Industrial agglomeration in the Colombian Middle East

Main Article Content


Helmuth Arias Gómez


The purpose of this article focuses on the process of the manufacturing specialization in the Colombian Middle East, from some theoretical considerations on the industrial agglomeration. Then, a historical summary of the industrial localization is exposed, in a process that confirms the forces of accumulative causation in the manufacturing development. An empirical exercise is also performed in order to estimate the influence of inter or intra industrial spillovers, and the mutual complementarities of manufacturing between regions are stressed. Finally, it concludes the importance of complementarities among departments and the role of each one of them in drawing a national industrial cartography.


Article Details


By submitting articles for evaluation, the author agrees to transfer the publishing rights to Revista Apuntes del CENES for publishing in any format or mean and that the attached partial use license will be signed. To increase their visibility, documents are sent to databases and indexing systems also can be viewed on the website and Redalyc - EBSCO - ProQuest - EconLit - DOAJ -  Scielo - Dialnet - ESCI(WoS) - Latindex  - DOTEC - REPECERIH PLUS - The WZB library -  Actualidad Iberoamericana  -   Publindex  - VCU -  Econpapers - EconBib - Bibilat  -  REDIB  -   Crossref - Worldcat -  CLASE - SHERPA ROMEO - Academia - EconBiz - Socionet - Vlex

The journal is under licence Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

For CC licenses, the principle is the creative freedom. This system complements the copyright without oppose it. The content of the items is the responsibility of each author, and does not compromise in any way, magazine or institution.

Publishing and reproduction of titles, abstracts and full content for academic, scientific, cultural and nonprofit purposes is allowed, when the respective source is acknowledged. This work cannot be used for commercial purposes.

Apuntes del Cenes is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

Apuntes del Cenes  does not charge authors for submission or publication

Form 6 Copyright Transfer Form

When sending an article to submit to the Apuntes del CENES journal, the author(s) certify and accept:

1.That the article has not been accepted for evaluation in another journal, nor has it been published.
2.That, in case a publication of a previous version as a working paper (or 'gray literature') has been reported on a website, and that, in the case of publication being accepted, it will be removed from the Internet site, where
will leave only the title, abstract, keywords and hyperlink to the journal.

That once published in Apuntes del CENES will not be published in another magazine.


Acevedo, M., Araque, J. (2002). La industria manufacturera de Santander en los años noventa. Bucaramanga: Universidad Industrial de Santander.

Alfonso, O., (Ed) 2001. Ciudad y región en Colombia. Nueve ensayos de análisis socioeconómico y espacial. Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.

Araujo, Ibarra y Asociados (2006). Quinientos nuevos productos y servicios, para nueve regiones de Colombia con gran potencial de mercado en Estados Unidos. Informe de Consultoría.

Arias, H., (2011). Tendencias de la industria regional en Colombia. Documentos de trabajo No 36. Facultad de Economía. Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.

Baldwin, J., Brown, M. & Rigby, D. (2008) Agglomeration Economies: Microdata Panel Estimates from Canadian Manufacturing. Research Papers No 49. Statistics Canada. Ottawa.

Baldwin, J., Beckstead, D., Brown, M. & Rigby, D. (2007) Urban Economies and Productivity. Research Papers No 45. Statistics Canada. Ottawa.

Chinitz, B. May, 1961. Contrast in Agglomeration: New York and Pittsburg. American Economic Review. 51 (2). Capello, R. Agglomeration Economies and Urban Productivity: the Case of the High-Tech Industry in the Milan Metropolitan Area. University of Molise and Politecnico di Milano.

Departamento Nacional de Planeación (2007). Agenda interna para la productividad y la competitividad. Documentos Regionales. Bogotá: DNP.

Dueñas, M., Morales, M. & Olmos, L. (2009). Aglomeración industrial en el área metropolitana de Bogotá. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. XVII (2). Universidad Nueva Granada, Bogotá.

Fu, S. & Hong, J. (2010). Testing urbanization economies in manufacturing industries: urban diversity or urban size? Research Paper Series (38). Economics and Econometrics Research Institute Brussels.

Fujita, M. & Krugman, P. (2004), La nueva geografía económica, pasado, presente y futuro. En Investigaciones Regionales. Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, 177-206, Alcalá de Henares.

Glaeser, E., Kallal, H., Scheinkman, J. & Shleifer, A. (1992). Growth in Cities. Journal of Political Economy. 100, (6). December. University of Chicago Press.

Jiménez, M. & Sideri, S. (1985). Historia del Desarrollo Regional en Colombia. Bogotá: CIDER.

Krugman, P. (1991), Increasing Returns and Economic Geography. Journal of Political Economy, 99 (3).

Krugman, P. (1992). Geografía y Comercio. Barcelona: Antoni Bosch.

Krugman, P. (1995). Desarrollo geografía y teoría económica. Barcelona: Antoni Bosch.

Krugman, P. (2008a). The Increasing Returns Revolution in Trade and Geography. Nobel Prize Lecture. Stockholm.

Krugman, P. (2008b). New Trade, New Geography, and the Troubles of Manufacturing. Nobel Price Slides Lecture,

Lu, J. & Tao, Z. (2007). Trends and Determinants of China’s Industrial Agglomeration. Munich Personal RePEc Archive. No 6597.

López, L. (2010). Transformación productiva de la industria en Colombia y sus regiones después de la apertura económica. Cuadernos de Economía, XXIX, (53). Segundo Semestre. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá.

Marshall, A. (2005). Principios de economía. Madrid: Síntesis, Fundación ICO.

Malaver, F. (2002). Dinámica y transformaciones de la industria colombiana. Cuadernos de Economía, XXI, (36). Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá.

Moulton, B. (Apr. 1987). Diagnostics for Group Effects in Regression Analysis. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 5.

Ospina, L. (1974). Industria y protección en Colombia 1810-1930. Bogotá: Oveja Negra.

El gran Boyacá. (Abril, 2011). Revista Semana.

El gran Santander. (Diciembre, 2012). Revista Semana.

Weiss, A. (1980). Antecedentes del desarrollo industrial colombiano. Documentos de Sociología (20). Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá.


Download data is not yet available.