The substitution process of heavy fuel oil with natural gas in the industrial sector of Valle del Cauca and Cauca – Colombia 2004-2012

El proceso de sustitución de combustibles pesados por gas natural en el sector industrial del Valle del Cauca y del Cauca - Colombia 2004-2012

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Andrés Eduardo Rangel Jiménez
Carlos Johnny Portilla Salazar

Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the substitution process from heavy fuel oil to natural gas by medium-sized and large companies located in Valle del Cauca and the north of Cauca in the period 2004–2012. Likewise, using a random effects Probit model in Panel, the propensity of these industries to substitute highly polluting fuel with natural gas is estimated. The results show that the difference in cost between natural gas and other fuels is a determinant of the probability of replacement. In addition, it is confirmed that the industries with a lower likelihood of carrying out this replacement are those that use coal in their production processes.

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