Tourism and the Transformation of Social Capital in Rural Communities




social capital, tourism, rural communities, bibliometric analisys


Tourism is a social phenomenon that produces changes in the territorial and relational spheres. Its development depends precisely on the context, structures, processes, local people, tourists, and those who participate in the economic activity in the territory. This leads to the generation of diverse sociocultural relationships, establishing a certain level and type of social capital. The objective of this review article is to identify processes of transformation of social capital due to the influence of tourism in rural communities, based on the review of worldwide cases published in the Scopus, Web of Science and Lens databases; articles published in English and Spanish from 2010 to 2022 were selected, analyzed, and classified. The research makes it possible to describe the elements that have strengthened or eroded social capital.



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Author Biographies

Yesika Alejandra Ayala Suarez, Universidad Pedogógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

Business administrator. Young researcher of the OIKOS research group attached to the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. Master's student in Rural Management and Development at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Zulma Hasbleidy Vianchá Sánchez , Investigadora de Centro Regional de Gestión para la Productividad y la innovación de Boyacá – CREPIB

Systems and Computer Engineer. Master in Process Design and Management. PhD candidate in Environmental and Rural Studies. Researcher at Centro Regional de Gestión para la Productividad y la Innovación de Boyacá - CREPIB. PhD student at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. This collaboration was part of the High Level Training Grant for the Department of Boyacá, funded by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Colombia and the Department of Boyacá.


José Luis Cruz Vásquez, Profesor asociado tiempo completo de la Universidad Pedagógica Tecnológica de Colombia

Economist. Master in Agricultural Economics. Full-time associate professor at the Universidad Pedagógica Tecnológica de Colombia.


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How to Cite

Ayala Suarez, Y A, Vianchá Sánchez , Z H, & Cruz Vásquez, J L. (2023). Tourism and the Transformation of Social Capital in Rural Communities. Apuntes del Cenes, 42(76), 123–152.



Regional economics