La revolución empírica en economía

The Empirical Revolution in Economics

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Resumen

Este artículo intenta explicar el avance de la revolución empírica. Plantea que la búsqueda de experimentos naturales y cuasi naturales, allí donde estuvieran disponibles, para mejorar la credibilidad de los métodos de identificación, condujo a la creación y aplicación de nuevas herramientas econométricas y a su posterior propagación transversal a un número creciente de campos de la economía. La aplicación de los nuevos diseños y herramientas de investigación a la evaluación de intervenciones de política en todo el mundo, activó un potente sistema de retroalimentación que va de las intervenciones a su evaluación mediante nuevas herramientas econométricas, a la publicación de artículos académicos y a la generación de nuevas intervenciones. Usando redes de cocitación y redes semánticas de los artículos que introdujeron las nuevas herramientas, encontramos trazos de su impacto creciente sobre la práctica de los economistas, y de la emergencia de tres agrupaciones de investigadores como efecto de la irrupción del control sintético en 2003.

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