Agronomic performance and gaseous exchanges of the radish under saline stress and ascorbic acid application

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Autores

Ygor Henrique Leal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7155-3524
Leonardo Vieira de Sousa https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5846-3399
Toshik Iarley da Silva https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0704-2046
Joana Gomes de Moura https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4389-2956
Ana Gabriela Sousa Basílio https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2873-8202
José Sebastião de Melo Filho https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3005-2795
Anderson Carlos de Melo Gonçalves https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4151-1192
Thiago Jardelino Dias https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7843-6184

Abstract

The radish is a short-cycle vegetable that has excellent nutritional and medicinal properties. It is considered rustic, meaning it tolerates adverse conditions with the possibility of being irrigated with saline water, which creates stress. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of electrical conductivities in irrigation water and doses of ascorbic acid on the agronomic performance and gaseous exchanges of radishes. This experiment was carried out in a protected environment at the Agricultural Sciences Center of the Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba (Brazil). The experiment design used randomized blocks with five doses of ascorbic acid (0.0, 0.29, 1.0, 1.71 and 2.0 mM) and five electrical conductivities in the irrigation water (0.5, 1.3, 3.25, 5.2 and 6.0 dS m-1), with four replicates. The growth, gas exchange and production were evaluated. The doses of ascorbic acid were not significant. The increase in the electrical conductivities of the irrigation water provided a reduction in the agronomic performance and gas exchanges, except for the net photosynthesis, water use efficiency and instantaneous carboxylation efficiency, which were not significant. There was a relationship between the net photosynthesis, transpiration, internal concentration of CO2 and water use efficiency and the stomatal conductance. The agronomic performance and gaseous exchanges of the radish culture were influenced by the salinity. The foliar application of ascorbic acid did not influence the agronomic yield and gaseous exchanges of the radishes at the tested doses.

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