Clústeres regionales como estrategia para superar desventajas competitivas

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Diana Lorena Pineda-Ospina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7967-0178
Edgar Guillermo Rodríguez-Guevara https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1570-2000
Diego Alonso García-Bonilla https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7466-5687

Resumen

El artículo tiene el objetivo de identificar cuáles son las ventajas de los clúster regionales para incentivar la competitividad de las empresas. Metodológicamente, se aborda un enfoque cualitativo a través de un ejercicio bibliométrico, que permitió la: recopilación, revisión y análisis de documentos publicados entre 2002 y 2019, en las bases de datos Scopus e ISI Web of Science. A partir de una muestra de 170 documentos, se realizó el análisis de contenido para identificar los principales ejes analíticos, que responden al propósito planteado. Entre los resultados se destacan: los avances en la conceptualización de los clústeres; la identificación del clúster como un tipo de aglomeración que facilita la difusión de conocimiento y de transferencia tecnológica entre empresas; y la capacidad del clúster como articulador de instituciones regionales. Los resultados permiten concluir la relevancia de la configuración de los clústeres para el desarrollo productivo regional, y el fortalecimiento de las ventajas competitivas de las organizaciones que lo conforman.

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Detalles del artículo

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Los artículos aquí publicados están protegidos bajo una licencia Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional. El contenido de los artículos es responsabilidad de cada autor y no compromete, de ninguna manera, a la revista o a la institución. Se permite la divulgación y reproducción de títulos, resúmenes y contenido total, con fines académicos, científicos, culturales y/o comerciales, siempre y cuando se cite la respectiva fuente. 

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