Testing the Weak Form of Efficient Market Hypothesis and Causality Analysis in Colombian Food Supply Centers

Evaluación de la hipótesis de eficiencia débil y análisis de causalidad en las centrales de abastos de Colombia

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Leonardo Hernán Talero-Sarmiento
Henry Lamos-Díaz
Edwin Alberto Garavito-Hernández

Abstract

In Colombia, there are traditional food supply centers to trade agricultural products. Government institutions publish sale prices of these products in weekly reports. In order to determine the random characteristics of these price series and if there are relationships between the centers, we use a battery of six different tests to examine the weak form of efficient market hypothesis and the Granger causality test. For this, this work collected the historical weekly price of 28 agricultural products, taking into account six markets, during the first week of 2013 to the last week of 2017. The main results indicate that markets tend towards efficiency, however, the efficiency depends on the product traded. In addition, the centers in Manizales, Barranquilla and Villavicencio influence the prices of the Bogotá, Bucaramanga and Medellín markets.

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Author Biographies (SEE)

Leonardo Hernán Talero-Sarmiento, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Ingeniero Industrial, Candidato a Magister en Ingeniería Industrial de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Dirección de correspondencia: Calle 9 # 27, Barrio la Universidad, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Escuela de Estudios Industriales y Empresariales, of. 202. Santander, Colombia. e-mail: leonardo.talero@correo.uis.edu.co

Henry Lamos-Díaz, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Doctor en Matemática aplicada de la Universidad Estatal de Moscú. Profesor Titular de la Escuela de Estudios Industriales y Empresarial, Universidad Industrial de Santander.

Edwin Alberto Garavito-Hernández, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Magíster en Ingeniería Industrial de la Universidad Mayaguez de Puerto Rico. Profesor Asociado de la Escuela de Estudios Industriales y Empresarial, Universidad Industrial de Santander.

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