Fluorescencia como indicador de estrés en <i>Helianthus annuus</i> L. Una revisión

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Autores

Sonia Constanza Jiménez-Suancha
Oscar Humberto Álvarado S.
Helber Enrique Balaguera-López

Resumen

El girasol es una Asteraceae con alto potencial como planta de corte. Esta planta está expuesta a una amplia fluctuación de condiciones ambientales como luz, temperatura, suministro de agua y nutrientes. Estas condiciones pueden generar estrés sobre las plantas. El girasol presenta resistencia a la sequía, bajas y altas temperaturas. Los efectos del estrés dependen de la intensidad y de la etapa fenológica en que se presente. La fluorescencia puede ser empleada como herramienta para obtener información acerca de la influencia del estrés sobre el estado fisiológico del aparato fotosintético de las plantas y su respuesta será indicadora del daño o alteración en él. El objetivo de la presente revisión es exponer resultados de investigaciones científicas sobre los diferentes tipos de estrés evaluados en Helianthus annuus y la forma como ha sido empleada la fluorescencia como un indicador de dicho estrés. Contribuyendo así a ampliar la información disponible sobre esta importante especie.

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El copyright de los artículos e ilustraciones son propiedad de la Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas. Los editores autorizan el uso de los contenidos bajo la licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). La citación correcta de los contenido deben registrar de forma explícita el nombre de la revista, nombre(s) del (de los) autor(es), año, título del artículo, volumen, número, página del artículo y DOI. Se requiere un permiso escrito a los editores para publicar más que un resumen corto del texto o las figuras.

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