Barriers and driving forces for the implementation of Industry 4.0 in organizations: a state of the art

Barreras y fuerzas impulsoras de la implementación de la Industria 4.0 en las organizaciones: un estado del arte

Contenido principal del artículo

Omar Alexánder León-García
Mónica Yamile Bermúdez-Segura

Resumen

La Industria 4.0 es un concepto de fabricación que viene tomando fuerza en las organizaciones, y que involucra: la automatización industrial, la digitalización y la integración de nuevas tecnologías para mejorar las condiciones de trabajo y aumentar la productividad. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo aportar en el debate sobre el estado del arte de la industria 4.0, agregando una visión general sobre los impulsores y barreras para su implementación. En este sentido, se siguió una metodología de análisis documental y de contenido de 49 artículos de investigación, publicados entre 2014 y 2020. Los resultados permitieron identificar seis categorías relacionadas con las barreras, a saber: seguridad, costos, talento humano, resistencia organizacional y uso de tecnologías. Igualmente, se identificaron ocho categorías como fuerzas impulsoras de la implementación de la industria 4.0, así: preexistencia tecnológica, compromiso gerencial, eficiencia, competitividad, sostenibilidad, empleados competentes y políticas de gobierno.

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Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a (VER)

Omar Alexánder León-García, Fundación Universitaria Compensar, Bogotá, Colombia

Ingeniero de Producción, Doctor en Ingeniería

Mónica Yamile Bermúdez-Segura, Fundación Universitaria Compensar, Bogotá, Colombia

Ingeniera Química

Referencias (VER)

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