas com a resinose do cajueiro. Enciclopédia Biosfera 9(16), 1320-1345.
  2. Aular, J. e W. Natale. 2013. Nutrição mineral e qualidade do fruto de algumas frutíferas tropicais: goiabeira, mangueira, bananeira e mamoeiro. Rev. Bras. Frutic. 35 (4), 1214-1231. Doi: 10.1590/S0100-29452013000400033
  3. Ferreira, D.F. 2008. Sisvar: um programa para análises e ensino de estatística. Rev. Symposium 6(2), 36- 41.
  4. FUNCEME (Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos). 2014. Calendário das chuvas no estado do Ceará. Em: http://www.funceme.br/index.php/ areas/tempo/calendariodaschuvas; acessado em janeiro de 2014.
  5. FUNCEME (Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos). 2015. Calendário das chuvas no estado do Ceará. Em: http://www.funceme.br/index.php/ areas/tempo/calendariodaschuvas; acessado em janeiro de 2015.
  6. García-Tejero, I., R. Romero-Vicente, J.A. Jiménez-Bocanegra, G. Martínez-García, V.H. Durán-Zuazo e J.L. Muriel-Fernández. 2010. Response of citrus trees to deficit irrigation during different phenological periods in relation to yield, fruit quality, and water productivity. Agric. Water Manag. 97 (5), 689-699. Doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2009.12.012
  7. Khaliq, G., M.T.M. Mohamed, A. Ali, P. Ding e H.M. Ghazali. 2015. Effect of gum arabic coating combined with calcium chloride on physico-chemical and qualitative properties of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit during low temperature storage. Sci. Hortic. 190, 187-194. Doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.04.020
  8. Léchaudel, M. e J. Joas. 2007. An overview of preharvest factors influencing mango fruit growth, quality and postharvest behaviour. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 19 (4), 287-298. Doi: 10.1590/S1677-04202007000400004
  9. Lopes, M.M.A., C.F.H. Moura, F.A.Z. Aragão, T.G. Cardoso e J. Enéas Filho. 2011. Caracterização física de pedúnculos de clones de cajueiro anão precoce em diferentes estádios de maturação. Rev. Cienc. Agron. 42(4), 914- 920. Doi: 10.1590/S1806-66902011000400013
  10. Madani, B., M.T.M. Mohamed, C.B. Watkins, J. Kadir, Y. Awang e T.R. Shojaei. 2014. Prehavest calcium chloride sprays affect ripening of Eksotika II’ papaya fruits during cold storage. Sci. Hortic. 171, 6-13. Doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.03.032
  11. Melém Júnior, N.J., I.C.B. Fonseca, O.R. Brito, T. Decaëns, M.M. Carneiro, M.F.A. Matos, M.C. Guedes, J.A.L. Queiroz e K.O. Barroso. 2008. Análise de componentes principais para avaliação de resultados analíticos da fertilidade de solos do Amapá. Semina Ciênc. Agrár. 29 (3), 499-506.
  12. Navarro, J.M., J.G. Pérez-Pérez, P. Romero e P. Botía. 2010. Analysis of the changes in quality in mandarin fruit, produced by deficit irrigation treatments. Food Chem. 119 (4), 1591-1596. Doi: 10.1016/j. foodchem.2009.09.0488
  13. Pérez-Pérez, J.G., J.M. Robles e P. Botía. 2014. Effects of deficit irrigation in different fruit growth stages on ‘Star Ruby’ grapefruit trees in semi-arid conditions. Agric. Water Manag. 133, 44–54. Doi: 10.1016/j. agwat.2013.11.002
  14. Prado, R.M. 2012. Nutrição de plantas: Diagnose foliar em frutíferas. Gráfica Multipress Ltda., Jaboticabal-SP, Brasil.
  15. Ronquim, C.C. 2010. Conceitos de fertilidade do solo e manejo adequado para as regiões tropicais. Embrapa Monitoramento por Satélite. Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento 8.
  16. Shinozaki, K. e K. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki. 2007. Gene networks involved in drought stress response and tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 58, 221-227. Doi: 10.1093/jxb/ erl164
  17. Silva, F.C. 2009. Manual de análises químicas de solos, plantas e fertilizantes. 2a ed. EMBRAPA, Brasília, Brasil.
  18. Wang, G., X.Z. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Xu e Z. Han. 2015. Key minerals influencing apple quality in Chinese orchard identified by nutritional diagnosis of leaf and soil analysis. J. Integr. Agric. 14(5), 864-874. Doi: 10.1016/ S2095-3119(14)60877-7

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.