It is possible to maintain productivity and quality standards in carnation with less nitrogen in the fertigation formula

Es posible mantener estándares de productividad y calidad en clavel con menos nitrógeno en la fórmula de fertirriego

Main Article Content

Adriana del Pilar Baracaldo
Víctor J. Flórez
Carlos A. González


Although nitrogen is the most widely used fertilizer in agriculture, it contaminates the surface and groundwater through leaching. A decrease in the concentration of total nitrogen and changes in the ammonium:nitrate ratio can provide information for a better use of this nutrient. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a decrease in total nitrogen and an increase in the percentage of N-NH4+ on indicators of growth, productivity, quality and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in carnation cultivation. In the Centro Agropecuario Marengo at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, two concentrations of total nitrogen were evaluated (200-140 mg L-1 in the vegetative phase and 160-112 mg L-1 in the productive phase) with three ratios of N-NH4:N-NO3 (5:95, 15:85 and 25:75) in standard carnation plants cv. Don Pedro grown in substrate. In both fertigation formulas, similar productivity and qualities were obtained, and the formula with less total N provided better NUE, mitigating the negative impact of this nutrient on the environment. Likewise, the ammoniacal component played a preponderant role: the number of floral stems per plant decreased as the ammoniacal component increased, similar to that observed with the percentage of flowering stems in the ‘Select’ quality grade.



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References (SEE)

Abasi, H., Babalar, M., Lessani, H. y Naderi, R. 2016. Effects of nitrogen form of nutrient solution on uptake and concentration macro element and morphological trait in hydroponic tulip. J. Plant Nutr. 39(12), 1745-1751. Doi: 10.1080/01904167.2016.1201110

Azcón-Bieto, J. y M. Talón. 2000. Fundamentos de fisiología vegetal. Interamericana McGraw Hill, Barcelona: 522p.

Baracaldo A, A. del P., Ibagué O, A. y Flórez R, V.J. 2010. Tasas e índices de crecimiento a segundo pico de cosecha en clavel estándar cv. Nelson cultivado en suelo y en sustratos substrates to second harvest peak. Agron. Colomb. 28(2), 209-217.

Barker, A. y G. Bryson. 2007. Nitrogen. pp. 22-23. En: Barker, A.V y Pilbeam, D. J. (eds.). Handbook of plant nutrition. CRC Press. Taylor y Francis, Boca Raton.

Cabrera, R.I. 2006. Consideraciones sobre nutrición mineral y fertilización en rosas. pp. 145-161. En: Flórez, V.J. de la C. Fernández, A.; Miranda, D.; Chaves, B y J.M. Guzmán. (eds.). Avances sobre fertirriego en la floricultura colombiana. Editorial Universidad Nacional de Colombia Unibiblos, Bogotá.

Cárdenas M., C.A., Rivera G., I.F., Flórez R., V.J., Chaves C., B. y C. Piedrahíta W. 2006. Growth analysis of standard carnation cv. “Nelson” in different substrates. Acta Hortic. 718, 623-629.

Carranza, C., Lanchero, O., Miranda, D. y B. Chaves. 2009. Análisis del crecimiento de lechuga (Lactuca sativa L.) “Batavia” cultivada en un suelo salino de la Sabana de Bogotá. Agron. Colomb. 27(1), 41-48.

Carrillo P., I.F., Mejía M., B. y A. Franco H.F. 1994. Manual de laboratorio para análisis foliares. Cenicafé, Chinchiná.

Criollo, H. y García, J. 2009. Efecto de la densidad de siembra sobre el crecimiento de plantas de rábano (Raphanus sativus L.) bajo invernadero. Rev. Colomb. Cienc. Hortic. 3(2), 210-222.

Dufour, L. y V. Guérin. 2005. Nutrient solution effects on the development and yield of Anthurium andreanum Lind. in tropical soilless conditions. Sci. Hortic. 105(2), 269-282. Doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2005.01.022

Good, A.G., Shrawat, A.K. y D.G. Muench. 2004. Can less yield more? Is reducing nutrient input into the environment compatible with maintaining crop production? Trends Plant Sci. 9(12), 597-605. Doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2004.10.008

Grime, J.P. y R. Hunt. 1975. Relative Growth-Rate: Its Range and Adaptive Significance in a Local Flora. J. Ecol. 63(2), 393. Doi: 10.2307/2258728

Hunt, R. 1978. Plant growth analysis. Edward Arnold Publishers, London.

Jin, X., Yang, G., Tan, C. y C. Zhao. 2015. Effects of nitrogen stress on the photosynthetic CO2 assimilation, chlorophyll fluorescence, and sugar-nitrogen ratio in corn. Sci. Rep. 5, 1-9. Doi: 10.1038/srep09311

Khalaj, M.A., Kiani, S., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H. y R. Amoaghaie. 2017. Growth, quality, and physiological characteristics of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) cut flowers in response to different NO3−:NH4+ ratios. Hortic. Environ. Biotechnol. 58(4), 313–323. Doi: 10.1007/s13580-017-0067-7

Kiba, T., Kudo, T., Kojima, M. y H. Sakakibara. 2011. Hormonal control of nitrogen acquisition: Roles of auxin, abscisic acid, and cytokinin. J. Exp. Bot. 62(4), 1399-1409. Doi: 10.1093/jxb/erq410

Kumar, A. Rana, G.S, Sharma, R. y D.S. Prince. 2016. Flowering of Carnation as Influenced by different Levels of Nitrogen and Azotobacter Strains. Indian J. Hortic. 6(2), 222-225.

Lupini, A., Princi, M.P., Araniti, F., Miller, A.J., Sunseri, F. y M.R. Abenavoli. 2017. Physiological and molecular responses in tomato under different forms of N nutrition. J. Plant Physiol. 216, 17-25. Doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2017.05.013

Muthukrishnan, R., Arulmozhiselvan, K., Jawaharlal, M. y T. Padmavathi. 2014. Recovery of fertilizer nitrogen by carnation grown with nutripellet pack and soil nitrogen retention using 15 N tracer. Res. Enviroment Life Sci. 7(4), 271-274.

Rahman, M.A., Sarker, M.A.Z., Amin, M.F., Jahan, A.H.S. y M.M. Akhter. 2011. Yield response and nitrogen use efficiency of wheat under different doses and split application of nitrogen fertilizer. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res. 36, 231–240.

Roosta, H.R., 2014. Effect of ammonium: Nitrate ratios in the response of strawberry to alkalinity in hydroponics. J. Plant Nutr. 37(10), 1676-1689. Doi: 10.1080/01904167.2014.888749

Santos, C. M., Segura, A. M. y L. Ñústez. C.E. 2010. Análisis de crecimiento y relación fuente-demanda de cuatro variedades de papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) en el municipio de Zipaquirá (Cundinamarca, Colombia). Rev. Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellín. 63(1), 5253-5266.

Schipper, L.A., Robertson, W.D., Gold, A.J., Jaynes, D.B. y S.C. Cameron. 2010. Denitrifying bioreactors - An approach for reducing nitrate loads to receiving waters. Ecol. Eng. 36(11), 1532-1543. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.04.008

Tabatabaei, S., Fatemi, L. y E. Fallahi. 2006. Effect of ammonium: Nitrate ratio on yield, calcium concentration, and photosynthesis rate in strawberry. J. Plant Nutr. 29(7), 1273-1285. Doi: 10.1080/01904160600767575

Taiz L. y E. Zeiger 2002. Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates Publishers, Sunderland.

Ucar, Y. Kazaz, S., Eraslan, F. y H. Baydar. 2017. Effects of different irrigation water and nitrogen levels on the water use, rose flower yield and oil yield of Rosa damascena. Agric. Water Manag.182, 94-102.

Zhang, H., Chi, D., Wang, Q., Fang, J. y X. Fang. 2011. Yield and Quality Response of Cucumber to Irrigation and Nitrogen Fertilization Under Subsurface Drip Irrigation in Solar Greenhouse. Agric. Sci. China 10(6), 921-930. Doi: 10.1016/S1671-2927(11)60077-1

Citado por: